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SLOVENIA. Sunčica Frković Nives Voloder. General informations about Republic of Slovenia. country in Central Europe
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SLOVENIA Sunčica Frković Nives Voloder
General informations about Republic of Slovenia country in Central Europe bordering Italy to the west, the Adriatic Sea to the southwest, Croatia to the south and east, Hungary to the northeast, and Austria to the north. area of 20,273 km2 it has 2,005,692 inhabitants capital of Slovenia is Ljubljana
Slovenia is a democratic republic and a social state governed by law • State's authority is based on the principle of the separation of legislative, executive and judicial powers, with a parliamentary system of government • main industries are car parts, chemicals, electronics, electrical appliances, metal goods, textiles and furniture
Political views • 1918, the Slovenes joined the Serbs and Croats in forming a new multinational state, which was named Yugoslavia in 1929 • Dissatisfied with the exercise of power by the majority Serbs, the Slovenes succeeded in establishing their independence in 1991 after a short 10-day war • Slovenia is a member of the European Unionand NATOsince the spring of 2004. • It has highest GDP in Central Europe • economy has one of highest levels of state control in the EU
Ethnic groups: Slovene 83.1%, Serb 2%, Croat 1.8%, Bosniak 1.1%, other or unspecified 12% • Religions: Catholic 57.8%, Muslim 2.4%, Orthodox 2.3%, other Christian 0.9%, unaffiliated 3.5%, other or unspecified 23%, none 10.1%
In 1995 the National Prison Administration was established as a body within the Ministry of Justice • The National Prison Administration carries out administrative and expert tasks pertinent to serving of sentences, - organisation and management of prisons and the correctional home, - ensuring of financial, - material, staff, technical and other conditions for the operation of prisons, - staff training and exercise rights and obligations of persons deprived of liberty
In Slovenia prison sentences are served insix prisonswith facilities at 13 different locations • The largest is central Dob Prison • The Juvenile Correctional Home also operates within the Administration!!
The affairs and competences of the Slovenian Prison Administration are carried out by the following organisational units: • Head Office • Dob Prison and its open and semi-open unit in Slovenska Vas • Ig Prison • Celje Prison and Juvenile Prison • Koper Prison and its Nova Gorica department • Ljubljana Prison with departments in Novo Mesto, Radovljica and Ig open unit • Maribor Prison and its Murska Sobota department and Rogoza open departments • Radeče Correctional Home(institution for juveniles)
looking at the weight of crime and guilt taking into account the circumstances in which the crimes is done • The Court must explain the choice of criminal sanctions
1. Penalties-- Prison, fine, prohibition of operating a motor vehicle, the persecution of foreigners from the country 2. Action alerts-- suspended, suspended with protective supervision, judicial admonition
3. Safety measures-- prohibition to conduct activities, required Psychiatric treatment in the institution, Psychiatric treatment from freedom, treatment of addiction, withdrawal of subjects, withdrawal of driving license 4. Educational measures (only for minors)
Prison sentence - Minimum sentence is 15 days and maximum 15 years, 20 years specifically in the case of multiple recidivisam or juncture - for the worst crimes from 15 to 30 years • Fine - as a primary or as a secondary punishment - Minimum is 5 daily incomes and a maximum 360 daily incomes in maturity of 15 days to 3 months - If it is not possible, for each 2 day revenue (or 42E) is determined by 1 day of prisons,not more than 6 months
Prohibition of operating a motor vehicle - minor punishment, does not interfere with the security measure of seizure of driver's license - for the perpetrators of crimes against the security of public transport - Duration: from 3 months to 1 year from the Legal Validity judgments • Persecution of foreigners from the country - Always is expressed as a minor punishment, lasting from 1 to 10 years of Legal Validity judgments, time in prison are not counted
The categories of prisoners are as follows: • sentenced prisoners, • remand prisoners, • persons sentenced to prison in misdemeanours procedures, • juvenile prisoners and • young people in the correctional facility.
In accordance with EU standards, the overall prison capacity is 1103 prisoners under the prescribed standards (9 m2 for single rooms and 7 m2 per person for double and multiplebed rooms)
Detention departments are organized within particular institutions at nine locations • Inside the prisons, the sentenced prisoners must be kept separate from persons sentenced in misdemeanours procedures, juveniles from adults, men from women • Each prison has an open, semi-open and closed unit which differ by the degree of security applied and the restrictions placed on the freedom of movement of their inmates.
