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  1. Outline • About our NIFA, • About its programs, • About FY 2013 budget, • About AFRI funding program • How to Increase funding rate on your campus

  2. Have a safe trip and good luck

  3. United States Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture OPPORTUNITIES FOR HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES NIFA FUNDING NIFA FUNDING INVESTING IN SCIENCE | SECURING OUR FUTURE

  4. TOM VILSACK Secretary, USDA DR. CATHERINE WOTEKI Under Secretary, Research, Education, and Economics (REE)and USDA Chief Scientist DR. SONNY RAMASWAMY Director, NIFA

  5. NIFA INSTITUTES AND CENTER • Institute of Food Production and Sustainability

  6. NIFA INSTITUTES AND CENTER • Institute of Food Production and Sustainability • Institute of Food Safety and Nutrition

  7. NIFA INSTITUTES AND CENTER • Institute of Food Production and Sustainability • Institute of Food Safety and Nutrition • Institute of Bioenergy, Climate, and Environment

  8. NIFA INSTITUTES AND CENTER • Institute of Food Production and Sustainability • Institute of Food Safety and Nutrition • Institute of Bioenergy, Climate, and Environment • Institute of Youth, Family, and Community

  9. NIFA INSTITUTES AND CENTER • Institute of Food Production and Sustainability • Institute of Food Safety and Nutrition • Institute of Bioenergy, Climate, and Environment • Institute of Youth, Family, and Community • Center for International Programs

  10. NIFA ORGANIZATION

  11. Drivers • National Research Council: • A New Biology for the 21st Century, 2009 • Toward Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the 21st Century, 2010 • Pasteur's Quadrant: Basic Science and Technological Innovation--Stokes

  12. Focus on a societal challenge (New Biology). Scale work to make a difference through supporting transdisciplinary work—often across disciplines and institutions. Focus + Scale = Impact Focus and scale (combination of fundamental and applied science) result in impact on the societal challenge. Framework To Advance Science:

  13. SOCIETAL CHALLENGES • Food security

  14. SOCIETAL CHALLENGES • Food security • Biofuels/bioproducts

  15. SOCIETAL CHALLENGES • Food security • Biofuels/bioproducts • Climate resilient agriculture: • adaptation and • mitigation

  16. SOCIETAL CHALLENGES • Food security • Biofuels/bioproducts • Climate resilient agriculture: • adaptation and • mitigation • Food safety

  17. SOCIETAL CHALLENGES • Food security • Biofuels/bioproducts • Climate resilient agriculture: • adaptation and • mitigation • Food safety • Nutrition to promote lifelong health

  18. Focus on Societal Challenges—Why? Climate Change • Our best science indicates that earth’s climate systems are changing. • 95% probability that there will be an increase of 2-3.5 degrees, as much a 6-10 degrees in arctic regions. • Significant changes to historic patterns in our climate. • Significant implications for our food, fiber, and energy supply; sustainable use of our natural resource base; U.S. security.

  19. Focus on Societal Challenges—Why? Bioenergy U.S. addiction to oil undermines U.S. security and economy. Congress has called for production of 36 billion gallons of alternative fuels by 2025.

  20. Focus on Societal Challenges—Why? • Reduction in Childhood/Adolescent Obesity • 18% of teenage population is obese—30% overweight. • NIH--first generation of Americans in history to have a shorter lifespan than their parents --due to the accumulated effects of obesity and overweight.

  21. Focus on Societal Challenges—Why? Food security for a rapidly expanding worldwide population. • Within 30 years World population will reach 9 billion. • In addition to moral/ethical issue, has implications for U.S. security and peaceful relations among countries. • Greatest population growth will occur in areas of world already under food and water availability stress. • Future causes of war likely to be energy, food, water, and religion.

  22. Focus on Societal Challenges—Why? • Food Safety • Often in the headlines. • ½ of food on American plate comes from off shore sources. • Other countries do not have level of food regulation and inspection that U.S. does.

  23. NIFA APPROACH • RESEARCH enables us to develop the knowledge needed to solve many of the issues facing our nation

  24. NIFA APPROACH • RESEARCH enables us to develop the knowledge needed to solve many of the issues facing our nation • EDUCATION strengthens schools and universities to train the next generation of scientists, educators, producers, and citizens

  25. NIFA APPROACH • RESEARCH enables us to develop the knowledge needed to solve many of the issues facing our nation • EDUCATION strengthens schools and universities to train the next generation of scientists, educators, producers, and citizens • EXTENSION brings the knowledge gained through research and education to the people who need it most—in the United

  26. NIFA APPROACH (CONT’D) • INTEGRATION brings the three components of the agricultural knowledge system (research, education, and extension) together around a problem area or activity. Integration occurs when the components complement one another and are truly necessary for the ultimate success of the project or program.

