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Reshaping the Nature of Tourism: External Pressures, Internal Choices Victoria Edwards PowerPoint Presentation
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Reshaping the Nature of Tourism: External Pressures, Internal Choices Victoria Edwards

Reshaping the Nature of Tourism: External Pressures, Internal Choices Victoria Edwards

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Reshaping the Nature of Tourism: External Pressures, Internal Choices Victoria Edwards

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  1. Ambassador Bill Lane jr. Lecture on Sustainable TourismUniversity of Hawai'i at ManoaSchool of Travel Industry Management Reshaping the Nature of Tourism: External Pressures, Internal Choices Victoria Edwards

  2. William the Conqueror Nova Foresta 1079

  3. 2.5m visitors p.a. 3m day visitors 500 tourism enterprises $400m 35,000 residents 571 sq km (Molokai = 684 sq km)

  4. Tourism in Transition • Where are we coming from? • Where are we going to? • How are we going to get there? • Should we be going anywhere at all?!

  5. Tourism in Transition Where are we coming from? Where are we going to? How are we going to get there? Should we be going anywhere at all?!

  6. Tourism Arrivals Source: WTO, 2007

  7. International Tourist Receipts Source: WTO, 2007

  8. Tourism in Transition Where are we coming from? Where are we going to? How are we going to get there? Should we be going anywhere at all?!

  9. Average Residential Electricity Rates on Oahu: 1991 to 2006

  10. Tourism in Transition Where are we coming from? Where are we going to? How are we going to get there? Should we be going anywhere at all?!

  11. Policy Level Tourism Policy Planning Level Planning for Sustainable Tourism Practice Level Tourism Operation

  12. 1. Moral suasion (e.g. TV adverts, voluntary schemes) 2. Regulation (e.g. Energy Performance of Buildings Directive) 3. Fiscal incentives (e.g. Fuel duty, grants for alternatives) 4. Direct provision (e.g. Energy Savings Trust)

  13. Sustainable Tourism Monitoring

  14. Monitoring • Energy • Water • Waste • Travel • Food • Infrastructure • Wildlife • Social impact

  15. Sustainable Tourism Monitoring Education

  16. Cut Food Miles! 1 calorie carrot from Africa = 66 cals of fuel

  17. Sustainable Tourism Monitoring Education Certification

  18. New Forest “Green Leaf” Local scheme International/ National Low entry level Inexpensive Inclusive Bespoke Supported Self monitored Low profile Industry-based No aggregation

  19. Sustainable Tourism Monitoring Education Certification Community

  20. New Forest Consultation • 1994 – “Living with the Enemy?” • 1997 – “Making New Friends.” • 1998 – “Our Future Together.” “The New Forest should become a tourist destination where the visitor, tourism industry, local community and environment are in complete harmony, and thus make a significant contribution to improving the quality of life.” Visitor Lokahi Environment Industry Community

  21. Talk to people!

  22. The New Forest Breakfast

  23. Sustainable Tourism - MECCA Monitoring Education Certification Community Advocacy

  24. Tourism in Transition Where are we coming from? Where are we going to? How are we going to get there? Should we be going anywhere at all?!

  25. Aviation – the big baddy of CO2 emissions? Road - 20% Energy Industries – 35% Residential – 16% Domestic & international aviation – 5.5% Other – 8.5 % Industry - 17% (Source: The Travel Foundation, 2006)

  26. Air Travel – the big baddy? CO2 emissions from aviation in UK = 5.5% CO2 emissions globally= 2 - 2.5% BUT Travel & tourism are growing rapidly (predicted to rise between 4-6% annually) The UK Government forecasts 500 million passengers a year by 2030 - up from 229 million in 2005.

  27. In the words of Fats Waller………………….. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=in1eK3x1PBI

  28. Carbon Footprint Ecological Footprint

  29. Carbon Footprint - UK 9.85 tonnes

  30. 2t 4t 10t 0.2t

  31. Tourist Arrivals – by region & forecast Source: WTO, 2006

  32. 10t 20t 14t 16t