GCSE AQA Graphics Further Research Issues Materials Manufacturing Specification
Page 1 • Title: • Further Research • ½ page per part
Further Research • Scanned in images of your final designs: • 1. Counters – ABS, injection moulded • 2. Box – 600 micron card, gravure printing, die cutting, spray varnish • Box graphics • 3. Cards (either: coated paper/card or card spray varnished) • 4. Instructions • 5. Tray / insert- H.I.P.s, vacuum forming • 6. Board – same as we do (board backing fabric, 2mm grey board) with spray varnish or coated paper • What materials and process would you use in the real world? • Annotate and justify material and process choices • What material will you use for each part? • Why will you use that material for that purpose? Paper – 80gsm
Layout NAME Brief and Survey
Issues • Social • Moral • Environmental • Sustainability • Around the product, materials and manufacture methods chosen.
Social, cultural, moral, environmental, economic and sustainability issues AQA Graphic Products
Moral • A designer may not want their designs to be used to promote products that have potential drawbacks for the consumer. An example of this could be fast food or sweets that, with excessive consumption, could result in long term health damage. • Moral factors may influence a designer's choice of materials. For example, using recyclable materials
Social • Users need to be considerate in the use of their product • Noise from MP3 players / phones etc • Users may stop being socialable / be more socialable • Listening to headphones instead of speaking to each other • Playing a game users may intereact with echother more • Designers need to be aware of the impact of their product and design products appropriately. • Other social issues are: • The aging population • Obesity • Smoking and alcohol use
Cultural • Designers should be aware that some images and text can cause offence. This can be because they contradict people's religious or cultural beliefs. • Globalisation has exposed more people to different cultures, and this has inspired designers' work.
Economic • Designers want people to buy their product and for their product be desirable. They need to consider peoples incomes. • A consumer may want to buy a product, but may not be able to afford it • A manufacturer may find it cheaper to make the product elsewhere.
Environmental / sutainability • Designers have a responsibility to work in a way that reduces the environmental impact of a product. • Raw Materials • Paper and card are made from cellulose fibre from wood, old rags or old paper. Care needs to be taken to ensure that wood is from sustainable forests. The processes of making paper may produce waste. • Manufacturing • Inks and solvents used in manufacturing processes may be harmful unless used and disposed of correctly. • Products • Products and packaging can cause large amounts of waste if they are thrown away. However, many kinds of graphics waste can be recycled.
Environmental / sutainability • Rethink - How can the product do the job better? Is the product energy efficient? Has the product been designed for disassembly? • Reuse - Which parts of the product could be used again? Has the product got another use without having to process it? • Recycle - Which parts of the product can be recycled? Is this information clear on the packaging? • Repair - Which parts might need to be replaced? Which parts might fail with use or over time? How easy would it be to replace parts? • Reduce - Are there any parts in your product that are not needed? How can the amount of material be reduced? How could you simplify your product? • Refuse - Is your product really needed? Have you thought about the people who might be making your product - are they treated fairly (pay, living and working conditions etc)?
Environmental / sutainability • Built in obsolescence is when a product is designed and made with parts that are known to fail after a specific time. This means a new part or a new product will have to be bought to replace it. • Designs that try to reduce waste will avoid built in obsolescence.
Moral, social and ethical issues • It is the responsibility of the designer to consider the moral, social and cultural aspects of their design • It is the responsibility of the consumer to justify and feel comfortable with their choice when purchasing a product. Is it ever right to: • use child labour? • develop cosmetics through testing on animals? • breed, grow and sell genetically modified crops? • demand products that encourage deforestation? • transport day to day items on a global basis? • use heavy pollutants in a products manufacture?
Ethical trading To trade ethically you must at least: • ensure safe working standards and procedures in the factories • set out fair pay and working conditions for employees • act upon the impact of production on the local environment • assurances that the trading procedures are sound can be gained from the presence of the fair trade symbol.
Mark Scheme • The implications of a wide range of issues including social, moral, environmental and sustainability, are taken into consideration and inform the development of the design proposals
Layout Social Moral Environmental Sustainability NAME Brief and Survey
Page 2 • Title: • Manufacturing Specification • ½ page per part
Materials • Cut out materials chosen on the last page and stick onto page • Write about: • Why you have chosen that material – what is good about it? • Working properties of each material
Layout What is good about the material - justify What is good about the material - justify What is good about the material - justify What is good about the material - justify NAME Brief and Survey
Mark Scheme • Appropriate materials and components selected with full regard to their working properties
Layout Materials 1.1 1.2 etc Processes 2.1 2.2 Finishes 3.1 Components 4.1 Joining 5.1 NAME Brief and Survey
Mark Scheme • Fully detailed and justified product/manufacturing specification taking full account of the analysis undertaken
Manufacturing Specification Board – 2mm grey board, board backing fabric, graphics Counters – acrylic Cards/instructions – paper encapsulated Box – 600 micron card, graphics stuck on, coversealed • Headings: • Materials • Processes • Finishes • Components • Joining • It must be detailed and justified • How you will make YOUR game. Board – by hand (scissors & craft knives) / Adobe Photoshop Counters – laser cut Cards/instructions – Adobe Photoshop, cut, encapsulated Box – 2D Design & laser cut, Adobe Photoshop & printed, coversealed Cover seal Acrylic – self finishing Board backing fabric Encapsulation Spray mount Tensol cement (3D counters) Dice