Floods By: Ann McQueen & Parker
The Causes • Heavy rain • When rivers overflow • When ocean waves come ashore • When snow melts too quickly • When dams break
Preparing for a Flood • Always plan ahead make a kit. Know where you and your pets can go to be safe. • It is possible to have flooding insurance. That is a good thing to have. • Make sure you have food, water, blankets, and a plan of where to go. • If you know a flood is coming, place sandbags in front of windows and doors.
Flooding Facts Flooding waters can go up to 30 feet or more. Flooding is the most common of all natural disasters. More disaster and deaths are caused by floods than any other natural disaster because people underestimate the power of the water. Six inches of fast moving water can knock you off your feet. Automobiles can be swept away by 24 inches (2 feet) of water. Flooding has caused deaths of more than 10,000 since 1900. The worst flood in U.S. history was a dam break upstream from Johnstown, Pennsylvania in May 31, 1889. Most flash flood deaths occur in automobiles as they are swept down stream. “ Turn around, don’t drown!!”
Damage It can… • Roll boulders • Tear out trees • Destroy buildings • Wipe out bridges
Aftermath Although flood waters may be low in some areas, many dangers may still exist. Here are some important things to remember… • Stay on firm ground. Water may be electrically charged from downed power lines. • Flood waters can change familiar places like walkways or paths. Play it safe; make good decisions!!!
Credits • http://www.nssl.noaa.gov/primer/flood/fld_damage.html • http://www.ussartf.org/flooding.htm • http://www.sylvane.com/blog/how-to-prepare-for-a-flood/ • http://www.fema.gov/kids/floods.htm Pictures • http://www.crue-eranet.net/images/dam_break.jpg • http://www.ses.nsw.gov.au/multiversions/9984/FileName/Floodwater1_05_large.jpg Special Thanks to Mrs. Baugh!!!!