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B. Water PowerPoint Presentation

B. Water

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B. Water

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  1. B. Water • Needed by but not • created by living things • Created by living things • Contain carbon as central atom • Also contain hydrogen

  2. Water – inorganic molecule, essential to ALL life 1. Chemistry of Water • Water is bonded by a polar covalent bond = electrons are unequally shared between O and H • OVERALL – the molecule has a polar nature • Meaning – one end is slightly positive and one end is negative

  3. Water is a bent, polar molecule

  4. 2. Hydrogen Bonding • Between water molecules there are HYDROGEN bonds • Definition – H –Bonds A chemical bond in which a hydrogen atom of one molecule is attracted to an negative atom, - of another molecule

  5. A. Properties of Water Adhesiveness • Creates surface tension- aquatic insects can travel on surface High Specific Heat Capacity • help regulate body temperature • Water requires a large amount of energy to changes temperature

  6. Properties (cont.) Universal solvent – water will dissolve many solutes -blood carries dissolved solutes -oceans carry dissolved solutes Transparent in Nature- Aquatic environments for photosynthesis Lubricant – swallowing, joints

  7. II. Acids, Bases and Buffers When water DISSOCIATES H = OH This is a neutral solution (pH 7)

  8. Acids • When the concentration of the H ion is greater than the concentration of the OH ion then we have an acid. • Ex. HCl in stomach • Ex. Lemon juice • How do acids taste??

  9. Bases • When the [ OH] is greater than [H] then we have a base. • Ex – ammonia, oven cleaner

  10. pH & pH Scale • is a measure of the concentration of hydrogen ions that are free in a system • High [H] LESS pH • LowRanges from 0 to 14 pH Scale • 0 to 7 = Acidic • 7 = neutral = water • 8-14=basic or alkaline

  11. Buffers • A compound that tends to maintain a solution at a constant pH by accepting or releasing hydrogen ions • Ex. Bicarbonate ion