***Someverbs can be followedbyeithergerundorinfinitivewithouttherebeinganychange in themeaning: • Like-love-hate-prefer-begin-start-attempt-intend-continue-can’tbear-be accustomedto-be committedto. • Ex: Weallbeganeating\toeatourfoodafter a hard day’swork. • I hateworking\toworkon Sundays. • I do not goout at night .I preferstaying\tostayat home. • I intendtelling\totellhimthetruthabout his performance. • After he took a sipfrom his mug, he continuedtalking\to talk. • ***I likeswimming\toswim.(I enjoyswimming) • When I attend a meeting,I liketowear a blacktie.(I choose it; it is myhabit).
*** We do not say ‘I ambeginniglearning’,we say I am ‘beginnig\startingtolearn.’ Note:Advise-Allow-Encourage-Recommend-Forbid-Permit-Suggest. • Aftertheseverbs,ifthere is not a directobject, weusegerund.But ifthere is, weuse ‘toinfinitive’. • I advisemakinga reservationbeforegoingtothere. • I adviseyoutomakea reservationbeforegoingthere. • He recommendedstayingat homeuntil he gaveme a call. • He recommendmetostay at homeuntil he gaveme a call. • Theydon’tallow\permitsmoking in themeetingroom. • Theydon’tallow\permitpeopletosmoke in themeetingroom. **Peoplearenot allowed\permittedtosmoke in themeetingroom.
***Remember-forget-mean-regret-stop-try-go on: Remember: 1-Remindssthwedid in thepast. I remembermeeting\having met himbefore. • 2-Remindssthwemust do: I remembertorunthegasoffbefore I leftthehome. • Remembertohandin yourtermpapers at theend of thisweek. • Stop: • 1-Togiveupourhobbyorpausefor a while. • Westoppedplayingtennisbecause of thebadweather. • He stoppedeatingfastfoodas he had put on a lot of weight. • 2-Inorderto start sthnew: • I stoppedtogetgas on thewayhome. • Whilechatting, I stoppedto listen tothelastminutenews.
Forget 1-Do not remebersthwedid in thepast: He forgotbeinginvited\havingbeeninvitedtothereception. • I forgottakingpictures on his birthday. 2-Do not remembersthwemust do: I forgottobringmyassigmentfortoday. Try • 1-To do sthwith an effort: • I triedtomovethetable,but it wassoheavy. • He tried hard togeta job in a bank. • 2-To test sthwhether it worksor not: • I triedputtingthetable on theotherside of theroom. • Trysendingan e-mail ifyou can not findhim on thephone.
Mean: 1-Tointendto do sth: I reallydidn’tmeanto hurt yourfeelings. • He meantoleavethejobif he didn’tget a reasonable pay rise. • 2-Sth ( as a consequence) conveythemeaning of sth else. Henry fordsaid,’Qualitymeansdoingit rightwhen no one is looking. • Gettingpreparedforuniversityentranceexammeansworking a lot. • Forget: • 1-To be sorryforsth done in thepast. • I regret not listening\not having listen towhatmyfathersaid. • He regrets not accepting\not havingacceptedthejoboffer. 2-Beforegiving a badnewsweuse it with ‘tell,say,inform’. I regrettotellyouthatyourpricesare not competitiveenough. Weregrettoinformyouthatyourapplication has beenrejected.
Go on 1-Continuewhatwearedoing: • He went on givinghis speechalthoughsbscreamedall of a sudden. • He went on reading his paperwithoutmakinganyresponse. • 2-Afterfinishingsth, continuewithsth else: • Aftertheycameto a conclusionaboutthebudget, theywent on todiscusswhotoassignthe post in thesecondhalf of themeeting.
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs. • I enjoy _______especially Chinese food. (eat ) • They suggested _____ a picnic by the river. (have) • He promised _____his homework. (do) • She learned _____the piano last year. (play ) • We practiced _____ the ball into the goal. (hit) • She wants ____ psychology when she’s older. (study) • We decided ______ a movie on television. (see) • My parents always ______ doing my assignments.(Warn\not\ put off)
End Ahmet Keskin & Mustafa Şahin