Oral presentation is the art of delivering a speech or a presentation on a one to one basis or before a group of people.
A good presentation can have great impact on the audience as it will help the audience understand and remember the subject. A good presentation should be systematic, effective and organized.
Stages in Oral Presentation • The Introduction Your introduction could contain the following information: • Your name • Background of the topic • Purpose of the presentation • Method of gathering information of topic
The Body • This is an important stage of the presentation. • Explain all the main points of the topic and give necessary examples and illustrations for the audience to understand. • Highlight some interesting or significant findings of the topic.
The Conclusion The presentation should conclude with a well-planned ending. You can end your presentation by giving :- • A summary • Emotional Responses • Recommendations
A BAD PRESENTATION • Reading directly from the slide of a PowerPoint presentation without adding any additional information. • Speaking in monotone and not engaging the audience. • Talking too fast or too slow.
A BAD PRESENTATION • Waiting until the end of the presentation to take questions from the audience. • Staring at notes, handouts, or the floor. • Overburdening audience with too much information. • Not having a backup plan when there are technical difficulties (e.g. power failures, equipment malfunctions)
A BAD PRESENTATION • Not knowing the topic of your presentation well enough. • Memorisingthe content and not prepared to take questions from the audience. • Choosing inappropriate design template or theme for your PowerPoint slides.
A BAD PRESENTATION • Using unusual colour combinations on the slides which make reading difficult. • Using small and script type fonts which are hard to read on the screen. • Adding too many photos and complicated looking graphs.
A BAD PRESENTATION • Presenting too many slides. • Using too much of animations and sounds that can distract the audience. • Not practicing your presentation/speech
A GOOD PRESENTATION • Elaborate on the main ideas with additional information. • Face the audience when you present to make eye contact and project your voice better. • Talk to your audience in a conversational style and maintain an enthusiastic tone of voice.
A GOOD PRESENTATION • Practice your presentation out loud a few times before your time to present. • Maintain a consistent rhythm in your speech. • Make sure the audience understands the topic of your presentation by providing sufficient background information.
A GOOD PRESENTATION • Give the audience enough time to ask for clarification, provide input or add points which may be useful to you and other audience members. • Prepare backup that you could use in the event of technical glitches (e.g. visuals, support materials, printed copies of your slides, whiteboard)
A GOOD PRESENTATION • Know your topic well that you will be prepared to do the presentation without PowerPoint or be prepared for questions from the audience at any time. • Use the PowerPoint slide show as an accompaniment to your speech not as your presentation. • Design your presentation in a simple way to help audience retain the information better.
A GOOD PRESENTATION • Choose an appropriate design template or theme with neat and straightforward layout. • Keep the colour scheme consistent on all slides. • Use the easy-to-read fonts such as Arial or Times New Roman. • Use no more than 2 different fonts and should be no less that 30pt
A GOOD PRESENTATION • Use photos, charts or diagrams only to enhance or emphasize the main points of your presentation. • Keep the number of slides to a minimum. • Minimal use of animations and sounds in your presentation to avoid distractions.
A GOOD PRESENTATION • Check out the room and all equipment beforehand to ensure the smooth running of your presentation. • Close the presentation by thanking the audience.
REFERENCES • http://sfl.ieu.edu.tr/docs/tdu/publications/A%20Nonverbal%20Communication%20Lesson%20 %5BLesson%20Plan%20Version%5D%20(Dilek%20Eryilmaz,%20Steve%20Darn).pdf • http://www.osha.gov/doc/outreachtraining/htmlfiles/traintec.html • http://k6educators.about.com/cs/helpforteachers/a/impromptuspeech.htm