Text Features I Text Features II Text Features III Organizational Structures I Organizational Structures II 100 100 100 100 100 200 200 200 200 200 300 300 300 300 300 400 400 400 400 400 500 500 500 500 500
Column 1-100A name given to a book, play, film, musical composition, or other work
Question Column 1-200 A brief statement or abstract of the main points of a reading selection
Question Column 1-300 The title, subtitle, or topic that stands at the top or beginning, as of a paragraph, letter or chapter.
Question Column 1-400 A statement or essay introducing a book or topic that explains its scope, intention, or background. It is usually written by the author
Question Column 1-500 A note placed at the bottom of a page or book or manuscript that comments on or cites a reference for a designated part of the text or provides further information such as a definition
Question Column 2-100 A short, often boxed auxiliary new story that is printed alongside a longer article and that typically presents additional, contrasting, or late-breaking news.
Question Column 2-200 A list of the subject matter of a written work, in the order which each appears in the work
Question Column 2-300 An image, especially a positive print recorded by a camera and reproduced on a photosensitive surface
Question Column 2-400 An explanation that follows a picture, photograph, or illustration.
Question Column 2-500 An alphabetized list of names, places, and subjects treated in a printed word, giving the page or pages on which each item is mentioned
Question Column 3-100 The dictionary portion of the book that may follow the appendix.
Question Column 3-200 An instructional aid that present information visually, such as a poster, scale model, or videotape
Question Column 3-300 The arrangement and appearance of printed material.
Question Column 3-400 A collection of supplementary material, usually at the end of a book.
Question Column 3-500 The use of standard marks and signs in writing and printing to separate words into sentences, clauses, and phrases in order to clarify meaning.
Paragraph 4-100 More than 600 million girls live in poverty in the developing world. Many of them are not in school and are not given the same opportunities as boys. New programs are aimed at helping girls and their families succeed. Elina Seketsani dreams of being a teacher one day. Elina, 15, is from Dedza, a district near the capital of Malawi, in southeast Africa. Her teachers say she's a smart girl who has a bright future. But just a few years ago, Elina wasn't even sure she would finish the fourth grade. When Elina was 9, she dropped out of school to work as a babysitter. She had to support her family. "I felt sad that other children were going to school when I was not," Elina says. "My hopes of making it as a teacher were shattered.“ In poor countries like Malawi, hunger and disease are part of daily life. So it's not unusual for girls to be pulled from school if their families need extra help. It's also common for girls to be less valued than boys, says Brad Kerner of Save the Children. The organization works with kids in developing nations. "When a family doesn't have money to send all the kids to school, they'll send the boys first," Kerner told TFK. The unequal treatment of girls is a big problem in many parts of the globe. But a new campaign from the Nike Foundation hopes to show everyone that girls can be the solution to ending poverty, disease and other global issues. It's called the "girl effect."
Paragraph Column 4-200 According to the Nike campaign’s “girl effect theory”, one girl can make a positive change in the world, as long as she's given a chance to succeed. An extra year of secondary school can boost a girl's earnings by as much as 25%. If the 600 million girls in the developing world who live in poverty increased their earnings, it could lift the world economy. Studies show that women are more likely than men to spend their paychecks on their families. With women working, children are more likely to stay in school, be better fed and be healthier.
Question Column 4-300 During the months from May to September, the Loggerhead turtle comes ashore to nest at night. First the turtle crawls out of the sea to the beach in search of the right place to build a nest for its eggs. Once the location is identified, the turtle digs a hole with its flippers that measures 8" wide and 18" deep. Next, the turtle lays around 120 eggs the size of ping pong balls. The turtle then covers the nest by throwing sand over the nest with its flippers. The turtle does this to protect the eggs from predators. Finally, the turtle makes its way back to the sea, and does not return to attend to the nest.
Question Column 4-400 The wolf spider and the crab spider, like all spiders, have eight legs and two main body parts: the abdomen and the cephalothorax. Each of these spiders has a pair of large eyes and as many as six smaller eyes. They bite their prey with fang-tipped sharp jaws. The fangs inject poison into their prey. Chemicals are injected that turn the prey’s insides to liquid food. The spiders then suck up the liquid food.
Question Column 4-500 Katrina—one of the most devastating storms to hit the US—ripped through a number of southern US states. Because of flooding, millions of people have been left without homes, and 80% of the city of New Orleans is under water. New Orleans is below sea level and the barricades—called levees—that normally keep the water out of the city can't cope with the amount of water, so the water level is getting higher. The floods have left many people climbing on to roofs for shelter from the rising water, hoping helicopters and boats will be able to rescue them. Tens of thousands of people have been taken to the city's Superdome sports stadium for shelter, but even that is running out of space. Harrison County in the state of Mississippi was worst-hit by Hurricane Katrina, especially in the towns of Biloxi and Gulfport. It's thought it could cost as much as $25m to repair all the damage the hurricane has caused the US.
