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Shop Safety

Shop Safety. It’s everybody’s business. Government Agencies. Consumer Products Safety Commission CPSC Department of Transportation DOT Environmental Protection Agency EPA National Institute for Occupations Safety and Health NIOSH Department of Defense DOD

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Shop Safety

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  1. Shop Safety It’s everybody’s business

  2. Government Agencies • Consumer Products Safety Commission CPSC • Department of Transportation DOT • Environmental Protection Agency EPA • National Institute for Occupations Safety and Health NIOSH • Department of Defense DOD • Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA • (It’s a conspiracy man!!! Don’t trust the FEDS!!!!!!)

  3. Consumer Products Safety Commission (CPSC) • Federal commission empowered to implement consumer safety standards through ought U.S. • Oversees design and safe operation of consumer goods domestically & internationally

  4. CPSC • In June 1982 implementation of standard for all rotary lawn mowing equipment: • Maximum blade tip speed of 19,000 feet per minute • Blade tip speed based on blade length & engine speed • Mandates blades must stop within 3 seconds of shut down

  5. Department of Transportation (DOT) • Federal agency responsible for traffic control, enforcement of safety regulation, and aids navigation • Small engines technicians not widely affected by DOT • Riding lawnmowers • Small engine golf carts

  6. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) • Established in 1970 to control and abate pollution in the air, water, solid waste, pesticides, radiation, & toxic substances • Creates & establishes standards for public health & environment • IMPORTANT!!!! A code is a regulation or a minimum requirement • A standard is an accepted reference or practice.

  7. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) • Primarily concerned with research activities • Acts in conjunction with OSHA • Develop & revises recommended exposure limits for hazardous substances or conditions in workplace • Recommends preventative measures to reduce or eliminate health and safety risks

  8. Department of Defense (DOD) • Federal agency responsible for developing United States Military Standards (MIL Standards) • MIL standards cover the specs used by the armed forces • However, they are not restricted to them.

  9. Occupation Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) • Established under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 • States may develop & operate state job safety & health plans • State plans may exceed, but must comply with minimum Federal OSHA standards • All current OSHA standards are reproduced annually in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)

  10. Safety Color Coding • Red designates danger and stop • Yellow designates caution • Orange designates dangerous parts of a machine • Black, White, orB/W checkered designates traffic & housekeeping areas • Green designates safety & location of first aid equipment • Purple designates radiation

  11. Standards Organizations • Organizations affiliated with governmental organization • Coordinate the development of codes and standards among member organizations to protect people and property from potential hazards. • American National Standards Institute ANSI • Canadian Standards Association CSA • International Organization for Standardization ISO

  12. American National Standards Institute ANSI • National organization that helps identify industrial & public needs for national standards • Produced by professional & technical societies, trade associations, and consumer & labor groups • National coordinator of voluntary standards activities & serves as an approval organization & clearing house for consensus standards • The United States Representative to the ISO

  13. Canadian Standards Association (CSA) • Canadian national organization that develops standards & provides facilities for certification testing to national and international standards

  14. International Organization for Standardization (ISO) • Non-governmental international organization comprised of national standards institutions of over 90 countries • ISO provides a world-wide forum for the standards developing process • Is the United States representative for the ISO

  15. Fires • To start and sustain a fire 3 things must be present: • Fuel • Heat • Oxygen • Remove one or more of these and the fire goes out.

  16. Fire Extinguishers • Class A • Combustibles like paper, wood, cloth, rubber, plastics, refuse, upholstery • Commonly filled with water • Class B • Combustible liquids like gasoline, oil, grease and paint • Commonly filled with carbon dioxide, potassium bicarbonate, or sodium bicarbonate

  17. Fire Extinguishers • Class C • Electrical equipment • Motors, appliances, wiring, fuse boxes, breaker panels, transformers • Before extinguishing make sure power is shut off • Class D • Combustible metals • Magnesium, potassium, sodium, titanium, zirconium • Commonly filled with silica gel (mineral dust) or metal salt granules • May require respiratory protection

  18. Fire Extinguishers • The best type of extinguisher is an ABC type. • Check pressure gauge on top of extinguisher periodically to verify the extinguisher is charged. • Know where your extinguishers are located

  19. Flammable Liquids • Have a flashpoint below 100° F • Lowest temperature at which a liquid gives off vapor sufficient to ignite when an ignition source is introduced • Vapor pressure is pressure exerted by vapor above the surface of a liquid in a closed container • A combustible liquid is a liquid that has a flash point at or above 100° F

  20. Flammable Liquids • All flammable liquids should stored in a safety can not to exceed 5 gallons • The safety can and all flammable materials should be stored in a safety cabinet

  21. Carbon Monoxide • Toxic gas produced by incomplete combustion of gasoline • Odorless, tasteless • Provides no warning to its victims

  22. More on Safety… • Always wear eye protection when operating machines • Always wear ear protection when exposed to loud noises • Use proper ventilation

  23. Tools • Multimeter • Used to measure electrical values

  24. Flywheel Puller • Used to remove flywheels

  25. Taps • Used to cut external threads

  26. Ring Compressor • Used to compress piston rings for installation

  27. Tachometer • Used to measure engine speed in revolutions per minute (rpm)

  28. File • Used to form and/or smooth material

  29. Micrometer • Used to measure thickness and diameters

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