Standard – SSUSH 7 Students will explain the process of economic growth, its regional and national impact in the first half of the 19th century, and the different responses to it. • Explain the impact of the Industrial Revolution as seen in Eli Whitney’s invention of the cotton gin and his development of interchangeable parts for muskets. • Describe the westward growth of the United States; include the emerging concept of Manifest Destiny. • Describe reform movements, specifically temperance movement, abolitionism, and public school reform. • Explain efforts to gain women’s suffrage; include Elizabeth Cady Stanton and the Seneca Falls Conference. • Explain Jacksonian Democracy, expanding suffrage, the rise of popular political culture, and the development of American nationalism.
Manifest Destiny • Belief that God has destined America to stretch across continent from sea to shining sea • John O’Sullivan coined the term • Idea would be used for American imperialism in the Pacific
Industrial Revolution • Dramatic changes in how people lived and worked in America • From hand-made to machine-made/ From farms to factories / From rural to urban living • Positive changes – more, better, cheaper goods, rise of cities • Negative changes – pollution, city corruption, labor abuses
Eli Whitney • Interchangeable Parts – foundation for Industrialization – Muskets • Cotton gin – kept South agricultural, increase use of slavery
Temperance Movement • Anti-Alcohol social movement Before the Civil War • One of the reform movements inspired by the Second Great Awakening • From preaching to government action/laws • Women involved in reform movement, in great numbers.
Abolitionism • Inspired by Second Great Awakening – many advocated for immediate end of slavery • Pushed North and South further apart • Free Soilers – no westward expansion of slavery • Movement considered a cause of Civil War
Public School Reform • First public schools – New England colonies, Land Ordinance 1785 • Horace Mann – advocate for Public Schools • North public schools – South private tutors
Women’s Suffrage Seneca Falls Conference:The Beginning of Women's Rights.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton • Elizabeth Cady Stanton lived in Seneca Falls with her husband and children. In 1840, she attended the World Anti-Slavery Convention in London. None of the women delegates to the convention were allowed to speak at the meeting. They were all forced to sit behind a curtain. “We do not propose to petition the legislature to make our husbands just, generous, and courteous, to seat every man at the head of a cradle, and to clothe every woman in male attire. “
The Seneca Falls Conference • At the Seneca Falls convention, Stanton read the "Declaration of Sentiments" to the assembly. This document was based on the Declaration of Independence, and it argued that women and men should be treated equally.
Significance of Seneca Falls • By awakening women to the injustices under which they labored , Seneca Falls became the catalyst for future change . • Soon other women's rights conventions were held, and other women would come to the forefront of the movement for political and social equality.