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Aberdeen, Idaho PowerPoint Presentation
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Aberdeen, Idaho

Aberdeen, Idaho

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Aberdeen, Idaho

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  1. Aberdeen, Idaho

  2. National Small Grains Germplasm Research Facility, University of Idaho Research & Extension Center

  3. NSGC Storages: 6C, 25%RH (Medium Term Storage)

  4. NSGC Holdings – Global Diversity of the Small Grains Origin Crop Genus Count Countries Wheat Triticum & Aegilops 60,794 115 Barley Hordeum 29,891 105 Oat Avena 21,550 92 Rice Oryza 18,678 110 Rye Secale 2,112 60 Triticale X Triticosecale 2,012 31 other 980 Total 136,017 Updated 01/13/2010

  5. A Brief History • First small grains germplasm obtained in 1897 by USDA • explorers • - Maintained for the first half of the 20th Century by USDA • Cereal Investigators (separate for wheat, barley, oat, rice) • - NSGC officially formed in 1948, combining the separate • collections; located at Beltsville, Maryland • Moved to Aberdeen, Idaho in 1988

  6. Acquisition • Distribution • Maintenance • Evaluations

  7. Maintenance • Regenerations based on seed inventory and viability • Locations • Aberdeen, Idaho – spring and winter wheat, barley, oat, rye, • triticale; Greenhouse – wild species • Parlier, California – winter nursery for mixed habit, tender • Stuttgart, Arkansas & Beaumont, TX – rice • Puerto Rico – long-season rice

  8. Viability StatusInventory Status* High Low Critical High (>70%) 9 8 5 Low (20-70%) 7 6 3 Critical (<20%) 4 2 1 *High - >50g for cultivated species, >10g for wild species Low – 15-50g for cultivated species, 4-10g for wild species Critical - <15g for cultivated species, <4g for wild species

  9. Field design

  10. Population sizes • Self vs cross pollinated • Hills – wild – delnet • Noxious weeds • Inspections • Greenhouse • Notes • Harvest • Cleaning • Replacing

  11. Aberdeen oat harvest 1940

  12. NSGC Staff: Charles Erickson, Agronomist & IT Scott McNeil, Research Technician Carol Mortenson, Research Technician Kay Calzada, Research Technician Karla Reynolds, Research Technician Sara Hirschi, Research Assistant