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Perfume Science

Perfume Science

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Perfume Science

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  1. Perfume Science The art and science of making scents

  2. Senses • Smell • Taste • Touch • Sight • Hear Smell is the only sense that you must do! Why?

  3. Sense of Smell • Human’s can distinguish 4,000-10,000 unique scents

  4. Physiology of Smell • When we breath we smell though our Olfactory System • 10,000,000 olfactory cells (with cilia (microscopic hairs)

  5. Olfactory System • The smells go to the olfactory bulb then passed on to our brain • Limbic system receives message and this controls our moods and feelings

  6. Limbic System • Controls moods, feelings and helps long term memory management • This helps explain why we can remember smells

  7. Olfactory Cortex • Strong smells passed to the Olfactory Cortex where the smell is identified (without this we could not recognize smells) • The Smell filing cabinet or Hard Drive

  8. How well can we remember smells? Smell Memory • 4x4=16 Cards for the game • Match the scents • The winner has the most pairs (like normal memory) • When you have a pair you go again

  9. History of Perfume • 1st appeared 5,000 years ago by priests in Mesopotamia • Perfume “from smoke” since aromas released when aromatic plants are heated

  10. History of Perfume • Egypt about 3000 B.C. • During recessions people complained about rationing of perfumes and creams!

  11. History of Perfume • The Greeks and Romans also delighted in perfume—wealthy Romans took baths in perfumed water. Until the 19th century, bad smells were thought to be the source of sickness and disease. During outbreaks of the bubonic plague, medieval doctors would protect themselves with masks and perfume. In the court of Louis XIV, King of France, bathing in water too often was thought to be unhealthy, so perfumes were used obsessively in order to mask the disagreeable smell in the royal palace.

  12. History of Perfume • Louis XV’s lady spent $220,000 on perfume in the 1700’s • France • Bathing was considered unhygienic (since moist meat and fruits went rotten unless dried)

  13. History of Perfume • Body Odor • Not until Louis Pasteur in the 1800’s did man realize that bathing was good for health • True Perfume is very expensive

  14. History of Pefume • The name of the perfume product is based on the concentration of perfume oil % • Perfume- >22% • Eau de Parfum- 15-22% • Eau de Toilette-8-15% • Cologne <5%

  15. History of Perfume • The most expensive perfume list • Clive Christian's Imperial Majesty: $215,000 (16.90z) • 5 Carol White Diamond • Baccarat Chrystal Top

  16. History of Perfume • #4 Most Expensive • Chanel's Chanel No. 5: $1,850 (15.2oz)

  17. Perfume Today • How is a fragrance captured? • Any Ideas?

  18. Releasing Fragrence • Brewing scents (tea for example)

  19. Releasing Fragerence • Enfleurge- extracting fragrance with fat

  20. How much raw material does it take to make 1 kg of perfume oil? • 1,000 kg rose flower • 700 kg Geranium flowers • 1,700 kg of orange rind • 500 kg of pine needles

  21. Perfume Evaporates in 3 Steps • Head Note- 1st impression • Heart Note-only perceived after 15+ minutes • Base note-can last all day (underlying base)

  22. Fragrance Wheel

  23. Now we will make perfumes!

  24. Perfume Science

  25. Experiment 1 • Training your nose

  26. Experiment 2: • Your unique nose

  27. Perfume Oils • Name Fragrance Type • FLORY FLOWERY • WOODY WOOD-LIKE • LEMONY CITRUS LIKE • MUSKY SPICY-COOL • Name Fragrance Type • TROPICA FRUITY • MENTHA MINTY • MELLA SPICY-SWEET • ORIENTA SPICY-COOL FINALIO- THE FRAGRANT FINSH 1 OR 2 DROPS/PER DROP OF PERFUME OIL AFTER YOU LOVE YOUR SCENT Basic Perfume Oils Creative Perfume Oils