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Origins of the Renaissance

Origins of the Renaissance

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Origins of the Renaissance

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  1. Origins of the Renaissance Learning Target: I can explain how the growth of wealthy trading cities in Italy led to a new era called the Renaissance

  2. Trade with Asia • By the late 1300’s the Black Death horrors were over • One positive result of the the Black Plague- Since the disease did not damage buildings, ships, farmland, machines, or gold, survivors were able to use these things to produce more food as well as make new products • As goods became available, prices went down, and people were able to buy things that they wanted • Therefore, there was an increase in trade

  3. Trade Cities in Italy • There were four northern Italian cities that became major trading centers by the 1300’s • Florence • Genoa • Milan • Venice

  4. Florence • Florence was a banking and trade center • The city’s wealthy leaders used their money to make the city beautiful • Impressive buildings • Magnificent artwork

  5. Florence

  6. Pisa

  7. Pisa

  8. Venice

  9. Venice

  10. The Medici Family • Bankers in Florence kept money for merchants all over Europe and made money by charging interest-a fee that borrowers pay for the use of someone else’s money • The greatest bankers in Florence were the Medici family • The Medici’s were possibly the richest family in Italy in the early 1400’s

  11. Cosimo de Medici • Cosimo de Medici is known to be the real founder of his family’s fortune • In 1434, Cosimo controlled the government in Florence

  12. Cosimo’s contributions • As ruler, Cosimo did many things to help Florence become known as the most beautiful city in the world: • He spent a lot of his money on his city and supported artists and sculptors • He paid architects to redesign many of Florence’s buildings • He placed a high value on education, therefore he had libraries built which were filled with books that he collected • He had more churches built • After Cosimo died, he won the title of “father of his country”

  13. Cosimo de Medici’s sons • Cosimo had two sons: Pier and Lorenzo • Although his first son, Pier, was not a strong ruler, Lorenzo was a powerful leader who contributed to the Medici family’s increase in wealth

  14. Lorenzo de Medici • Lorenzo was a poet, statesman, politician, banker, patron of artists, writer, philosopher, and he played an important role in Italian politics • He spent time writing poetry and carnival songs • He focused on doing good things for the people • He paid for artists’ education and provided them with homes by buying their work

  15. The Medici Family’s Accomplishments • Spent money on Florence, making it the most beautiful and the most powerful state in Italy • Spent their wealth on having the largest library in Europe • Founded the Platonic Academy and supported artists by feeding them, educating them, and providing them with necessities • Some of these artists were Donatello, Michelangelo, and Raphael • Florence became the cultural center of Europe and was known as an art center and the cradle of New Humanism

  16. Beginning of the Renaissance • The Medici family was very interested in the rebirth of art and education in Europe, and with their support the Renaissance flourished • Renaissance means “rebirth” and refers to the period of time following the Middle Ages Donato Bramante: S. Maria presso S. Satiro, Milan, c. 1485