WORD ASSOCIATIONS NUMBER YOUR PAPER FROM 1 TO 12. WRITE DOWN THE FIRST FOOD WORD OR PHRASE THAT YOU THINK OF WHEN I SAY THE FOLLOWING:
1. BIRTHDAY 2. CHRISTMAS 3. FRIDAY NIGHT 4. SUNDAY MORNING 5. PICNIC 6. FRIDAY DURING LENT1.
7. THANKSGIVING 8. SNACK AFTER SCHOOL 9. TV WATCHING/COMPUTER 10. TODAY’S BREAKFAST 11. SPECIAL TRADITION 12. ETHNIC FOOD
WHY WE EAT WHAT WE EAT WE EAT FOR MANY REASONS OTHER THAN HUNGER • CULTURAL • SOCIAL • PSYCHOLOGICAL • PHYSICAL NEED
PHYSICAL NEED • FUEL FOR THE BODY SYSTEMS TO PERFORM VITAL FUNCTIONS 1. RELIEVES HUNGER – PHYSICAL NEED FOR FOOD HUNGER – STIMULATES THE APPETITE – HUNGER PANGS DO NOT EAT= INTENSE HUNGER, DIZZY, LIGHTHEADED, HEADACHE ANY FOOD WILL RELIEVE HUNGER. ONLY CERTAIN FOODS WILL SATISFY YOUR APPETITE
2. IMPROVES WELLNESS INCLUES PHYSICAL, MENTAL AND SOCIAL HEALTH • PHYSICAL –GROW AND DEVELOP NORMALLY - AVOID DISEASES - STRENGHT AND ENDURANCE b. MENTAL – ABLE TO HANDLE STRESS BY AVOIDING ILLNESS. GIVES YOU STRENGTH C. SOCIAL – STRONG AND ENERGETIC, PART OF A SOCIAL SETTING
CULTURAL CULTURAL – THE CUSTOMS AND BELIEFS OF A RACIAL, RELIGIOUS, OR SOCIAL GROUP *YOU ARE A MEMBER OF MORE THAN ONE GROUP Examples? *FIRST INFLUENCE IN THE US – NATIVE AMERICANS *OTHER IMMIGRANTS ADDED INFLUENCE “MELTING POT” - MULTICULTURAL
NATIONAL ORIGIN – IMMIGRANTS BROUGHT RECIPES FOR NATIVE FOODS, BUT ADAPTED THEM WITH THE AVAILABLE INGREDIENTS • RELIGION – CUSTOMS REGARDING FOODS AND HOW AND WHEN EATEN • (EXAMPLES – NO MEAT ON FRIDAY • NO PORK • NO BEEF
What is your culture? • What is a tradition from your family? • What is something your family does that other families may not do? • Are either of your parents (or any grandparents) from another part of the country? • What have you observed about another section of the country when you have traveled? • What is a family favorite food? • Does your family eat dinner together often?
SOCIAL INFLUENCES • WE ASSOCIATE FOOD WITH SOCIAL SETTINGS, FOOD BECOMES THE SETTING – PREPARING AND EATING FOOD BRINGS PEOPLE TOGETHER • FAMILY – ASSOCIATE FOOD WITH TRADITION *HAPPY OCCASSIONS *HOLIDAYS *PREPARING FOOD
PSYCHOLOGICAL FOOD SATISFIES CERTAIN EMOTIONAL NEEDS *BABIES ASSOCIATE FOOD WITH LOVE AND WARMTH *KIDS: FOOD = PLEASURE *IF YOU HAVE PLEASANT MEMORIES OF A FOOD – YOU LIKE THAT FOOD *UNPLEASANT MEMORIES = DISLIKE FOOD
FOOD EVOKES EMOTIONS WE MAY EAT WHEN WE ARE *SAD, LONELY OR DEPRESSED *MAY TAKE COMFORT IN FOOD (AND THUS OVEREAT) *MAY EAT WHEN ANGRY, FRUSTRATED, OR STRESSED
FOOD IS PSYCHOLOGICALLY APPEALING • APPEALS TO OUR SENSES • PROVIDES SOCIAL CONTACT • PREPARING FOOD GIVES US A SENSE OF SATISFACTION • PROVIDES COMFORT AND CONVERSATION
TRENDS IN FOOD TRENDS IN CULTURE AND SOCIETY REFLECT CHANGING TRENDS IN FOOD AND FOOD SERVICE *HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT, HIGH GAS PRICES – LESS FAMILIES EATING OUT. SOME RESTAURANT CLOSURES, OTHER RESTAURANTS OFFERING LOW COST MENU ITEMS *MORE WORKING MOTHERS-MORE SHARING TASK OF COOKING *GREEN ENVIRONMENT *GREATER CONCERN ABOUT NUTRITION
OTHER SOCIETAL TRENDS TREND RESULT MORE SINGLES MORE SINGLE SIZE SERVINGS DESIRE FOR LEISURE TIME SNACK FOOD COOKING AS A PASTTIME COOKING SHOWS DUAL INCOME EATING OUT, QUICK PREP MEALS FITNESS LOWFAT, LOW CARB -RESTAURANTS MORE SALADS. FROZEN YOGURT ETHNIC GROUPS MORE ETHNIC RESTAURANTS MEGA PORTIONS FATTER PEOPLE! DECREASE IN FAMILY TIME EAT AND GO FOOD, TAKE CARE OF SELF “GRAZING” APPETIZERS, HAPPY HOUR
How Much Do You Really Know About Hunger in America?Think you know the facts about hunger in America? Spend a few minutes taking the Hunger Quiz from Feeding America, and you might have to think again! To see how hunger affects your community and find a food bank near you, check out Feeding America's Hunger at Home map. • http://www.delish.com/food-fun/quizzes/hunger-quiz
WHAT AFFECTS OUR FOOD SUPPLY? • NAME RECENT EVENTS THAT MAY HAVE AN IMPACT ON THE SUPPLY OF FOOD • WHAT IS AGRICULTURE? • WHAT IS ENVIRONMENT ? • HOW ARE THEY RELATED? • Agriculture is the use of knowledge and skill to tend soil, grow crops, and raise livestock. Needs a suitable environment • Environment - refers to air, water, soil, mineral resources, plants, and animals
WHY DO SOME CROPS GROW BETTER IN KENTUCKY THAN IN MICHIGAN? • HOW DO WE GET FOODS EVEN WHEN THOSE FOODS AREN’T GROWN IN THIS AREA? WHAT AFFECTS THE PRICES OF THOSE FOODS?
WHAT AFFECTS THE COST OF FOOD? -Transportation costs -equipment -poor weather conditions -(early frost, no rain, too hot) - overworked soil -chemical usage -Disease and insects
GOVERNMENT AND FOOD • LAWS - growing food, processing, packaging, handling, and labeling. Export and imported food • USDA – US department of Agriculture • FDA – Food and Drug Administration
ECONOMICS • What is “supply and demand”? • How do the eating habits of the US affect the eating habits of less wealthy nations? - US wants good coffee. Poor famer will grow coffee beans instead of crops for his family. Most of the money goes to the weathy landowner • No money – can’t buy good seeds and fertilizers • Lack of education
TECHNOLOGY -3 AREAS 1.Nutrient content • reduce fat and sugars, increase nutrients. • Increased use of whole grains • Less transfats • High use of hormones - being investigated • Fat replacers • Artificial sweetners that actually work like sugar • Watermelons without seeds
2. Availability • How to increase crop production • How to grow plants larger and faster • Less diseases • Plants that can stand less desirable growning conditions
3. Safety • Improve packaging and handling • New preservation techniques • Foods that are less likely to transmit diseases