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Take out your Food Worksheet from yesterday PowerPoint Presentation
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Take out your Food Worksheet from yesterday

Take out your Food Worksheet from yesterday

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Take out your Food Worksheet from yesterday

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  1. Take out your Food Worksheet from yesterday 10-02 Complete the following analogy. Subsistence agriculture is to labor intensive as commercial agriculture is to: • capital intensive. • driving intensive. • mentally intensive. • nature intensive. • worker intensive.

  2. 10-02 Complete the following analogy. Subsistence agriculture is to labor intensive as commercial agriculture is to: • capital intensive. • driving intensive. • mentally intensive. • nature intensive. • worker intensive. Explanation: Commercial agriculture relies on fewer workers and more machinery to produce food for market.

  3. Peter Menzel - Material World http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5005952

  4. Bargteheide, Germany: Melander family Food expenditure for one week: 375.39 Euros or $500.07

  5. North Carolina, U.S.: Revis family Food expenditure for one week $341.98

  6. Italy: The Manzo family of Sicily   Food expenditure for one week: 214.36 Euros or $260.11

  7. Mexico: The Casales family of Cuernavaca  Food expenditure for one week: 1,862.78 Mexican Pesos or $189.09

  8. Poland: The Sobczynscy family of Konstancin-Jeziorna Food expenditure for one week: 582.48 Zlotys or $151.27 

  9. Egypt: The Ahmed family of CairoFood expenditure for one week: 387.85 Egyptian Pounds or $68.53

  10. Ecuador: The Ayme family of TingoFood expenditure for one week: $31.55

  11. Bhutan: The Namgay family of Shingkhey VillageFood expenditure for one week: 224.93 ngultrum or $5.03

  12. Breidjing Camp, Chad: Aboubakar familyFood expenditure for one week: 685 CFA Francs or $1.23 

  13. Where Did Agriculture Originate? • Origins of agriculture • Agriculture = deliberate modification of Earth’s surface through the cultivation of plants and/or rearing of animals • Cultivate = “to care for” • Crop = any plant cultivated by people

  14. Where Did Agriculture Originate? • Origins of agriculture • Hunter-gatherers • Perhaps 250,000 remaining today • Invention of agriculture • When it began = unclear • Diffused from many hearths

  15. Crop Hearths Figure 10-2

  16. Animal Hearths Figure 10-3

  17. Where Did Agriculture Originate? • Commercial and subsistence agriculture • Subsistence = produced mainly for the farm family’s survival • Most common in LDCs • Commercial = produced mainly for sale off the farm • Most common in MDCs

  18. Agriculture and Climate Figure 10-4

  19. Which is a good example of subsistence agriculture? A. Large corporate farms B. A family growing its own vegetables C. Tariffs on food imports D. The price of oranges changing when there is a hard freeze on Florida E. The exportation of agricultural practices and technologies to less developed areas

  20. Where Did Agriculture Originate? • Commercial and subsistence agriculture • Five characteristics distinguish commercial from subsistence agriculture • Purpose of farming • Percentage of farmers in the labor force • Use of machinery • Farm size • Relationship of farming to other businesses

  21. Agricultural Workers Figure 10-5

  22. Area of Farmland Per Tractor Figure 10-6

  23. Where are Agricultural Regions in LDCs? • Shifting cultivation • Most prevalent in low-latitude, A-type climates • Two features: • Land is cleared by slashing and burning debris • Slash-and-burn agriculture • Land is tended for only a few years at a time • Types of crops grown vary regionally • Traditionally, land is not owned individually

  24. Where are Agricultural Regions in LDCs? • Pastoral nomadism (herding domesticated animals) • Found primarily in arid and semiarid B-type climates • Animals are seldom eaten • The size of the herd indicates power and prestige • Type of animal depends on the region • For example, camels are favored in North Africa and Southwest Asia • Transhumance practiced by some pastoral nomads

  25. Where are Agricultural Regions in LDCs? • Intensive subsistence • Found in areas with high population and agricultural densities • Especially in East, South, and Southeast Asia • To maximize production, little to no land is wasted • Intensive with wet rice dominant • Intensive with wet rice not dominant

  26. Rice Production Figure 10-12

  27. Where are Agricultural Regions in LDCs? • Plantation farming • Found in Latin America, Africa, and Asia • Products are grown in LDCs but typically are sold to MDCs • Plantations specialize in one or two cash crops • Important crops = coffee, sugarcane, cotton, rubber, and tobacco • A large labor force is usually needed in sparsely settled regions