430 likes | 723 Vues
SLOVENIA. SLOVENIA. SLOVENIA. Area: 20,273 km2 ( slightly smaller than New Jersey ) Population: 1,964,036 Capital city: Ljubljana Language: Slovene; in nationally mixed areas, also Italian and Hungarian Currency: Euro (EUR) Important dates: Independence - 25 June 1991,
E N D
SLOVENIA Area: 20,273 km2 ( slightly smaller than New Jersey ) Population: 1,964,036 Capital city: Ljubljana Language: Slovene; in nationally mixed areas, also Italian and Hungarian Currency: Euro (EUR) Important dates: Independence - 25 June 1991, Member of EU - 1 May 2004 The Republic of Slovenia lies at the heart of Europe, where the Alps and the Mediterranean meet the Pannonian plains and the mysterious Karst. To the north is Austria; to the east, Hungary; to the south, Croatia; and to the west, Italy.Slovenia became an independent state in 1991 and a member of the EU on May 1, 2004.
So far, more than 1,000 Dinaric karst caves have been explored. The density of karst caves here is 1 to 1.5 per square kilometre. The Postojna Cave (Postonjska jama) is one of the most beautiful and most visited caves in the world.
Proteus anguinus The proteus or olm, known locally as "human fish", was discovered in the Karst. This endemic animal is considered to be the trademark of Slovene speleology.
The variety of wildlife in the Slovene forests - with a little luck you might encounter a bear, especially in the forests of Kocevje area.
Environmental protection Approximately 8% of the Slovenia's territory is specially protected; the largest area with such a regime is the Triglav National Park with a surface area of 848 km2. The Škocjan Caves were entered on the world heritage list at UNESCO in 1986, and the Sečovlje saltpans and Cerknica Lake are included on the Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance. Cerknica lake
Slovenia is home to more than 50,000 animal species and 3,000 plant species.
Sports Young Slovenes enjoy sports. The most popular sport activities in Slovenia are cycling and skiing.
LEON STUKELJ The first great achievements of Slovenian sportsmen and sportswomen in the history of world sports were mainly in gymnastics. Particularly famous was Leon Štukelj (1898-1999), who, between 1922 and 1936, won eight gold, four silver and five bronze medals in three Olympic Games and three World Championships. The unforgettable Leon Štukelj died in 1999 shortly before he could celebrate his 101st birthday. In 1996, he was invited to the Olympic Games in Atlanta as a guest of honour, where he was enthusiastically welcomed by thousands of spectators, including then US President Clinton, who again met Štukelj during his visit to Slovenia in June 2000.
Food and Drink Slovenia is also known for its great wines and delicious traditional food.
Valentin Vodnik's cookbook, published in 1799 is a proof that food has always been very important to us.
Arts and Culture Our famous poet France Prešeren started the modern Slovenian colture. He is also the writer of our national anthem, called The Toast. God's blessing on all nations, Who long and work for that bright day, When o'er earth's habitations No war, no strife shall hold its sway; Who long to see That all men free No more shall foes, but neighbours be. Architecture has a special place in Slovenia's cultural heritage, and the most famous Slovene architect is Jože Plečnik (1872-1957), a pioneer of Slovene and European modern architecture. We can admire his work in Vienna, Prague and of course Ljubljana.
Jurij Vega (1754-1802) is the foremost Slovene mathematician and author of several textbooks on higher mathematics. At the school for artillery officers, he became interested in geodesy, ballistics, and ballooning along with mathematics and physics. An expert on logarithms, he published the Small Book of Logarithms (1793), the Large Book of Logarithms (1794), and Logarithm Tables for General Use (1797) and wrote treatises on the metric and kilogram systems. Young mathematicians in Slovenia compete each year for the Vega Badge award. Famous Slovenes
Jacobus Gallus (1550-1591), a leading composerof the 16th century, was educated in various monasteries in Central Europe and began his music career in Vienna. Later, he worked mainly in Olomouc and Prague, where he was chapelmaster at the Church of St. Jan. He was a recognized and very respected composer in his time. His opus includes sixteen Masses in four volumes, and he set liturgical and biblical texts to music in 374 motets; with his collection OpusBmusicum, he ranks among the most important European composers of motets. On the basis of Latin texts, he set fifty-three secular choruses to music in three book collections. While not strictly madrigals, they strongly resemble them in expressiveness and form. The largest hall in the Cankarjev dom Cultural and Congress Center in Ljubljana is named after Gallus.
Slovenian folk music National pop musicians dressed in traditional costumes still have a place in many people's hearts. The popularity of national pop music (culture) can easily be compared to the popularity of country music in rural USA. Frankie Yankovic was a polka musician. Known as America's Polka King, he was the premier artist to play in the Slovenian style. Of Slovenian descent, he was from Cleveland, Ohio. Yankovic released over 200 recordings in his career. In 1986 he was awarded the first ever Grammy in the Best Polka Recording category.
Slovenians in the USA Areas with significant Slovenian American population Chicago, Illinois Cleveland, Ohio Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Notable Americans with Slovenian origins: 3 (at least) former or current United States Senators: Tom Harkin, George Voinovich, Frank Lausche 7 congressmen: John Blatnik, James Oberstar, Dennis Kucinich... 7 admirals: Ronald Zlatoper, Jerome Edward Rupnik, F. William Petrovic,... 3 astronauts: Ronald Sega, Jerry Michael Linenger, Sunita Williams 2 authors: Louis Adamič, Edward Gobetz 9 bishops: Friderik Irenej Baraga,... 3 state governors: Frank Lausche- Ohio, George Voinovich - Ohio,... 10 generals: Ferdinand Chesarek, John Stephan Lekson, Warren Joseph Pezdirtz, Stanley Gorenc, Frank Gorenc, ... 2 musicians: Frankie Yankovic (America's Polka King), Micky Dolenz (Drummer/Singer of "The Monkees") August Pust, a retired functionary of the Ohio government 3 NASA employees: Dušan Petrač, Anton Mavrentič, Janez Repar Charles Kuralt, journalist
Some more Slovenians and Slovenia in USA Melania Knaus
WE ARE WAITING FOR YOU. COME AND VISIT US SOON.