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Booklet 6

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Booklet 6

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  1. Enriching Knowledge for the Health Management and Social Care Curriculum Series (11) : Community Health (Compulsory Part) (Refreshed)12 Mar 2015 p.m. Booklet 6 Healthy Community

  2. Round-up:Booklet(13)Health and Social Care Policies

  3. Learning Targets

  4. Disease prevention

  5. 6.1 Trends of Diseases and Illnesses • Topic 2 - Health and Social Care in the Local and the Global Contexts • 2C Recent increases in vulnerability and exposure due to lifestyle changes, globalization and family changes • 2C1Lifestyle changes and illness • Common illnesses in the local context • 2C2 Globalization • Globalization and afflictions - Mobility and the spreading of communicable diseases • •To understand the impact of globalization on health and well-being

  6. 6.1AGlobalization and Afflictions

  7. 6.1BDisease Burdens Infectious Diseases Infectious Diseases

  8. 6.2 Communicable Diseases • Topic 2 - Health and Social Care in the Local and the Global Contexts • 2C Recent increases in vulnerability and exposure due to lifestyle changes, globalization and family changes • 2C1Lifestyle changes and illness • Communicable diseases • Lifestyle changes and communicable diseases • To identify factors leading to the increases in vulnerability and exposure • To analyse the relationships between lifestyle changes and common illnesses

  9. 6.2Communicable Diseases 2. Survive and reproduce in the host body until they are transmitted to another host through different media 1.Search for a suitable living environment in the human body for growth and reproduction, and cause damage to the host body Disease Prevention: if any of the two factors are under control

  10. very small and do not have a nucleus and organelles 6.2 Pathogen

  11. 6.2 Pathogen

  12. 6.2Environment and Agents

  13. controls the way in which the body resists attacks from foreign invaders 6.2Body Defence • Immunity

  14. 6.2How Immunity is built?

  15. Vaccination

  16. When a person gets an immunization, or vaccine,the body's immune system learns to recognise that particular bacteria or virus. If, sometime later, the person is exposed to the germ again, the body can fight it off and not come down with the disease.

  17. 6.4 Lifestyle changes and communicable diseases

  18. 6.4BSexually transmitted diseases

  19. 6.3 Non- Communicable Diseases • Topic 2 - Health and Social Care in the Local and the Global Contexts • 2C Recent increases in vulnerability and exposure due to lifestyle changes, globalization and family changes • 2C1Lifestyle changes and illness • Lifestyle changes and non-communicable diseases • To identify factors leading to the increases in vulnerability and exposure • To analyse the relationships between lifestyle changes and common illnesses

  20. 6.3 Non- Communicable Diseases(Refer to Booklet 3–body systems and indicators of physical health)

  21. 6.4BLifestyle changes and non-communicable diseases

  22. 6.5 Disease Prevention • Topic 3 Responding to the Needs in the Areas of Health (care, promotion and maintenance) and Social Care • 3A The notion and practice of health promotion, health maintenance, ill-health prevention, social care, welfare and community services • 3A2Health maintenance and ill-health prevention • Personal Role • Protective factors: exercise, recreation and rest, balanced diet, good hygiene practices, protective measures (e.g. helmets, seat-belts), universal precautions • Risk factors: drug abuse, inadequate exercise/rest, unhealthy dietary habits, non-hygienic practices , harmful/unsafe practices , a sedentary lifestyle • To understand the protective factors and risk factors to health and well-being • To understand the roles of individual in health maintenance and ill-health prevention

  23. 6.5 Disease Prevention –Three Levels • Topic 4 - Promotion and Maintenance of Health and Social Care in the Community • 4A Disease prevention (primary, secondary and tertiary) and using precautions in our daily living patterns and lifestyles • 4A1Primary, secondary and tertiary prevention • To differentiate among primary, secondary and tertiary disease prevention

  24. 6.5 Disease Prevention – Three Levels

  25. 6.5 Disease Prevention –Individual Level • Topic 4 - Promotion and Maintenance of Health and Social Care in the Community • 4A Disease prevention (primary, secondary and tertiary) and using precautions in our daily living patterns and lifestyles • 4A2Personal hygiene practices and prevention of communicable diseases • 4A3Regular exercise, leisure activities and healthy diet in preventing health problem e.g. heart attacks, strokes, obesity and hypertension • 4A4Attitude towards sex and substance abuse for the prevention of sexually transmitted disease or addiction • To understand how personal practices and attitudes contribute to disease prevention • To carry out health practices that contributes to personal and public health • To understand the linkages between personal health practices and public health

  26. 6.5 Disease Prevention –Individual Level

  27. 6.6 Government Strategies in Disease Prevention • Topic 3 Responding to the Needs in the Areas of Health (care, promotion and maintenance) and Social Care • 3A The notion and practice of health promotion, health maintenance, ill-health prevention, social care, welfare and community services • 3A2Health maintenance and ill-health prevention • • Society Role • the role of government in health maintenance • the collection and application of data in health protection of the citizens • To understand the roles of government in health maintenance and ill-health prevention

  28. 6.6 Government Strategies in Disease Prevention • Topic 4 - Promotion and Maintenance of Health and Social Care in the Community • 4A Disease prevention (primary, secondary and tertiary) and using precautions in our daily living patterns and lifestyles • 4A7 Government strategies: • Policy making • Diseases prevention and surveillance • Control of the disease spreading • Public health promotion • Resources management • To evaluate the roles of government in maintenance and promotion of public health

  29. 6.6 Government Strategies in Disease Prevention

  30. 6.6 Government Strategies in Disease Prevention –Communicable Diseases

  31. 6.6 Government Strategies in Disease Prevention –Non -communicable Diseases

  32. 6.6 Government Strategies in Disease Prevention –Collection and Application of Data

  33. Statistics on behavioural risk factors Types of Statistics Collected by Centre for Health Protection (CHP) • Health Status (e.g. Body Mass Index /BMI distribution) Physical Activity (e.g. vigorous/ Moderate physical activity) • Eating Habits (e.g. consumption of five servings of fruit and vegetables per day) • Drinking Pattern (e.g. alcohol consumption) • Smoking Pattern (e.g. cigarette smoking) • Preventive Services Practices (e.g. cervical screening) • Oral Health Practices (e.g. dental checkup) • Sleeping Habit (e.g. sleeping hours) • Describe TWO major roles of CHP in surveillance of common illnesses in Hong Kong and illustrate TWO importance of collection of data on behavourial risk factors in disease prevention. • The data provides information for the government to formulate strategies for primary and secondary disease prevention. Explain the concepts of primary and secondary disease prevention and identify the examples of related data collected by CHP given in the information.

  34. Organisations for Disease Control