Participle • Present participle • Caesar vicensGalliampraedam ad Romamportabit. • Perfect participle • Caesar vulneratus et victusverbafecit. • Future participle • Caesar victurusGalliamconsulemcreatus est.
Use of the infinitive • #1-subjective • used as the subject of the sentence • E.g.-To win the corona civicameant you saved a citizen’s life during a battle.
Videreestcredere. • To see is to believe.
Spectarestellasestplacidum. • To watch stars is placid.
Use of the infinitive • #2=Objective • used as the object of the sentence • E.g.Romans tried for fifteen year(218-203BC) to rid their land of Hannibal.
Romani temptaveruntvincereGermaniam. • Romans tried to conquer Germany.
Possum scribere. • I am able to write.
Uses of the infinitive • #3-Indirect Statement • After main verbs of ….
SAYING DICO CLAMO NUNTIO lOQUOR
KNOWING PUTO SCIO INTELLEGO CREDO
THINKING PUTO COGNOSCO OSTENDO DOCEO
PERCEIVING, VIDEO AUDIO OLFACIO SENTIO TANGO
Latin will use an infinitiveas the verb of the dependent clause and the subject of the dependent clause will be in the accusative case. • E.g.-Scio discipulosLatinamstudere.
Caesar dicitmilitesvincere. • Caesar says the soldierswin/conquer.
Caesar dicitmilitesvinci. • Caesar says the soldiersare conquered.
Caesar dicitmilitesvicisse. • Caesar says the soldierswon.
Caesar dicitmilitesvictosesse. • Caesar says the soldierswere conquered.
Caesar dicitmilitesvicturosesse. • Caesar says the soldierswill win.
“LOVE” Practice • She says the boy loves the girl. • Dicitpuerumamarepuellam.
She said the boyloved the girl. • Dixit puerumamarepuellam.
She says the boywill love the girl • Dicitpuerumamaturumessepuellam.
She says the boyloved the girl. • Dicitpuerumamavissepuellam.
She says the girlwas loved by the boy. • Puellam a pueroamatamessedicit.
She said the boy had loved the girl • Dixit puerumamavissepuellam.
She was saying the boy would love the girl. • Dicebatpuerumamaturaumessepuellam.
She says the girlis loved by the boy. • Dicitpuellamamari a puero.