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Sustainable Built Environment

MECH1010 – Engineer in Society http://www.hku.hk/bse/mech1010/. Sustainable Built Environment. Dr. Sam C M Hui Department of Mechanical Engineering The University of Hong Kong E-mail: cmhui@hku.hk. Mar 2008. Built Environment.

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Sustainable Built Environment

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  1. MECH1010 – Engineer in Society http://www.hku.hk/bse/mech1010/ Sustainable Built Environment Dr. Sam C M Hui Department of Mechanical Engineering The University of Hong Kong E-mail: cmhui@hku.hk Mar 2008

  2. Built Environment • Built environment is everything that has been made by humans to modify the spaces in which we live and work • Ranges from the large-scale civic surroundings to the personal places • May be residential, commercial, industrial, schools, parks, roads and highways • Include architectural design, building engineering, interior design, landscape design, town planning and urban design

  3. Hong Kong

  4. "We shape our buildings and thereafter they shape us." (Winston Churchill)

  5. Built Environment • Scope of the built environment • Economy • Environment • Social • Possible impacts, such as on • Quality of life, economic goals • Climate, bio-sphere, global resources • Air quality, water and ground pollution • Land use, waste, local resources

  6. Built Environment • Our world today has limited resources • Excessive use of materials is not only wasteful of natural products, but also costs money • There is a need to promote “sustainable development” in our society/planet • Two key questions to ask ourselves: • What is sustainable development? • How to make the built environment sustainable?

  7. Built Environment • The Brundtland Report (Our Common Future) • “S.D. is development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generation to meet their own needs.” – World Commission on Environment and Development. • Two important concepts • Needs – maintain an acceptable life standard • Limits – within the carrying capacity of supporting ecosystems and resource base

  8. Human needs and development Supply Waste Ecological footprint (hectares/person) *: - world average = 2.3 - USA = 10.3 - Hong Kong = 6.0 - China = 1.2 [* Source: Friends of the Earth (HK)] Supporting ecosystems and resource base Carrying capacity and ecological footprint

  9. Built Environment • One day in HK (popul. = 6.97 million) [1999] • Fresh water consumption = 358 litre/person • Electricity consumption = 13.9 kWh/person • Food consumption: • Vegetables 1,100 tonnes; fruits 1,800 tonnes • Live pigs 6,200 heads; live cattle 170 heads • Live poultry 190 tonnes; fresh eggs 200 tonnes • Freshwater fish 120 tonnes; marine fish 170 tonnes • Solid waste production = 18,040 tonnes

  10. Sustain-able Future?

  11. Built Environment • How to make the built environment sustainable? • Achieve a balance among economy, environment and social • Promote sustainable design and operation of buildings which consider • Economy and efficiency of resources • Life cycle design • Human well-being

  12. Environmental Sustainability Ecosystem integrity Carrying capacity Biodiversity Environment Social Sustainability Cultural Identity Empowerment Accessibility Stability Equity Economy Society Economic Sustainability Growth Development Productivity Trickle-down Human Well Being Three dimensions of sustainability

  13. Energy issues Water conservation Efficiency Renewable Reduce Recycle Design Pre-Building Phase Designers Contractors Construction Building Phase Operation & maintenance Users Post-Building Phase Demolition/Disposal Materials and systems Waste management Reduce Select Recycle Reuse Building life cycle and sustainable construction

  14. - site selection - urban design - landscape planning - CO2 emissions - acid rain - ozone depletion - rainforest depletion - energy performance - renewable energy - water conservation Environmental Criteria & Factors - material selection - recycling of materials - waste management - disposal & reuse - environmental policy - transport strategy - building maintenance - air quality - thermal comfort - lighting & noise - hazardous materials

  15. Upstream Downstream Bldg. materials Energy/fuels Fresh water Consumer goods Solar radiation Wind Rain Used materials Combustion by- product Waste water Garbage Heat Polluted air Ground water Resource and material flow in the building ecosystem

  16. Avoid “sick building syndromes” by maintaining good indoor air quality

  17. What is it? Ans.: A sustainable washing machine (Benefits: save energy and water, reuse materials, promote human exercises)

  18. Built Environment • Video presentation: • A democratic building (17 min.) [AV 725.1209421 D3] • The Greater London Authority's headquarters (GLA Building) • To study the aims, design and implementation of an environmentally considered building • Contributors: • Richard Banks, CIT Group (the client) • David Kong, architect with Foster and Partners • Sara McGowan, building services engineers with Ove Arup • Macolm Turpin, structural engineer with Ove Arup

  19. London City Hall GLA Building (Source: www.london.gov.uk/gla/)

  20. Built Environment • Role Model – Mechanical Building Services Engineer: Sara McGowan • Young Women Engineer of the Year 2003, UK • Uses science & art to design modern buildings • Further info: • Sara McGowan: Case Study (PDF) • A day in the life... Sara McGowan • Snapshots - Sara McGowan, Engineer • Video online (from Vega Science Trust) (14 minutes) • http://www.vega.org.uk/video/programme/53

  21. Be a creative and ‘green’ engineer! THANK YOU

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