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Psychoanalytic Personality Theories

Psychoanalytic Personality Theories

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Psychoanalytic Personality Theories

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  1. Psychoanalytic Personality Theories Unit 5 Lesson 3

  2. Objectives • Review Freud’s Theory of Personality Development & Defense Mechanisms. • Compare and contrast additional psychoanalytic theories.

  3. Warm Up • What drives all human behavior? • What are the 5 stages of personality formation? • What 3 components of personality? • How does ego protect personality from anxiety? • Sexual/Aggressive Urges • Oral – Anal – Phallic – Latency – Genital • Id - Pleasure • Ego – Reality / Balance • Superego – Morality • Defense Mechanisms

  4. Defense Mechanism Skits

  5. Other Psychoanalysts • Carl Jung (Freud’s frenemy) – • Two separate unconscious regions of mind: • Personal unconscious – complexes, feelings, thoughts, memories that guide behavior • Collective unconscious – universal memories of common human past • Archetypes – images/thoughts that have same meaning for all human beings (dreams, art, literature, religion) • Karen Horney - • Suggested males had womb envy • Childhood anxiety caused by sense of helplessness triggers a desire for life and security

  6. Other Psychoanalysts • Alfred Adler (Freud’s student) - • Inborn feelings of inferiority drive us to adapt, dvp skills, master challenges (compensate) • Inferiority Complex – exaggerated sense of inferiority = • Overcompensate (cover up, fake) in attempt to remove feelings of inferiority • Birth Order • First-born, middle child, only • Erik Erikson - • Lifespan approach to dvpt • Psychosocial stages rather than psychosexual stages.

  7. Activities - • Comparison of Approaches to the Psychoanalytic Theory • Describing Terms & Id’ing Theorists • Use handout and textbook to complete Part B. • Illustrating Theories • Freud’s “Iceberg” is a well known diagram of his theory. • Create a sketch for the other 4 theorists & theories.

  8. Closure • If Freud said that pleasure drives personality formation, what did the others say drives it? • Jung – Collective unconscious • Adler – Inferiority • Erikson – Socialization • Horney - Security

  9. Homework • Complete your class assignment if necessary.