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Markham Woods Middle Music History

Markham Woods Middle Music History. Part 1 The Middle Ages or Medieval Period. Medieval Period: Time Span. From: the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 To: the early fifteenth century Approximately 1425

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Markham Woods Middle Music History

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  1. Markham Woods MiddleMusic History Part 1 The Middle Ages or Medieval Period

  2. Medieval Period: Time Span • From: the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 • To: the early fifteenth century • Approximately 1425 • There was not an exact end to the Medieval Period as different parts of the world transitioned at different times. • What was before the Medieval Period?

  3. Medieval Period: The Music • Church Music • Most all music in this time period was written for church and religious ceremonies • Most of the music from this period that still exists was written anonymously • Vocal music was dominant as instruments were usually used for accompaniment

  4. Medieval Period: The Music • Music as Entertainment • Most musicians were property of their king or country’s ruler • Most secular music of the time was composed and performed as a means of cultural influence by the king or ruler to impress their subjects and visiting dignitaries • Much of the “royal” music was for dance • Composers had very little expressive freedom

  5. Medieval Period: The Instruments • Bagpipes • Believed to be developed by herdsmen

  6. Medieval Period: The Instruments • Dulcimer • From the Greek dulce melos: sweet sound • A stringed instrument either plucked or played with spoon like hammers

  7. Medieval Period: The Instruments • Gemshorn • From the flute family • Made from an ox horn

  8. Medieval Period: The Instruments • Harp • Most ancient stringed instrument

  9. Medieval Period: The Instruments • Shawm • Predecessor to the modern oboe • Uses an internal cain reed

  10. Medieval Period: The Instruments • Hurdy-Gurdy • Hand crank stringed instrument • Change notes by pushing keys

  11. Medieval Period: The Instruments • Percussion • Drums are the earliest of instruments

  12. Medieval Period: The Composers • Pope Gregory • Created the plainchant, later named the “Gregorian Chant”

  13. Medieval Period: The Composers • Hildegard von Bingen - 1150 • Ordo Virtutum (Play of Virtues) • A play of 16 virtues versus evil • Each of the 16 virtues is represented by a different voice in • plainchant style - monophonic

  14. Medieval Period: The Composers • Alfonso el Sabio: King of Castile & Leon • “He Who Gladly Serves” • Percussion and Wind Instruments

  15. Medieval Period: The Composers • Francesco Landini • “Behold Spring” • Polyphonic

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