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Firing Equipment

Firing Equipment. SL 5-1- 1. Hand Firing Devices. Classified as a flammable solid Consult MSDS. Fusees. Used to ignite fine fuels Grass Forest litter Characteristics Light weight Portable Produces a 2-4” flame Suitable for small projects Readily available

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Firing Equipment

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  1. Firing Equipment SL 5-1-1

  2. Hand Firing Devices • Classified as a flammable solid • Consult MSDS

  3. Fusees • Used to ignite fine fuels • Grass • Forest litter • Characteristics • Light weight • Portable • Produces a 2-4” flame • Suitable for small projects • Readily available • Available in 5 to 30 minute burn times • Wands can be assembled • Not the same as road flares; do not burn as hot or long • Classified as flammable solid

  4. Correct Method • Back straight • Eyes and head pivoting

  5. Drip Torch • Characteristics • Capable of handling most firing operations • Used to ignite all fuel types • Forest litter • Grass • Brush • Ladder fuels • Heavy fuels • Easily Carried on engines and utility vehicles

  6. Parts • Know your torch

  7. Drip Torch • Liquid fuel device • Fill only ¾ full • 2 parts diesel fuel • 1 part gasoline • Fuel classified as a combustible liquid

  8. Drip Torch at Work SL 5-1-8

  9. Application Methods Trail torch slightly behind you or... Swing torch back and forth beside body from front to back Do not swing torch side to side in front of body and walk through lit fire Only apply amount of fire necessary to achieve desired results Extinguishment Upon completion of assignment or if standing by for extended periods, blow out wick

  10. Drip Torch Safety • Possible problems • Defective vent/clogged • Improper mix • Poor gasket seal

  11. Drip Torch Safety CAUTION • Fuel may “spurt” out of spout when hot. • Do not get unburned fuel on PPE • Maintain spacing with other crew members to ensure lit fuel does not hit anyone as it is applied

  12. Terra Torch The Terra Torch requires separate and specific training prior to use. SL 5-1-12

  13. Characteristics Used when other ignition devices are ineffective Range up to 100 feet Requires specialized training Requires crew of 2 or more SL 5-1-13

  14. Charactersitics • Skid mount Trailer mount

  15. Characteristics • Fuel is a mixture of alumagel/surefire and gasoline • Dispenses fuel under pressure through a hand held nozzle • Classified as a flammable liquid

  16. Terra Torch Hazards • Radiant heat • Rotate personnel • Additional PPE For thermal protection • Mixing Fuel

  17. PROJECTED AERIAL DEVICES

  18. Very Pistols

  19. Very Pistol • Best in light contiguous fuels • Extended reach

  20. Very Pistol • Characteristics • Specialized flare launcher requiring operator to be qualified before use • Burn time of approximately 8 seconds at 1,400°F • 12 gauge and 25 mm • Classified as an explosive 1.4 and flammable solid • Range up to 375 feet

  21. Very Pistol 12 Gauge 25 mm Insert 25 mm w / Insert Adapter

  22. Very Pistol • Hazards • Firing • Communicate to personnel • I.D. target • Use hearing protection

  23. Very Pistol • Hazards (continued) • Misfires • Communicate to personnel • Repeat firing sequence • If round doesn’t fire • Keep pointed down range for three seconds • Remove round • Store in an approved container • Ship to disposal facility • Accidental Firing

  24. Very Pistol Beware of ricochet

  25. Fire Quick Flare Launcher

  26. Fire Quick Flare Launcher Follow manufacturer’s recommendation Used by qualified personnel only

  27. Fire Quick Flare Launcher • Characteristics • Specialized launcher requiring operator training • Uses 22 caliber blanks • Launches 1 inch diameter flares • Range up to 300 feet • Burns approx. 6 to 8 seconds at 4000°F • Aerial burst covers 10 to 20 feet • Monitor wind direction and speed • Classified as 1.4 explosive and flammable solid

  28. Fire Quick Flare Launcher • Hazards • Communicate to personnel before firing • Hearing protection required • Misfires • Communicate to personnel when a misfire occurs • Repeat firing sequence • Treat faulty 22 caliber rounds the same as Very Pistol rounds

  29. Fire Quick Flare Launcher • Dud Flares • Identify flare location to personnel • Do not approach flare until area is cooled off and flare is safe to approach • Dispose of flare in accordance with disposal guidelines

  30. Fire Quick Flare Launcher • Firing the Launcher • Load 22 cal. cylinder

  31. Fire Quick Flare Launcher Directional arrow • Firing the Launcher (cont.) • Insert flare

  32. Firing the Fire Quick Flare Launcher • Firing the Launcher • Communicate to personnel before firing • ID target • Aim at 45 degree angle • Pull trigger

  33. Fire Quick Flare Launcher Photo of flare aerial burst

  34. Hand Thrown Flares • 1.5 and 2.5 inch flares • Follow manufacturer’s recommendations for use • Used in all fuel types

  35. Hand Thrown Flares • Characteristics • Fuse burn time 30 to 40 seconds • Flare burn time 6 to 8 seconds at 4,000°F • Ignited material covers 30 to 60 foot diameter • Classified as a flammable solid

  36. Hand Thrown Flares Preparing flare For use Expose fuse

  37. Hand Thrown Flares • Arrow on flare directs the direction of throw

  38. Hand Thrown Flares • Light fuse

  39. Hand Thrown Flares • Throw flare • Must be thrown a minimum distance of 100 feet from personnel, equipment, and control lines

  40. Hand Thrown Flares Flare ignition

  41. IGNITION DEVICES USED WITH AIRCRAFT

  42. Helitorch • Used in all fuel types • Can ignite fuels with high fuel moisture • Capable of burning standing fuel and continuous surface fuel beds

  43. Helitorch • Produces large amounts of fire in a short period

  44. Helitorch • Characteristics • Used as an external sling load under rotary wing aircraft • Uses aluma-gel/surefire and gasoline mix • Consult MSDS • Can reach areas not accessible by ground • Classified as a flammable liquid

  45. Plastic Sphere Dispenser /Aerial Ignition Device internal load

  46. Plastic Sphere Dispenser / Aerial Ignition Device Requires less time to initiate than a helitorch To be effective, requires 1 hour fuel bed Requires special training to operate

  47. Plastic Sphere Dispenser /Aerial Ignition Device • Ignition results from 1 cc of ethylene glycol being injected into the ball which is filled with potassium permanganate • This forms an exothermic (heat producing) reaction

  48. Plastic Sphere Dispenser /Aerial Ignition Device • Characteristics • Normally used with rotary wing aircraft • Mounted internally • Classified as an oxidizer • Consult MSDS

  49. Plastic Sphere Dispenser / Aerial Ignition Device • Dispersal rates can be varied by • Aircraft speed • Altitude • Machine dispersal rate

  50. Firing Equipment Are you and your firing equipment ready?

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