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19th Century Choral Music

19th Century Choral Music

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19th Century Choral Music

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  1. 19th Century Choral Music • Discuss the expansion of choral music in the 19th century. • Amateurs • Old forms: Mass, Requiem Mass, Oratorio • Concert Halls • Secular music • How may Brahms be considered a continuation of the 1st Viennese School?

  2. Johannes Brahms (1833-1897) • Report on Brahms by Tony Fountain

  3. Brahms - A German Requiem • Rooted in Protestant tradition • Medium? Text? • Connection between movements? • Occasion for composition? • 4th Movement: “How Lovely is Thy Dwelling Place” • Form? • Character? As relates to form?

  4. Romantic Opera • Describe 19th century opera • components • Exoticism in 19th century opera • Carmen- Bizet • Aida- Verdi • Jenny Lind (1820-1887)

  5. Opera - Vocabulary • Grand opera - Fr • Opéra comique • Lyric opera • Singspiel - Ger • Music Drama • Opera seria - It • Opera Buffa • Bel canto

  6. Giuseppe Verdi (1813-1901) • Report on Verdi by Alison Winters

  7. Verdi - Rigoletto • Victor Hugo • Frencesco Piave • Act III - excerpt • Story? • Action at this point? • “La donna e mobile” • “Un di”

  8. Richard Wagner (1813-1883) • Self taught • Chorus master in small opera house • Rienzi - 1st success - age 30 • Theories of “music drama” • Der Ring des Nibelung • Tristan und Isolde • Die Meistersinger

  9. Wagner’s music • “numbers” opera ---> “endless melody” • Leitmotif • Chromatic harmony • Restless, intensely emotional

  10. Wagner - Die Walküre • 2nd in cycle of 4 • Der Ring des Nibelung • Act III, Finale • characters

  11. Ballet • 18th c. - rise as independent art form • 19th c. - French --- Russian • Marius Pepita - St. Petersburg • Pas de deux • Serge Diaghilev (1872-1929) • Talent for recognizing talent • Commissioned ballets

  12. Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky(1840-1893) • Report on Tchaikovsky by Drew Burges

  13. Tchaikovsky - The Nutcracker • E.T.A. Hoffmann • Pepita • March from Act III • form