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Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece

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Ancient Greece

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  1. Ancient Greece

  2. The Greek Dark Ages (aka Iron Age)

  3. The Dorian Invasion (DORIANS}

  4. Decline in Greek Culture

  5. Geography of greece

  6. Greek City State or Citizen State • “the people” or “the community” The Polis

  7. Each polis had an agora (market place) and acropolis (fortified citadel) The Polis continued…

  8. The Polis is fundamental to Greeks! • Big Idea: People knew leaders and elected them • Consequence: • No Divine Leaders • No Standing Army • No Imperial Bureaucracy The Polis continued…

  9. Citizen = Adult males • Non-citizen = Women, children, slaves and resident aliens (aka outsiders) The Polis continued…

  10. Different types of Polis Rule: • Monarchy- rule by 1 • Timocracy- rule by rich • Oligarchy- rule by a few • Democracy- rule by people • Tyranny- rule by a tyrant The Polis continued…

  11. Homer and Hesiod

  12. Greek religion

  13. Basic characteristics • Polytheistic • Hierarchal • Moral guideline • Anything in excess improper • Explained world • Myths

  14. 14 Olympian gods and goddesses • Aphrodite- Love & Beauty • Apollo- Sun & Music • Ares- War • Artemis- Hunt • Athena- Wisdom & Arts • Demeter- Harvest • Dionysus- Wine • Hades- Underworld • Hephaestus- Metallurgy • Hera- Family • Hermes- Trade • Hestia- Hearth • Poseidon- Sea • Zeus- Sky

  15. Characteristics of Gods • Immortal, but not all powerful • Act like humans, have human vices too • Meddle and mingle w/ humans

  16. The Underworld • “Place of Hades” • Early thought = Gloomy Place • Later thought = Place of Judgment • Rewarded or cursed • Fields of Asphodel • Tartarus • Punishment fit crime

  17. Worship of the Gods • Build temples • National shrines • Oracle of Delphi • Sacrifice • Festivals • Olympics