Dewey Decimal Classification System Presented to Seventh and Eight Grade Students Developed by Paulina Kuforiji
Table of Content • Introduction • History of Melvil Dewey • History of Dewey Decimal Classification System • Other Developments of Dewey Decimal Classification System • How is the Dewey’s System Organized? • Dewey Browse • Locating Dewey’s Decimal Classification Call Number Understanding A DDC Call Number • Classifications in Dewey’s System • Review • References
History of Melvil Dewey • Melville Louis Kossuth Dewey was born on December 10, 1851 to a poor family who lived in a small town in upper New York state. He was interested in simplified spelling, he shortened his first name to from “Melville” to Melvil as a young adult. Melville Louis Kossuth Dewey The “Father of Modern Librarianship.”
History of Dewey Decimal Classification System • The Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) system is the world's most widely used library classification system. • Dewey invented the Decimal Classification system at the age of 21 in 1870. • This invention was published in 1876.
Other Developments of Dewey Decimal Classification System • Dewey changed librarianship from a vocation to a modern profession. He helped establish the American Library Association (ALA) in 1876. • He was the associations secretary from 1876-1890 and its president for the 1890/1891 and 1892/1893 terms. • He was also co-founded and edited Library Journal.
How is the Dewey System organized? • The Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) system provides a logical system organized by subjects. • It uses simple decimal notation to divide recorded knowledge into 10 main classes, and each category is 100 divisions and 1,000 sections. • Each group has a main title and is represented by three numbers.
Classifications of Dewey’s System • Every Dewey Decimal (DDC) call number begins with three numbers (808), some with decimal numbers followed by various letters, and/or number combinations. • Numbers to the right of the decimal point in DDC call numbers are decimal numbers. Therefore, 808.042 comes before 808.0669.
Locating Dewey’s Decimal Classification Call Number • The Dewey Decimal Classification call number can be easily found on the spine of the book 200Bya 500 Lee 000 Mea
Understanding A DDC Call Number • One of the best ways to learn to read the DDC numbers is by looking at the subject areas. The following example is an example of a book from the Columbus Library Collection. • Example: • Fletcher, . How to Write Your Life. Juv. Coll. 808.0669 Fle. • 808 represents Literature & Rhetoric
000-099 – General Works • Encyclopedias • Reference Books • Bibliographies The numbers up to 099 are used for bibliographies, encyclopedias and other reference books.
100-199Psychology & Philosophy • Psychology • Philosophy and Logic Who am I? (Man thinks about himself.)
200-299Religion & Mythology • Christianity • Other Religions Who made me? (Man thinks about God.)
300-399Education & Social Sciences • Education • History • Law Man thinks about other people.
400-499Language • English • French • Spanish • Other Languages How can I make that man understand me? PHILOLOGY (Language) (Man learns to communicate with others through words.)
500-599Natural Sciences & Mathematics • Mathematics • Earth sciences • Plants • Animals How can I understand nature and the world about me? (Man learns to understand nature on the land, in the sea, and in the sky.)
600-699Technology (Applied Science) • Medicine • Agriculture • Family living How can I use what I know about nature? APPLIED SCIENCE AND USEFUL ARTS (Technology)
700-799Arts, Sports & Recreation • Drawing • Music • Recreational & performing arts How can I enjoy my leisure time? Create and enjoy music, paint pictures, dance and play games.
800-899Literature & Rhetoric • American Literature • Old English Literature • Literatures of Other Languages How can I give my children a record of man's heroic deeds? (Storytelling, create sagas, fables, epic poetry, and plays about man’s ancestors and groups of people. Writing for people to read.)
900-999Geography, History & Travel • Geography • Biographies • Ancient History How can I leave a record for men of the future? Man writes about travel, people, and events
Review • Who created the Dewey Decimal Classification System? • How is the Dewey’s System Organized? • Where do you find the DDCS number on a library book? • How many main classifications are there?
References • http://www.oclc.org/dewey/ • http://www.oclc.org/dewey/resources/summaries/deweysummaries.pdf • http://www.oclc.org/dewey/versions/ddc22print/intro.pdf • http://mte.asd103.org/library/dewey/deweystory.htm • http://www.mikids.com/Deweygroups.htm • http://www.bclibrary.ca/VRD/helpdesk/dewey.php • http://www.homeschoollearning.com/units/unit_09-10-01.shtml • http://library.wcsu.edu/web/help/finding/dewey/ • http://www.ipl.org.ar/youth/dewey/dewey.html • http://www.moyak.com/researcher/resume/papers/dewey.html • http://www.deweybrowse.org/ • http://altreligion.about.com/library/glossary/blsymbols.htm • http://learningat.ke7.org.uk/socialsciences/Psychology/PsyImages/psylogo.jpg • http://tinyurl.com/22f9nu