Canada’s Terrestrial Ecozones of Canada - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Canada’s Terrestrial Ecozones of Canada

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  1. Canada’s Terrestrial Ecozones of Canada

  2. What is an Ecozone? • It is an area of land that has specific types of landforms, soil, climate, and animals. • Canada has 15 different Ecozones.

  3. 1. Arctic Cordillera • 2. Northern Arctic • 3. Southern Arctic • 4. Atlantic Maritime • 5. Boreal Cordillera • 6. Boreal Plains • 7.Boreal Shield

  4. 8. Hudson Plains • 9. Prairie • 10. Mixedwood Plains • 11. Montane Cordillera • 12. Pacific Maritime • 13. Taiga Cordillera • 14. Taiga Plains • 15. Taiga Shield

  5. Arctic Cordillera Ecozone • Location: Eastern Baffin and Devon Islands and most Ellesmere and Bylot Islands • Physical: only major mountainous environment with ice caps on mountains • Climate: very cold • Animals: variety of birds, walrus, narwhal and beluga whale • Example of National Park: Auyuittuq National Park

  6. Northern Arctic Ecozone • Location: most of Nunavut and part of NWT and Northern Quebec • Physical: lowland plains covered with glacial parts • Climate: very dry and cold • Animals: polar bear, caribou, muskox, wold, artic hare • Example of National Park: Aulavik National Park

  7. Southern Arctic Ecozone • Location: Area around Hudson’s Bay (Nunavut, Northern Quebec and Labrador • Physical: strong rolling lowland plains • Climate: cold, with long winters, short cool summers • Animals: muskox, grizzly and polar bears, moose • Example of National Park: Ivvavik National Park

  8. Atlantic Maritime Ecozone • Location: From St Lawrence River through New Brunswick and into Nova Scotia and PEI • Physical: Appalachian upland and coastal plain • Climate: cool moist • Animals: white tailed deer, moose, raccoon, skunk • Example of National Park: Cape Breton Highlands National Park

  9. Boreal Cordillera Ecozone • Location: mid section of Canadian Rockies. Northern BC and Southern Yukon • Physical: mountain ranges • Climate: long cold winters and short warm summers • Animals: black and grizzly bears, mountain goats, lynx • Example of National Park: Kluane National Park

  10. Boreal Plains Ecozone • Location: NW BC to SE Manitoba • Physical: flat plains • Climate: cold winters and warm summers • Animals: woodland caribou, coyote, chipmunks • Example of National Park: Wood Buffalo National Park

  11. Boreal Shield Ecozone • Location: U shaped, N Saskatchewan, E to Newfoundland • Physical: lots of farm land, lakes and rivers • Climate: cold winters and warm summers • Animals: black bear, caribou, raccoon • Example of National Park: Georgian Bay Islands National Park

  12. Hudson Plains Ecozone • Location: Northern Ontario and Quebec near Hudson’s Bay • Physical: mainly wetlands • Climate: cold • Animals: moose, caribou, arctic fox • Example of National Park: Wapusk National Park

  13. Prairie Ecozone • Location: semi-circular and near Canada and USA border (Alberta-Manitoba) • Physical: flat plains • Climate: cold winters and hot summers • Animals: jack rabbit, elk, coyote • Example of National Park: Elk Island National Park

  14. Mixedwood Plains Ecozone • Location: Lower Great Lakes • Physical: agriculture soils and gentle mountain • Climate: warm summers and cool winters • Animals: white tailed deer, black bears, skunks • Example of National Park: Point Pelee National Park

  15. Montane Cordillera Ecozone • Location: S BC and SW Alberta • Physical: rugged mountains and interior plains • Climate: long cold winters and short warm summers • Animals: bighorn sheep, badgers, fishers • Example of National Park: Glacier National Park

  16. Pacific Maritime Ecozone • Location: the land on the Pacific Coast • Physical: mountains, and glacial boundaries • Climate: very little difference between winter and summer….cool • Animals: white-tailed deer, mountain lions • Example of National Park: Pacific Rim National Park

  17. Taiga Cordillera Ecozone • Location: N Rocky Mountain, Yukon and SW NWT • