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  1. Soil Rivers Groundwater Glaciers Wind and Waves 100 100 100 100 100 200 200 200 200 200 300 300 300 300 300 400 400 400 400 400 500 500 500 500 500

  2. The largest soil texture which drains water rapidly is ________.

  3. Sand

  4. The soil texture which is a combination of the other three textures is ________.

  5. Loam

  6. Acid precipitation would be an example of which type of weathering?

  7. Chemical

  8. What is the difference between weathering and erosion?

  9. Weathering is the breaking down of rock into sediment, and erosion means that the sediment has been moved to a different location.

  10. In addition to organic material, rocks, and sediment, soil contains what other two major components?

  11. Air and Water

  12. The high point that separates watersheds is called a ______.

  13. Divide

  14. Which river system is responsible for draining most of the United States?

  15. Mississippi River System

  16. Define how to calculate the DISCHARGE of a stream.

  17. Depth x Width x Velocity

  18. What is the difference between an alluvial fan and a delta?

  19. Alluvial fans are river deposits on land, and deltas are river deposits found in water.

  20. On which side of a meander would you find deposition?

  21. On the Inside of the Meander

  22. A cone-shaped deposit on the ceiling of a cavern is called a _______.

  23. Stalactite

  24. The type of topography in which you find sinkholes, caverns, and disappearing streams is called ________.

  25. Karst Topography

  26. The layer below the water table in which the pore space is completely filled with water is the zone of _____.

  27. Saturation

  28. A layer of in the ground in which water is stored or in which water can easily pass through is called a(n) ______.

  29. Aquifer

  30. When gravity forces groundwater between two impermeable layers so that water rises to the surface, the result is a(n) _____.

  31. Artesian Well

  32. Large boulders transported great distances by glaciers are called _____.

  33. Erratics

  34. A ridge of glacial till deposited by the glacial ice sheet forms a _____.

  35. Moraine

  36. A round bowl-shaped depression formed where a glacier starts eroding the land is called a _____.

  37. Cirque

  38. Name three features formed by glacial erosion?

  39. Cirque, Horn, Arete, U-shaped Valley, Roche Moutonees, or Hanging Valley

  40. Name four features formed by glacial deposition.

  41. Till, Moraine, Outwash Plain, Kettle, Esker, Drumlin, or Erratic

  42. When the top of a sea arch collapses, what is formed?

  43. Sea Stack

  44. In what direction does the longshore current move?

  45. Parallel to the Shoreline

  46. The leeward side of a sand dune is (more or less) steep than the windward side.

  47. More

  48. A crescent-shaped dune with the tips pointing downwind is called a _____ dune.

  49. Barchan

  50. A dune where sand is plentiful, forming long series of ridges and troughs, and where the wind is blowing across the ridges, forms a _________ dune.