DOB PRISON SLOVENSKA VAS SEMI-OPEN AND OPEN UNIT(for men) • Categories of prisoners: sentenced prisoners (male) • Capacity: 233
IG PRISON (women) • Categories of prisoners: sentenced female prisoners, remand female prisoners and women sentenced to prison in misdemeanours procedures, female juveniles sentenced to juvenile prison. • Capacity: 79
CELJE PRISON AND JUVENILE PRISON • Categories of prisoners: sentenced male and female prisoners, remand male and female prisoners, persons sentenced to prison in misdemeanours procedures, juveniles sentenced to juvenile prison. • Capacity: 96
KOPER PRISON, NOVA GORICA UNIT • Categories of prisoners: sentenced male and female prisoners, remand male and female prisoners, persons sentenced to prison in misdemeanours procedures. • Capacity: 110
KOPER PRISON, NOVA GORICA UNIT • Categories of prisoners: sentenced prisoners, remand prisoners, persons sentenced to prison in a misdemeanours procedure. • Capacity: 32
LJUBLJANA PRISON • Categories of prisoners: sentenced prisoners, remand prisoners, persons sentenced to prison in misdemeanours procedures. • Capacity: 128
LJUBLJANA PRISON, RADOVLJICA UNIT • Categories of prisoners: sentenced prisoners, remand prisoners, persons sentenced to prison in misdemeanours procedures. • Capacity: 22
LJUBLJANA PRISON, NOVO MESTO UNIT • Categories of prisoners: sentenced prisoners, remand male and female prisoners, persons sentenced to prison in a misdemeanours procedure. • Capacity: 35
LJUBLJANA PRISON, IG OPEN UNIT • Categories of prisoners: sentenced prisoners, persons sentenced to prison in misdemeanours procedures. • Capacity: 27
MARIBOR PRISON • Categories of prisoners: sentenced male and female prisoners, remand male and female prisoners, persons sentenced to prison in misdemeanours procedures. • Capacity: 133
MARIBOR PRISON, ROGOZA OPEN UNIT • Category of prisoners: sentenced prisoners. • Capacity: 36
MARIBOR PRISON, MURSKA SOBOTA UNIT • Categories of prisoners: sentenced prisoners, remand male and female prisoners, persons sentenced to prison in misdemeanours procedures. • Capacity: 41
RADEČE CORRECTIONAL FACILITY • Categories of prisoners: young persons sent to the correctional facility as an educational measure. • Capacity : 68
Employes • 798 civil servants • prisoners are provided for by the treatment staff, consisting of different experts such as: - psychologists, - training staff, - social workers, - therapists, - health care staff and the staff organizing the work of the prisoners, consisting mostly of instructors
Budget The budget of the Prison Administration of the RS for 2004 amounted EUR 25,208,545.
Number of inmates • Since 1996, when the number of inmates in Slovenia was the lowest since the Second World War • until 2001, the number of inmates has been constantly increasing and has nearly doubled by the end of this period
Overcrowding of Penal Institutions • Since the year 2000 • Most overcrowded: the largest prisons Dob and Maribor • Least overcrowded: women's prison at Ig and the juvenile correctional institution at Radeče.
The problem is being solved by redistributing inmates from more crowded to less crowded rooms, departments and institutions • they also try to alleviate the negative consequences of overcrowding (prevention of conflicts,emphasized concern for hygiene, medical care, etc.) by applying different measures
Security situation • a stable security situation in prisons and the correctional institution • number of escapes and other emergency situations is notincreasing • the number of escapes from theclosed parts of the prisons has been reduced in recent years
Specialised Tretment of Prisoners • In all prisons, well-established methods of group and individual work, basedon socio-therapeutic methods of working with prisoners, have been regularlyimplemented • number of drug addicts among prisoners with the adoption of a strategy on the treatment of drug addicts within the national strategy • They aim was to establish so-called "drug-free" departments, and thereforethe systematic training of staff is now being carried out in the prisons
Drugfree departments were established at Dob, Radeče, Celje and Ig • The prisons in Maribor and Koper are going forward with preparations for implementing this important measure • Projects of health education for the prevention of contagious diseases (AIDS, hepatitis, TBC) are underway • Upon the recommendation of the healthcare service, voluntary and confidential testing is provided to the prisoners, as well as counselling before and after testing,vaccination against hepatitis B, the use of disinfectants, latex gloves and condoms
A suicide prevention strategy was also adopted • The systematic training ofprison staff in order to recognize the suicidal risks of the prisoners upon theirincarceration has started • strategy for dealing with the perpetrators of sexual assaults is beingprepared • The respective training involving the specialised institutional staffwho will deal with the perpetrators of criminal acts against sexual inviolability • treatment is effected under the regular supervision of anexternal expert