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Disorders of Skeletal Muscle

Disorders of Skeletal Muscle

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Disorders of Skeletal Muscle

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  1. Disorders of Skeletal Muscle • Soreness • Cramps • Strains • Fibromyalgia • Myasthenia Gravis • Muscular Dystrophy • Rhabdomyolysis

  2. Lesson 5.2 • Muscles and Tendons of the Shoulder Girdle and Upper Limb

  3. Shoulder Girdle • Pectoral Girdle • Attaches upper limb to axial skeleton • Rotator Cuff • Four muscles originate on scpula • Fuse to form large tendon (rotator cuff) • Inserts into humerus • Holds ball of humerus in scapula socket • Tears with overuse

  4. Upper Arm and Elbow Joint • Muscles connect upper arm to shoulder girdle, vertebral column, and ribs • Anterior • Deltoid, pectoralis major • Posterior • Latissimus Dorsi

  5. Elbow Joint and Forearm • Muscles to move elbow joint and forearm • Anteriorly • Biceps brachii, brachialis, brachioradialis • Posteriorly • Triceps brachii

  6. Tendon Disorders • Tennis elbow • Tenosynovitis • Carpal tunnel syndrome • Ganglion cysts

  7. Muscles and TendonsLesson 5.3 Pelvic Girdle, Thigh, Leg, and Foot

  8. Muscles of Hip and Thigh • Support Hip Joint and Move Thigh • Glutei – maximus, medius, minimus • Adductor muscle of inner thigh

  9. Thigh Muscles • Quadriceps femoris muscle • Rectus femoris, vastus lateralis,vastus medialis, vastus intermedius • Quadriceps femoris tendon • Hamstring Group • Biceps femoris • Semimembranosus • Semitendinosus

  10. Muscles and Tendons of Lower Leg, Ankle, and Foot • Calf Muscles Gastrocnemius – large Soleus – small • Tendons join to form Achilles (calcaneal) tendon which is attached to the heel bone (calcaneus).

  11. Deconstruction of Words • Abduct • Abduction • Adduct • Adduction • Adductor • Dorsum • Dorsal

  12. Lesson 5.4 • Rehabilitation Medicine

  13. Rehabilitation Medicine • Multidisciplinary team approach • Physiatrists • Medical specialists • Occupational therapists • Physical therapists • Rehabilitation psychologists • Social workers • Speech therapists • Orthotists • Nutritionists

  14. Rehabilitation Medicine Focuses On Function to Maintain Independence and a Good Quality of Life • Restorative Rehabilitation • Restores a function that had been lost • Maintenance Rehabilitation • Strengthens and maintains a function that was being lost • Prevention of Function Loss and Injury

  15. Measurement and Monitoring • Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) • Eating 2. Bathing 3. Dressing • Grooming 5. Toileting 6. Transfer • Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs) - Relate to Independent Living - Managing money; using a telephone; cooking; driving; shopping; housework

  16. Assistive Devices • Any equipment used to maintain or promote function in someone with a disability • Low end – a cane, walker, shoe insert • High end – computerized communication device • Adaptive Equipment • Any equipment to help perform ADLs • Eating devices, raised toilet seats, handrails in bath and shower

  17. Assist • Assistive • Assistant • Physiotherapy • Physiotherapist • Physiotherapeutic

  18. Amputations • Causes • Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) - legs • Wartime explosive devices – arms and legs • Below-the-knee (BKA) Promote healing of stump Strengthen muscles above amputation site Strengthen arm muscles Prevent contractures Shrink stump to fit into socket of prosthesis Provide emotional, psychological and family support