Chapter 5 Lesson 4 Buddhism
Who was the Buddha? • According to Buddihist tradition, the man who became the Buddha was born during 6th Century B.C. • In the 4th Century B.C. it spread to India, and in the 3rd Emperor Ashoka spread Buddhism throughout South Asia.
Who Was the Buddha? Cont. • Siddhartha Gautama became known as Buddha, or “The Enlightened One”. • Born in 562 B.C. just south of the Himalayas. His father was a wealthy ruler, who told his son he would be a great king if he stayed home or a great teacher if he left.
Who Was the Buddha? Cont. • When Siddhartha was an adult for the first time he left the palace. When he left he met a sick person in a nearby village, and a monk with no possessions whom seemed calm and free from suffering. • This make him decide to leave the palace and begin his lifelong journey.
The Buddha’s Travels • Siddhartha joined a group of men who also sought understanding and simple living. • For six years they fasted and practiced meditation, a way of clearing the mind. • Eventually he began feeling weak so he left the group, ate, was refreshed and began his journey again.
The Buddha’s Travels Cont. • While sitting under a tree near Bodh Gaya he realized that all people had the power within them to be free from suffering. • He then became enlightened and was known as Buddha.
The Buddha’s Travels Cont. • For nearly fifty years he traveled and taught. His followers believed that he spoke to all people, using a language that everyone could understand. • He stressed that people, not just priests, could achieve enlightenment, or a state of pure goodness. His words showed a peaceful and tolerant way of looking at the world.
Four and Eight. • Buddhism is based on 4 noble truths about human suffering. • Suffering is part of life for all people. • People suffer because they want so many things in life. • If people can free themselves from wanting so many things, they will not suffer. • People can fee themselves from wants and from suffering by following the Eightfold Path.
Four and Eight Cont. • Eightfold Path is a way of living that can help them find relief from their suffering. • Need 3 quality for the path: wisdom, morality, and meditation. • Recommends actions, efforts, or ways of thinking that will help Buddhists develop these qualities.