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Lesson 4 – Personal/Consumer Health PowerPoint Presentation
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Lesson 4 – Personal/Consumer Health

Lesson 4 – Personal/Consumer Health

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Lesson 4 – Personal/Consumer Health

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  1. Lesson 4 – Personal/Consumer Health Chronic Diseases

  2. Top 3 Leading Causes of Death (all ages) • Cardiovascular Disease Lifestyle – 54% Environment – 9% Heredity – 25% • Cancer Lifestyle – 37% Environment – 24% Heredity – 29% • Stroke Lifestyle – 50% Environment – 22% Heredity – 21% -CDC

  3. Health Determinants • Heredity • Environment • Individual Choice/Behavior – most influential determinant for modern health problems in US! WHY? How does Decision Making Play a role with these Health Problems?

  4. DATA (CDC) • # of Deaths per year 2.6 million • Life Expectancy – 78 years (women) 74 years (men) • Heart Disease – 654,486 • Cancer – 555,888 • Stroke – 153,074 • Accidents (unintentional) – 114,012

  5. Cardiovascular DiseaseDisease that affects heart or blood vessels Hypertension • High Blood Pressure • Silent Killer • Eat Healthy • Exercise • Manage weight • Hereditary Atherosclerosis • Accumulation of plaque on the artery walls • Unhealthy Diet • Can lead to stroke and heart attacks • Stress

  6. Cancer • Uncontrollable growth of abnormal cells • Smoking, air pollution, hereditary • Tumor – abnormal mass of tissue • Lung – Carcinoma • No immediate symptoms • Severe cough, shortness of breath • Wheezing, blood • Detected by x-ray

  7. Osteoporosis • Progressive loss of Bone • Older people • Reduce risk during teen years • Exercise • diet • Calcium Supp. • Detected by bone scan

  8. Bronchitis • Inflammation of the bronchi caused by infection or exposure to irritants. • Mucus • Coughing • Wheezing • Shortness of Breath • Treatments: antibiotics and reduce exposure.

  9. Emphysema • Always caused by smoking • Destroys the walls of the alveoli (lungs) • Symptoms: breathing difficulty and chronic cough • May need to use oxygen to breathe

  10. Resources • Heart Disease • Lung Cancer • Osteoporosis • Emphysema