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Spain: One Nation or Many?

Spain: One Nation or Many?

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Spain: One Nation or Many?

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  1. Spain: One Nation or Many? Mr. Alvaro “Tito” Alvarez, Center for Hispanic Studies, KSU Ms. Roberta Griffin, Director of Galleries, KSU Ms. Maria Rubert, Student, KSU

  2. SPAIN IS DIFFERENT

  3. Many “Spains” in One

  4. Buñol: La Tomatina

  5. Madrid

  6. The Coast…

  7. Barcelona

  8. Sevilla

  9. Córdoba

  10. Asturias

  11. Pamplona

  12. La Comida

  13. El Lado Negativo…

  14. Entonces, qué nos une?

  15. Fútbol, Pasión Nacional

  16. La Siesta, la Regla más Respetada

  17. La Religión

  18. Juan Carlos I

  19. Tortilla Española

  20. The Roots • The first settlers in the Iberian peninsula: Iberians (1500 B.C.) • Celts: The Central Plateau and the North (1000 B.C.) • Celt Iberians: fusion between Celts and Iberians • Greeks and Phoenicians • Cartagineses • Tartessos (700 – 600 B.C.) The first occidental urban culture

  21. The Roots • The Romans defeat Cartagineses (300 B.C.) • The Latin Language • The Legislative System • Agricultural Expansion • Catholic Religion • Demographic Growth

  22. The Middle Ages • V (collapse of the Roman Empire) – XV (Unification of Spain) • 5th Century - Invasion of Germans and Francs • 414 – Visigoths, Germanic Tribes • 711 – Moorish invasion • 929 – Flourishing Muslim-Spanish Culture

  23. The Middle Ages • X – XI: The Golden Age of Sephardic and Moorish Cultures and Sciences • XII – XIV: Christians and Moors, the North and the South. La Reconquista • XV: The Catholic Kings

  24. 1492 • Expulsion of the Jews and Moors • Christopher Columbus’s Discovery • The First Spanish Grammar: Antonio de Nebrija. Spanish becomes the national language • Spanish declared its political/cultural identity • Kingdom expansion

  25. Immigration Hispanics US • Similarity with Spain • Influences: Culture, Language, Religion, Educational System • Spanish Identity: Multiple, diverse, controversial • U.S. Africans, European, Latinos • “Mirar al Polo”: Look at the NORTH • American Ideology, Culture, Education System

  26. Hispanics • Largest minority in the USA • # Hispanics U.S. 35.3 • 59% between 18-64 • 31.1 % born outside U.S. • 12 % in the U.S. • Hispanic Families: 85% of total population • Large Group: 4-5

  27. Hispanics • Spanish Influence: • Americans Learn Spanish • Food • Provide Services Spanish Population • Wal-Mart • Invasion?????? • Americanization of Latino Countries • Mutual Process • Globalization

  28. Origin

  29. Regional Distribution

  30. Hispanics 1990 Hispanics 2000 Increase % Change NorthEast 3,754,389 5,254,087 1,499,698 39.95% Midwest 1,726,509 3,124,532 1,398,023 80.97% South 6,767,021 11,586,696 4,819,675 71.22% West 10,106,140 15,340,503 5,234,363 51.79% USA 22,354,059 35,305,818 12,951,759 57.94% Growth Latino Population

  31. Hispanic Generations • 1st • Don’t speak English • Preserve their culture • Adapt new situations • Replacing old habits • 45-75 Age

  32. Hispanic Generations • 2nd • More Difficulties • Not Latinos, but not yet Americans • Culture being shaped by ambiguity • Same level of proficiency both Languages • NEW COMERS

  33. Hispanic Generations • 3rd • English: Official Language • Know the traditions, do NOT follow them • Losing Identity • Becoming Americans

  34. Have Hispanics ever had their IDENTITY???????

  35. 1492 America was “discovered” • Tribes lost Identity • New Nation: people mixing together • “A Hundred Years of Solitude”: Latino Identity and the search for it • Americanization: Identity is being transformed again

  36. Life Spiral • Centuries Ago: Spanish Identity formed • Hispanics, descendants of Spanish, being exposed to changes again • Americans: “Invaded” by Hispanics • LIFE GOES LIKE A SPIRAL