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Shop Safety

Shop Safety

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Shop Safety

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  1. Shop Safety It’s everybody’s business

  2. Government Agencies • Consumer Products Safety Commission CPSC • Department of Transportation DOT • Environmental Protection Agency EPA • National Institute for Occupations Safety and Health NIOSH • Department of Defense DOD • Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA • (It’s a conspiracy man!!! Don’t trust the FEDS!!!!!!)

  3. Consumer Products Safety Commission (CPSC) • Federal commission empowered to implement consumer safety standards through ought U.S. • Oversees design and safe operation of consumer goods domestically & internationally

  4. CPSC • In June 1982 implementation of standard for all rotary lawn mowing equipment: • Maximum blade tip speed of 19,000 feet per minute • Blade tip speed based on blade length & engine speed • Mandates blades must stop within 3 seconds of shut down

  5. Department of Transportation (DOT) • Federal agency responsible for traffic control, enforcement of safety regulation, and aids navigation • Small engines technicians not widely affected by DOT • Riding lawnmowers • Small engine golf carts

  6. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) • Established in 1970 to control and abate pollution in the air, water, solid waste, pesticides, radiation, & toxic substances • Creates & establishes standards for public health & environment • IMPORTANT!!!! A code is a regulation or a minimum requirement • A standard is an accepted reference or practice.

  7. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) • Primarily concerned with research activities • Acts in conjunction with OSHA • Develop & revises recommended exposure limits for hazardous substances or conditions in workplace • Recommends preventative measures to reduce or eliminate health and safety risks

  8. Department of Defense (DOD) • Federal agency responsible for developing United States Military Standards (MIL Standards) • MIL standards cover the specs used by the armed forces • However, they are not restricted to them.

  9. Occupation Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) • Established under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 • States may develop & operate state job safety & health plans • State plans may exceed, but must comply with minimum Federal OSHA standards • All current OSHA standards are reproduced annually in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)

  10. Safety Color Coding • Red designates danger and stop • Yellow designates caution • Orange designates dangerous parts of a machine • Black, White, orB/W checkered designates traffic & housekeeping areas • Green designates safety & location of first aid equipment • Purple designates radiation

  11. Standards Organizations • Organizations affiliated with governmental organization • Coordinate the development of codes and standards among member organizations to protect people and property from potential hazards. • American National Standards Institute ANSI • Canadian Standards Association CSA • International Organization for Standardization ISO

  12. American National Standards Institute ANSI • National organization that helps identify industrial & public needs for national standards • Produced by professional & technical societies, trade associations, and consumer & labor groups • National coordinator of voluntary standards activities & serves as an approval organization & clearing house for consensus standards • The United States Representative to the ISO

  13. Canadian Standards Association (CSA) • Canadian national organization that develops standards & provides facilities for certification testing to national and international standards

  14. International Organization for Standardization (ISO) • Non-governmental international organization comprised of national standards institutions of over 90 countries • ISO provides a world-wide forum for the standards developing process • Is the United States representative for the ISO

  15. Fires • To start and sustain a fire 3 things must be present: • Fuel • Heat • Oxygen • Remove one or more of these and the fire goes out.

  16. Fire Extinguishers • Class A • Combustibles like paper, wood, cloth, rubber, plastics, refuse, upholstery • Commonly filled with water • Class B • Combustible liquids like gasoline, oil, grease and paint • Commonly filled with carbon dioxide, potassium bicarbonate, or sodium bicarbonate

  17. Fire Extinguishers • Class C • Electrical equipment • Motors, appliances, wiring, fuse boxes, breaker panels, transformers • Before extinguishing make sure power is shut off • Class D • Combustible metals • Magnesium, potassium, sodium, titanium, zirconium • Commonly filled with silica gel (mineral dust) or metal salt granules • May require respiratory protection

  18. Fire Extinguishers • The best type of extinguisher is an ABC type. • Check pressure gauge on top of extinguisher periodically to verify the extinguisher is charged. • Know where your extinguishers are located

  19. Flammable Liquids • Have a flashpoint below 100° F • Lowest temperature at which a liquid gives off vapor sufficient to ignite when an ignition source is introduced • Vapor pressure is pressure exerted by vapor above the surface of a liquid in a closed container • A combustible liquid is a liquid that has a flash point at or above 100° F

  20. Flammable Liquids • All flammable liquids should stored in a safety can not to exceed 5 gallons • The safety can and all flammable materials should be stored in a safety cabinet

  21. Carbon Monoxide • Toxic gas produced by incomplete combustion of gasoline • Odorless, tasteless • Provides no warning to its victims

  22. More on Safety… • Always wear eye protection when operating machines • Always wear ear protection when exposed to loud noises • Use proper ventilation

  23. Tools • Multimeter • Used to measure electrical values

  24. Flywheel Puller • Used to remove flywheels

  25. Taps • Used to cut external threads

  26. Ring Compressor • Used to compress piston rings for installation

  27. Tachometer • Used to measure engine speed in revolutions per minute (rpm)

  28. File • Used to form and/or smooth material

  29. Micrometer • Used to measure thickness and diameters