Mexico By: Alex Lopez
Basic Info • Population of about 100.2 Million • Territory 761,602 sq Miles • Independent since 1810 from Spain • Religion Mainly Roman Catholic • Languages: Spanish, Various Mayan, Mahuatl, etc. • Currency: Peso • Climate: varies from tropical to desert • Natural Resources: petroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber.
History of Mexico • Revolution of 1917 • Constitution • The Cardenas Upheaval • Era of Hegemonic Party Rule
Mexican Government • Federal (Federal, State, Municipal) • Legislative Branch • Executive Branch • Judicial Branch • Modeled after the US Government on Paper
Executive Branch • Constitutional Citizen President of the United Mexican States • Felipe Caldron • Six-year presidential term • Basic Election requirements, some based off US presidential Requirements • Can not be re-elected • Elected by direct vote
Legislative Branch: Senate • Number of Seats: 128 senators • Length of Term: 6 years • Power: Foreign Affairs and Impeachment, Enacting all public policy • Election Process: Each party nominates two candidates who run and are elected together by direct vote. The party of the two candidates that won the second highest vote within the state or the Federal District then assigns a senator to occupy the third seat.
Legislative Branch: Chamber of Deputies • Number of Seats: 500 deputies • Length of Term: 3 years • Power: Fiscal Legislation, Enacting all public policy • Election Process: -300 "majority deputies" are directly elected by plurality from single-member districts -200 "party deputies" are assigned through rules of proportional representation
Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation • Selection Process: Proposed by the president and approved by the senate • Several Powers broken down by the different courts. • Current Head: Juan Nepomuceno Silva Meza: Supreme Justice/Liberal
Cabinet • The president confers broad powers on cabinet secretaries, although the cabinet rarely meets as a single body. There is a hierarchy of influence among the different cabinet posts, and the power of a minister or secretary varies, depending on the priorities set by a particular president as well as the resources available at the time.
Political Parties Of Mexico • Three Main Parties Run Mexico • PRI: centrist or even neoliberal party and Centre-Left. • PAN: Conservative and Centre-Right in the Mexican political spectrum • PRD: Left wing, democratic socialist party
Political Recruitment/Participation • Political Elite Recruitment: From middle class, mainly born in Mexico city with secondary education and a degree in economics or public administration • Voting, attending campaign rallies, and petitioning public officials.
Media • Media is the source of legitimacy • Used to be fined for speaking out against the government • Now has full freedom, informs the public on all issues.
Economy • Is a First world country • Industrialized • Several Factors lead to it being an Industrialized country • Free Market Economy • State-Owned Industries
International Relations • Part of Several International Organizations • Power of the international Organizations • Influence of such organizations on Mexico
Public Policy • Current Pressing Political Issue: Illicit Drugs: Drug tracking through Mexico to the US, and cultivation of drugs in Mexico. • Recent Policies: North Atlantic Free Trade Agreement, National Solidarity Program, UN.
Interest Group • Corporatist system • Divided into 3 sectors; labor, peasant and popular • Several Key interest groups; CTM,CNC, CNOP, Roman Catholic Church • Work the same as the US • Lobbying, political pressure on leaders to in act laws for supporters, political campaigns rallies, pushing for social reforms
Public Opinion • Originally the Mexican people put up with corruption to extract benefits, but after the horrible corruption with the Lopez Portillo and Salinas administration, people no longer wanted to put up with what they said was drug money politics. • Most people vote, though it is not mandatory
Ethnicity /Religion • Mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian 30%, white 9%, other 1% • Roman Catholic 76.5%, Protestant 6.3% (Pentecostal 1.4%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.1%, other 3.8%), other 0.3%, unspecified 13.8%, none 3.1% (2000 census) • No real ethnic clashes
Sources • THE BOOK • CIA FACTBOOK