Question Column 5-100 Your personality is shaped by your position in the family--whether you're the first born in the family or an only child. Some people are surprised to find that only children and first-born children share many traits in common. For example, only-borns are the mega-movers of the world. They are task-orientated; tend to be extremely well organized, highly conscientious and dependable. They are As a negative, both only children and first-borns can be a bit "know-it-all." Often they are poor at sharing responsibilities--mostly because they don't trust other people as much as they trust themselves. They also tend to be bossy, perfectionists and overly-conscientious. In contrast to first-borns, however, only children usually don't accept criticism well. They seem very sensitive, and their feelings are easily hurt.keen on facts, ideas and details and feel extremely comfortable with responsibility. Likewise, oldest children are natural leaders and often high achievers. The majority of politicians, spokespersons and managing directors are first-borns.
Question Column 5-200 Dennis lowered collecting bottles on ropes. The bottles had triggers so Dennis could open them at different depths. This allowed him to collect some water samples from near the surface and others from deep in the lakes. The first water samples the scientist collected showed that some of the lakes were completely dead. Nothing had survived the heat, gases, and choking ash of the eruption. Just a few weeks later, Dennis used microscopes to look at new water samples he had collected from the same lakes. He was amazed to see algae, protozoan, and bacteria living in the water. Within several months, small crustaceans—animals that feed on algae and bacteria—began to reappear in some of the lakes (Hidden Worlds: Looking Through a Scientist’s Microscope).
Question Column 5-300 The government of Brazil says that the destruction of the Amazon rainforest has fallen by 50% this year. It believes this is the result of new protection policies. Environmental groups warn it is too soon to be sure that there has been a long-term reversal in the decline of the world's largest rainforest. Marina da Silva, environment minister, said some 3,475 square miles of forest was cut in the last year. This is half the amount in 2003-4. Environmental groups welcome the news. But they say that the news must be treated with caution. They say that the figures are still estimates from satellite pictures. Cloud cover can make these pictures inaccurate. Still, it is good to see that protection policies may be working. The government of Brazil says that the destruction of the Amazon rainforest has fallen by 50% this year. It believes this is the result of new protection policies. Environmental groups warn it is too soon to be sure that there has been a long-term reversal in the decline of the world's largest rainforest.
Question Column 5-400 Schools in Mexico were shut down last week. Public events were canceled. Mexico is at the center of a swine flu outbreak. By April 29, more than 2,000 cases and 100 deaths were suspected there. Swine A/H1N1 influenza is a respiratory disease of pigs. Humans do not normally get swine flu. But when they do, infections can spread from person to person. The flu has made its way to other countries. Last week, cases were confirmed in the United States, Canada, Europe, Israel and New Zealand. Governments are taking steps to stop the spread of the illness. No one wants a pandemic, or worldwide outbreak. In 1918, the "Spanish flu" killed an estimated 40 to 50 million people worldwide. But the world is better prepared for a flu outbreak today. Antiviral drugs can help fight flu. Doctors and hospitals are better equipped than they were 100 years ago. On Wednesday, President Barack Obama said that the government "will do whatever is necessary to control the impact of this virus." He has asked Congress for $1.5 billion to fight an outbreak. Doctors say that you can help stop the spread of flu by practicing good hygiene. Wash your hands often with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. When you cough or sneeze, cover your mouth with a tissue. Throw it in the trash. If you don't have a tissue, cough or sneeze into your arm. Tell your parents if you are not feeling well. Stay home if you are sick.
Question Column 5-500 We get up every day at 6 AM to get ready for school. We spend seven hours sitting in uncomfortable desks. With the exception of students enrolled in gym, the limited exercise we receive is provided from walking to and fro between our classes. We, the students of Lake High School, deserve a break from our long boring day to refocus, revive, and reestablish our learning ability. Physical Education should be a main class in every student’s schedule because it would make the school function better by making the general population fit and focused by giving the students a break to allow them to get their concentration back; furthermore, more Physical Education at Lake would lessen the amount of obesity in the school. In case I’m not being clear I am suggesting that we add a Physical Education class into every student’s schedule. Physical Education would be like lunch for example; however, the students should be able to pick what Physical Education class to take (swimming, walking club, and regular gym are some examples). This would extend the school day but at the same time would help the students get through the day faster. The entire school would function better with Physical education. It’s been proven that when exposed to exercise students are better able to stay awake and alert. For example, a study was conducted in Trois Rivieres, Ontario, Canada with 546 primary school students who received an additional five hours per week of physical education. At the end of six years and throughout the last five years of the study, the children in the experimental group had consistently better academic grades and achievement in physical education as compared to their counterparts in the control group. Putting a larger Physical Education program in schools would allow students to get through the day without feeling tired, and it would help them be more efficient by giving them a break during their long day. There new alertness in school would reflect their grades which would cause better test scores for Lake. After all, would you want students who are falling asleep like hibernating bears