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Jian Ge, University of Florida PowerPoint Presentation
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Jian Ge, University of Florida

Jian Ge, University of Florida

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Jian Ge, University of Florida

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  1. A Global Network for Planet Detection and Asteroseismology Study using Extremely high Precision Extrasolar Planet Tracker Instruments Jian Ge, University of Florida

  2. Australia ? Hawaii ? Chile ? Global Extremely High Precision Exoplanet Tracker Network Spain SET, 11? USA EXPERT, Sept. 09 China LiJET, May 10 • Offer continuous high precision radial velocity measurements for V<8 FGK stars with 0.5-1 m/s Doppler precision in 30 min • Follow up planet candidates from SDSS-III MARVELS planet survey • Compact and low cost design (~$750K per instrument including hardware and labor)

  3. High Precision RV Mode Prism Echelle 4kx4k CCD Collimator-camera Slit Output 1 Output 2 Fiber input Michelson Interferometer • A combination of a fixed-delay interferometer with a high throughput cross-dispersed echelle spectrograph with R=18,000 • A simultaneous wavelength coverage of 0.39-0.70 m • 0.5-1 m/s in 30 min for V< 8 solar type stars with 2 m telescopes 3

  4. Primary targets for EXPERT network Photon limited RV precision in 30 min exposures with EXPERT Magnitude RV precision V=6 0.4 m/s V=7 0.6 m/s V=8 1.0 m/s

  5. Detection of Earth-like short period planets with 1 m/s Doppler precision Credit: S. Kane • 2 Earth mass planet, 2.2 day period around a solar type star, K= 1m/s • = 1m/s, 60 measurements, clear detection with 0.1% FAP • Need good orbital phase coverage to eliminate other noises

  6. Opt-mechanical layout of EXPERT Thermal enclosure Pressure controlled chamber Interferometer Echelle Input fiber feed Prism 4kx4k CCD camera Collimator/camera • The thermal enclosure dimension: 69" x 45" x 39.9". • Temperature and pressure controlled

  7. EXPERT hardware setup at Kitt Peak 2.1m in Sept. 2009 EXPERT inside a 2.1m Coude room EXPERT control chassis

  8. EXPERT inside a Thermally Controlled Chamber at Kitt Peak in Sept. 2009 Thermal enclosure Chamber Interferometer RV input fiber Echelle DEM input fiber Prism Collimator/Camera 4kx4k CCD Pressure sensor

  9. Solar Spectra on the Detector with EXPERT Order 29, 0.70 m Output 2 Order 52, 0.39 m Order 29, 0.70 m Output 1 Order 52, 0.39 m

  10. Early RV measurement results with EXPERT Observations with Iodine absorption Observations with sky Photon error =1.3m/s with 12 orders combined Photon error =1.2m/s with 12 orders combined Observations with 51 Peg Photon error =4.7m/s with 9 orders combined

  11. Cross-dispersed echelle spectra of NSV 860 (K2 EB, V=8.7) in Jan. 10 R=27,000 Order 52, 0.39 m Order 20, 1.0 m

  12. RV Drifts vs. Pressure and Temperature variation with EXPERT in Oct. 2009 RV vs Pressure RV Pressure RV vs Temperature RV Temperature • Need to control pressure and temperature to reach higher RV stability

  13. EXPERT Instrument Temperature Monitoring in Dec. 2009 • Instrument temperature varies within 10 mK over 5 days

  14. EXPERT Instrument RV Monitoring in Mar. 2010 RV vs pressure in 4 days RV vs temperature in 4 days 12 mk 50 m/s 100 mpsi

  15. LiJET hardware setup at the UF lab in Jan. 2010 LiJET setup in the UF lab LiJET inside a 2.1m Coude room

  16. LiJET Instrument Temperature Monitoring in Mar. 2010 15 mK 3mpsi

  17. Exoplanet Tracker Network Plan • Science operation • Science operation with EXPERT at Kitt Peak in April 2010 • Science operation with LiJET at Lijiang, China in September 2010 • Complete the Spanish Exoplanet Tracker (SET) in early 2011 pending on remaining fund raising and telescope negotiation • Primary science targets • V<8 FGK main sequence stars with slow rotation and low activities for super Earth mass planet detection and characterization • Followup of MARVELS planet and brown dwarf candidates to confirm and characterize new giant planets and find additional planet companions • A few very bright solar type stars (V<5) for asteroseismology study • Future plan • Looking for more partners to complete 6 network instrument development and implementation • Raising federal, state and private funds for operating the network • Combining with up-coming space transit missions for bright stars to detect and characterize habitable rocky planets

  18. Follow up MARVELS planet candidates MARVELS planet candidate I MARVELS planet candidate II K = 207.91m/s, P = 25.43days, V = 11.0, Teff = 6106 Log(g) = 4.386, Msini = 1.9MJ K = 180.43 m/s, P= 10.35 days, V= 9.9, Teff = 4357K Log(g) = 4.7, Msini = 2.1MJ

  19. EXPERT Network Team Members Principal investigator: Jian Ge (UF) UF team members: Liang Chang, John Groot, Xiaoke Wan, Bo Zhao, Frank Varosi, Kevin Hanna, Peng Jiang, Scott Fleming, Brian Lee, Rohan Pais, Ji Wang, Liming Dou, Jian Liu, Erin Costello, Adriana Delgado-Navarro, Sandeep Reddy Bollampally, Troy Bosman, Scott Powell, Sid Schofield, Bo Ma, & Hali Jakeman EXPERT Network International Members: T. Wang (China team leader), J.L. Zhou, W.M. Yuan, H.Y. Zhou, J.M. Bai, Y.F., Fan., S.H. Gu, & E. Martin (Spanish team leader) We acknowledge support from NSF, W.M. Keck Foundation, NASA, Sloan Foundation, SDSS-III program, DoD, NSFC, UCF-UF SRI, & UF