March 4, 2013 • Agenda • Questions about research?? • Achieve #3 • Population Driving Question: What role does geography play in the settlement and expansion of people?
Population Social Studies Core-9
Where is Everyone? • On your map, color in the places you believe people are living. • Color darker to illustrate more people • In what places do you expect to find people? • Why?
Physical Geography & People What role does location play in the settlement and expansion of population?
March 6, 2013 • Agenda • Research Questions?? • Test Re-takes • Cradles of Civilization • Population Key Terms Learning Target: Students will be able to explain the role physical geography plays in the settlement and growth of population; and, students will know the key vocabulary used to describe population growth
Cradles of Civilization • Read and take notes in the margins on how the geography aided in the growth of civilization • Locate the region on the “Cradles of Civilization” map below, draw an outline of the civilization and any important natural boundaries • Share with your group how the physical features of the region helped produce a thriving civilization and show them where on the map to draw in the civilization and natural boundaries • As a group, determine how physical geography impacts the settlement of people in general
You measure population by looking at population density; the number of people occupying an area of land
Population Density • The number of people occupying an area of land Population of Area Land Area = Population Density
Population Density (people per km2)
You can measure population change through the Crude Birth Rate, the Crude Death Rate, and the Natural Increase Rate.
The Crude Birth Rate (CBR) is the total number of live births in a year for every 1,000 living citizens
The Crude Death Rate (CDR) is the total number of deaths in a year for every 1,000 living citizens
The Natural Increase Rate (NIR) is the percentage by which a population grows each year
What is the NRI of Afghanistan? CBR: 43 CDR: 16 NRI: ____ 2.7
Total Fertility Rate, Infant Mortality Rate, and Life Expectancy also affect population growth.
The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) is the average number of children a woman will have during her child-bearing years
The Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) is the annual number of deaths of infants under the age of 1 for every 1,000 live births
Life Expectancy measures the average number of years a newborn can expect to live
March 8, 2013 • Agenda • Achieves? • How & why has population changed over time? • What does our world look like today?
Global Population Nearly 90% of the world’s population lives north of the equator • 90% of the population lives on less than 20% of the land • Most people live in coastal areas • Nearly two-thirds (66%) of people live within 300 miles of an ocean
Global Populationtwo-thirds of the worlds population is concentrated in four specific areas
East AsiaChina, Japan, Koreas, and Taiwan 1.5 Billion
Southeast AsiaPhilippines, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Borneo, Sumatra, and Java 608 Million
EuropeLargely concentrated in urban areas 740 Million