by dr michael banoub n.
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Stretching Exercises

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Stretching Exercises

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  1. By Dr. Michael Banoub Stretching Exercises

  2. Flexibility is the ability to move a single joint or series of joints smoothly and easily through an unrestricted, pain-free ROM. Muscle length in conjunction with joint integrity and the extensibility of periarticular soft tissues determine flexibility. Flexibility

  3. Flexibility is related to the extensibility of musculotendinous units that cross a joint, based on their ability to relax or deform and yield to a stretch force. The arthrokinematics of the moving joint (the ability of the joint surfaces to roll and slide) as well as the ability of periarticular connective tissues to deform also affect joint ROM and an individual’s overall flexibility. Flexibility

  4. The adaptive shortening of the muscle-tendon unit and other soft tissues that cross or surround a joint that results in significant resistance to passive or active movement and it may affect functional abilities. Contracture

  5. the process of tension developing in a muscle during shortening or lengthening contraction

  6. Extrinsic Casts and splints Skeletal traction Intrinsic Pain Joint inflammation and effusion Skin disorders Prolonged immobilization

  7. Intrinsic Bony block Sedentary lifestyle or asymmetrical postures Paralysis, tonal abnormalities, and muscle imbalances Postural malalignment: congenital or acquired Prolonged immobilization

  8. ROM is limited because soft tissues have lost their extensibility as the result of adhesions, contractures, and scar tissue formation, causing functional limitations or disabilities. • May be used as part of a total fitness program designed to prevent musculoskeletal injuries. • May be used prior to and after vigorous exercise potentially to minimize postexercise muscle soreness Indications for Use of Stretching

  9. A bony block limits joint motion. There was a recent fracture, and bony union is incomplete. There is evidence of an acute inflammatory or infectious Soft tissue healing could be disrupted in the tight tissues and surrounding region. • There is sharp, acute pain with joint movement or muscle elongation. Contraindications to Stretching

  10. A hematoma or other indication of tissue trauma is observed. Hypermobility already exists. Shortened soft tissues enable a patient with paralysis or severe muscle weakness to perform specific functional Contraindications to Stretching