  27. NIFA HAS MORE THAN 30 DIFFERENT COMPETITIVE PROGRAMS, INCLUDING: • Agriculture and Food Research Initiative ($264M)

  28. NIFA HAS MORE THAN 30 DIFFERENT COMPETITIVE PROGRAMS, INCLUDING: • Agriculture and Food Research Initiative ($264M) • Integrated Research, Education, and Extension Water Quality Competitive Grants Program ($25M)

  29. NIFA HAS MORE THAN 30 DIFFERENT COMPETITIVE PROGRAMS, INCLUDING: • Agriculture and Food Research Initiative ($264M) • Integrated Research, Education, and Extension Water Quality Competitive Grants Program ($25M) • Specialty Crop Research Initiative ($40M)

  30. NIFA HAS MORE THAN 30 DIFFERENT COMPETITIVE PROGRAMS, INCLUDING: • Agriculture and Food Research Initiative ($264M) • Integrated Research, Education, and Extension Water Quality Competitive Grants Program ($25M) • Specialty Crop Research Initiative ($40M) • Organic Agriculture Research and Extension Initiative ($25M)

  31. Other Competitive Programs • Biotechnology Risk Assessment Program • Risk Management Education Program • Organic Agriculture Research and Extension Initiative • Biomass Research and Development • Beginning Farmers and Ranchers Development Program • Specialty Crop Research Initiative • Small Business Innovation Research • Sustainable Agricultural Research and Education Program

  32. Budget Talk Want to take just a moment to talk about the Federal budget, what is currently happening, and what is likely for the future.

  33. Consider FY 2013 • Continuing Resolution, first thru March 27, and now through the end of the year. • Sequestration • Rescissions • Farm Bill • The proverbial elephant in the room: the budget deficit.

  34. Be thankful we're not getting all the government we're paying for. Will Rogers (1879 - 1935)

  35. “Government is like a baby. An alimentary canal with a big appetite at one end and no sense of responsibility at the other.” Ronald Reagan

  36. A 2013 Example: Smith-Lever 3(b & c)(in ‘000s) • Budget Authority: $294,000 • After 2.513 % rescission: $286,612 • After 0.2 % rescission: $286,039 • After 5.16 % sequestration: $271,269 • ARE WE DONE YET??? • NO, no, no…

  37. 2013 Smith-Lever Example (Cont.) • So, the 2013 appropriation: $271,269 • After assessing NIFA indirect: $264,161 • After assessing SBIR: $264,161 • After assessing BioTech Risk: $264,161 • After peer panel costs: $264,161 • Payment to the States: $264,161

  38. So… • We started with $294,000 and wound up with $264,161 available for the States. • Note that $294,000 is the FY 2012 appropriated amount for this line. • Note also that this amount is the President’s request for 2014.

  39. Principles of the 2014 President’s Budget Request • Get back to the 2012 appropriated levels • Consolidate lines • Large increase for Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI) • Protect minority serving programs

  40. The Federal Budget Deficit • One of the driving forces in federal legislation and government execution today. • [Disclaimer: I am not an economist.]

  41. Year Billions Pct of GDP 1918 $76 11.86% 1919 $78 16.80% 1942 $162 12.04% 1943 $199 28.05% 1944 $220 22.35% 1945 $223 24.07% 2009 $13,939 10.13% 2010 $14,527 8.90% 2011 $14,959 8.69% 2012 $15,602 8.51%

  42. Closing Thought • In recognition of no pay raises for Federal employees for 3 years running, the Director of NIFA announced that NIFA employees can (within reason) now name their own salary. I named mine “Hope”

  43. United States Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture OPPORTUNITIES FOR HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES NIFA FUNDING AGRICULTURE AND FOOD RESEARCH INITIATIVE (AFRI) AFRI FINDING YOUR COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE AGRICULTURE AND FOOD RESEARCH INITIATIVE:FINDING YOUR COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE INVESTING IN SCIENCE | SECURING OUR FUTURE NIFA | INVESTING IN SCIENCE | SECURING OUR FUTURE

  44. AGRICULTURE AND FOOD RESEARCH INITIATIVE WHO’S ELIGIBLE? • State agricultural experiment stations

  45. AGRICULTURE AND FOOD RESEARCH INITIATIVE WHO’S ELIGIBLE? • State agricultural experiment stations • ALL colleges and universities (including junior colleges offering associate degrees or higher)

  46. AGRICULTURE AND FOOD RESEARCH INITIATIVE WHO GETS AFRI GRANTS? • LAND GRANT UNIVERSITIES80% of applications and 75% of grants

  47. AGRICULTURE AND FOOD RESEARCH INITIATIVE WHO GETS AFRI GRANTS? • LAND GRANT UNIVERSITIES80% of applications and 75% of grants • NON-LAND GRANT PUBLIC UNIVERSITIES5% of applications and 5% of grants

  48. AGRICULTURE AND FOOD RESEARCH INITIATIVE WHO GETS AFRI GRANTS? • LAND GRANT UNIVERSITIES80% of applications and 75% of grants • NON-LAND GRANT PUBLIC UNIVERSITIES5% of applications and 5% of grants • PRIVATE COLLEGES/UNIVERSITIES5% of applications and 7% of grants

  49. AGRICULTURE AND FOOD RESEARCH INITIATIVE WHO GETS AFRI GRANTS? • LAND GRANT UNIVERSITIES80% of applications and 75% of grants • NON-LAND GRANT PUBLIC UNIVERSITIES5% of applications and 5% of grants • PRIVATE COLLEGES/UNIVERSITIES5% of applications and 7% of grants • PRIVATE RESEARCH ORGANIZATIONS4% of applications and 4% of grants