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Team 4 Senior Design Final Presentation May 7, 2011 PowerPoint Presentation
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Team 4 Senior Design Final Presentation May 7, 2011

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Team 4 Senior Design Final Presentation May 7, 2011

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  1. Team 4 Senior Design Final Presentation May 7, 2011

  2. Liz KladderJay PrinsZach TalenTim BangmaJon Mulder

  3. Outline Project Introduction Hybrid Technologies Our Hydraulic System Prototyping Testing Results Business Plan Conclusions

  4. Project Introduction Context  Efficient energy usage Problem  Inefficient vehicle use can be unavoidable in some applications Solution Improve efficiency with the hydraulic hybrid system

  5. Overall Project Goal Validate Hydraulic Hybrid System can increase stop and go fuel efficiency by 40%

  6. Design Norms • Stewardship • Transparency • Caring

  7. Hybrid Technologies • Electric • Toyota Prius • Flywheel • Formula 1 • Hydraulic • UPS

  8. Benefits of a Hybrid System Regenerative braking Optimal engine performance Decreased brake maintenance

  9. Benefit of Hydraulic Hybrids • Less energy conversions • Electric • Hydraulic

  10. Two Types of Systems Series Parallel www.Eaton.com

  11. Hydraulic System

  12. Hydraulic System: Accelerating

  13. Hydraulic System: Coasting

  14. Hydraulic System: Braking

  15. Prototypes Base Case Hydraulic Hybrid

  16. Base Case Cart:Frame

  17. Base Case Cart: Gas Engine Mounting

  18. Base Case Cart: Drive Train

  19. Hydraulic Hybrid Cart • Removed base case drive train • Retrofitted cart with hydraulic components • Hydraulic Pump • Hydraulic Motor • Accumulators • Reservoir • Hydraulic Valves

  20. Hydraulic Hybrid Cart

  21. Reservoir

  22. Hydraulic Pump

  23. Accumulators

  24. Flow Control Valves

  25. Hydraulic Motor (www.grainger.com)

  26. Other Components • Redundant Brakes • Hydraulic • Mechanical • Linkages • Gas pedal • Brake pedal

  27. Hydraulic Hybrid Retrofit Costs

  28. Test Procedure

  29. Testing Video

  30. Results 52.4% increase in average stop and go fuel economy

  31. Improvements • Different pump or hydraulic motor • Variable displacement motor • Check valves with lower cracking pressure • Design to eliminate minor losses

  32. Business Plan • Target Market • Package delivery, garbage trucks, city buses • Introduction to the market • O.E.M. • Retrofit is to expensive • Potential Savings • Higher gas mileage, lower maintenance costs

  33. Business Plan • Feasibility • High cost on prototype • Pay back period is 19 years at current gas prices ($4.20) • Longer than the life of the vehicle

  34. Obstacles Budget Time Experience with Hydraulic Systems Component Failure

  35. Conclusions • Met our goal! • Met efficiency expectations • Proved our system works • Very expensive system • Learned a lot • Had fun!

  36. Acknowledgements Matt Mills & Kelly Dawley – Vermeer Corporation Vermeer Charitable Foundation – Financial Support Ned Nielsen – Team Advisor RenTubergen – Industrial Consultant Phil Jasperse– Calvin College Metal Shop Charlie Huizinga – Calvin College Physical Plant Bond Fluidaire, Inc – Hydraulic hose and fittings Great Lakes Fluid Power – Accumulator Charging Rex Sheler – Decals Mike Harris – Donor Acquisition Jim Kuipers – Cart Donation Family and Friends

  37. Questions?