The Presentation Process: the six steps 3. Structure your presentation 1. Identify the purpose and objective 2. Consider your audience 6. Deliver the presentation 5. Practise the presentation 4. Prepare notes and visual aids
1. What is the purpose of your oral presentation? • What are you hoping to achieve? • Being clear about its purpose helps you to know what to include or omit.
2. Why is it important to consider your audience? • The presentation involves both the speaker and the audience. • The audience plays an important role in how well the presentation goes. • You need to capture your audience by selecting words and information that the audience is able to understand and assimilate in a short period of time.
3. Structure • Tell them what you are going to tell them. • Tell them. • Tell them what you told them.
The Introduction • An attention grabber • Background information • A clear thesis statement Include the following in your introduction:
The Attention Grabber Provocative Statement A Shocking Fact A Surprising Anecdote Exciting the audience’s curiosity A striking image
The Attention Grabber “Does anybody live in a place like this?”
The Body • Accurate researched details • Smooth and logical order of ideas • Make sure the points back-up your thesis statement. Include the following in your body:
The Conclusion • Restate the thesis statement. • Restate the supporting arguments. • End with a prediction, suggestion or a rhetorical question. Include the following in your conclusion:
4. How do you remember what you want to present? • Use cue-cards • Use visual-aids as notes
Studies show that approximately 83 % occurs visually and only 11 % through hearing. Audio-visual impact
5. How to prepare for your oral presentation • Practice in front of friends • Practice in front of the mirror • Record yourself and work on the weak points.
6. Delivering the oral presentation • Have your outline completed. • Make sure that your cue-cards are easy to read. • Don’t forget to bring your USB if you will use a PowerPoint. Before the presentation:
6. Delivering the oral presentation • Speak loudly enough for everyone in the class to hear you. • Stand-up straight and face the audience front-on. • Hold your head up high— show that your confident! • Talk in a natural way! Don’t be a robot!!! • Vary your gestures. During the presentation:
In Summary…. urpose P R E P A R E esearch xperiment with visual aids lan your ideas udience ehearse your presentation arly-prepare early to avoid rushing.