Lecture 0: Introduction EEN 112: Introduction to Electrical and Computer Engineering Professor Eric Rozier, 1/13/2013
Who am I? • BS in Computer Science from William and Mary
Who am I? • BS in Computer Science from William and Mary • Studied models of agricultural pests (flour beetles).
Who am I? • BS in Computer Science from William and Mary • Studied models of agricultural pests (flour beetles). • And load balancing of super computers.
Who am I? • First job – NASA Langley Research Center
Who am I? • First job – NASA Langley Research Center • Researched problems in aeroacoustics
Who am I? • First job – NASA Langley Research Center • Researched problems in aeroacoustics • Primarily on the XV-15
Who am I? • First job – NASA Langley Research Center • Researched problems in aeroacoustics • Primarily on the XV-15 • Precursor to the better known V-22
Who am I? • PhD in CS/ECE from the University of Illinois
Who am I? • PhD in CS/ECE from the University of Illinois • Studied non-linear dynamics of transactivation networks in economically important species…
Who am I? • PhD in CS/ECE from the University of Illinois • Studied non-linear dynamics of transactivation networks in economically important species… aka corn…
Who am I? • PhD in CS/ECE from the University of Illinois • Worked with the NCSA on problems in super computing, reliability, and big data.
Who am I? • PhD in CS/ECE from the University of Illinois • Worked with the NCSA on problems in super computing, reliability, and big data. • Research led to patented advances with IBM
Who am I? • Postdoctoral work at the Information Trust Institute • Worked on Blue Waters Super Computer
Who am I? • Assistant Professor at UM ECE
Who am I? • Assistant Professor at UM ECE • Head of the Trustworthy Systems Lab
How to get in touch with me? • Office • Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering • Fifth Floor, Room 517 • Contact Information • Email: email@example.com • Phone: 8-9752 • Currently looking for motivated students • Research projects and papers
Office Hours • Office • Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering • Fifth Floor, Room 517
Enough about me! Why are you here?
So what are the goals of this class? • To help you understand the field electrical and computer engineering • Its past • Its present • Its future • To introduce you to the fundamental ideas of our field • To provide hands-on experience in the laboratory • To discuss topics related to the broader field • To introduce the process of research and design • To build skills for collaborative work, problem solving, and communication
Training Good Engineers • EE and CE aren’t our only goals! • Critical Reading • Critical Reasoning • Ask questions! • Think through problems! • Challenge assumptions!
Active Learning • After 2 weeks we tend to remember: • Passive learning • 10% of what we read • 20% of what we hear • 30% of what we see • 50% of what we hear and see • Active learning • 70% of what we say • 90% of what we say and do
Bloom’s Taxonomy Evaluation Synthesis Analysis Application Comprehension Knowledge
What is Electrical and Computer Engineering? Break into groups…
Some History • 1750 – Benjamin Franklin and the lightning rod, realizes electricity as a fluid • 1785 – Coulomb discovers electrical charges • 1800 – Volta (re)invents the electric battery • 1816 – Henry discovers inductance • 1820 – Ampere discovers current-induced magnetism
Some History • 1827 – George Ohm quantifies the relationship between electric current and potential difference • 1831 – Michael Faraday discovers electromagnetic induction • 1837 – Morse invents the telegraph • 1854 – Boole introduces the algebra of logical functions
Some History • 1873 – James Clark Maxwell published a unified theory of electricity and magnetism. • 1876 – Bell invents the telephone • 1877 – Edison invents the phonograph • 1879 – Edison invents the incadescent lamp
Some History • 1882 • Edison switches on the first large-scale grid in NYC • Darmstadt University forms an EE department • MIT begins offering an EE specialization in physics • 1886 • The University of Missouri opens the first EE department in the US
Some history • 1888 – Henrich Hertz demonstrates the transmission of radio waves with a spark-gap transmitter • 1897 – Karl Ferdinand Braun introduces the cathode ray tube • 1904 – John Fleming invents the diode • 1907 – Robert von Lieben and Lee De Forest invent the triode
Some history • 1920 – Albert Hull develops the magnetron • 1936 • The invention of radar • Turing’s thesis on computation • 1941 – KonradZuse presents the Z3 a fully functional and programmable analog computer • 1943 – Tommy Flowers designs the Colossus, the first digital computer • 1946 – The ENIAC begins the era of computing
The biggest break through… 1947 Shockley, Bardeen, and Brattain invent the transistor
So where are we now? • ECE • As physics begat EE, EE has begotten CE. • CS? • CS and ECE have a lot in common, in many places they are taught in unified departments. • CS differs in its background, typically pure CS departments are derived from Mathematics
CS and CE • What are the disciplines? • Computer Engineering? • Computer Science?
What it isn’t • "What would we like our children- the general public of the future—to learn about computer science in schools? We need to do away with the myth that computer science is about computers. Computer science is no more about computers than astronomy is about telescopes, biology is about microscopes or chemistry is about beakers and test tubes. Science is not about tools, it is about how we use them and what we find out when we do." -- Ian Parberry
What it isn’t • A confusion of even longer standing came from the fact that the unprepared included the electronic engineers that were supposed to design, build, and maintain the machines. The job was actually beyond the electronic technology of the day, and, as a result, the question of how to get and keep the physical equipment more or less in working condition became in the early days the all-overriding concern. As a result, the topic became —primarily in the USA— prematurely known as "computer science" —which, actually is like referring to surgery as "knife science"— and it was firmly implanted in people's minds that computing science is about machines and their peripheral equipment. -- EdsgerDijkstra
What it really is • Computer science is the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and of practical techniques for their implementation and application in computer systems. Computer scientists invent algorithmic processes that create, describe, and transform information and formulate suitable abstractions to model complex systems. • Computer engineering is the process of analyzing, designing, and integrating the hardware and software systems needed for information processing or computation. Computer engineers are saddled with the difficult tasks of modeling, designing, and analyzing cyberphysical systems which solve interdisciplinary problems in a wide variety of domains.