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Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece

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Ancient Greece

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  1. Ancient Greece The Academy: Class Activity McCluskey

  2. Monday, December 5th • Organizer #2 check (10 pt) • THE ACADEMY: Class Activity and Notes, 10 pt daily grade • HW: Organizer #3

  3. Wednesday, Dec. 7th • Organizer #3 check • Review: Greece, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle • Plato: The Cave video (3 min) • Finish Philosophers • ROME: timeline, notes: Power • HW: Study for Map Quiz! (30 pt, word bank provided) • GS 10: Annotated Bibliography

  4. Friday, December 9th • GS 10: Turn in Annotated Bibliographies • Europe Map Quiz (30 pts)- need one sheet of paper! • Finish Ancient Rome timeline, analysis of power • HW: Organizer #4- Middle Ages: NEED TEXTBOOK!!! • Bring Textbook to class Monday!!!!!!!! • GS 10: DON’T WORRY about Revised Thesis yet…we will discuss things on Monday, will push off…. • MON: will go over all tests, outlines • GS 10: discussion on papers, note taking • ALL: will get Europe project assignment Mon or Wednesday, due in January

  5. The Academy Actors: Herodotus (teacher) Group 1: Socrates Group 2: Plato Group 3: Aristotle Group 4: Antisthenes and Diogenes Aristippus Group 5: Pyrrho Zeno Epicurus

  6. The Format: • Each group will study the basic biography, beliefs, and possible writing excerpt of its assigned philosopher and give a brief presentation to the rest of the “Academy” in which all sections of the given outline can be filled out by your “students.” • Evaluation: 10 point daily grade • 5 Pts: thoroughness and accuracy of content • 5 Pts: clarity and authenticity of presentation

  7. Herodotus: • Must use evidence • Analyze why (human behavior) “Ancient Greece was a powerful civilization under the leadership of Athens that left a lasting legacy on Western culture”?

  8. “Ancient” • 3000 BCE= earliest (Minoan, Mycanean) • 2000 BCE = Greek Speaking, Acheans • “Trojan War”, c. 1250 BCE • “Dark Ages” • 750-359 BCE = “Hellenic Greece” • Persian Wars (c. 500 BCE) • Battle of Marathon • Battle of Salamis • “Golden Age” = (477-431BCE) under Pericles • Pelopponesian Wars (431-404 BCE): Athens loses to Sparta and Pelop. League • Philip II, Alexander the Great = Empire (359-323BCE) • Hellenistic Greece • Rome!!

  9. “Greece”

  10. “Greece” • N: Macedonia • S: Peloponnesus • Islands, incl. Crete • Mts. • No rivers • 25% arable • POLIS: “city-state” (highest pt = acropolis) • Location: close to everything (trade, Egypt, Persian, Rome)

  11. “Powerful” • Phalanx= foot soldiers • Defeated Persian Empire • Athens: Marathon (“Nike”) (against Darius) • Sparta: Salamis (movie “300”) (against Xerxes)

  12. “Civilization” Definition of “Civilization”: highly advanced state of human society in which a high level of art, science, religion, and government has been achieved.

  13. “Advanced State of Human Society” • ART: idealized (vs. Roman = realistic) • Sculpture • Architecture (columns) • SCIENCE • RELIGION • Mythology • Drama (Comedy, Tragedy)

  14. Civ’n: “High level of govt:” Democracy: • Draco: Law • Solon: Popular Reforms • Cleisthenes: Athenian Assembly • Pericles: Direct Democracy • Polis: organized around city-state • All citizens could vote (citizen?)

  15. “Under the leadership of Athens”: Sparta may have won the Pelopponesian wars, but Athens Sparta Military (too many slaves) “Spartan life” – strict, brutal discipline “Laconic” answers Little art or lit. “Best fighters in the world” • Mind + body • Curiosity, free discussion

  16. “Under Athens” YES NO Peloponnesian League – Athens loses empire by 404 BCE Philip II of Macedonia and son, Alexander the Great = empire (334-323 BCE) Greece + Egypt + Persia = “Hellenistic culture” Science! Astronomy! • Delian League

  17. That left a lasting legacy…. I will defer to Socrates’ method of teaching in this instance…..my peers?

  18. Legacy…. • “Greece has conquered the conqueror” • Alexander the Great? • Rome?

  19. Perhaps greatest legacies = Philosophers • “Philos” = love • “Soph” = knowledge/learning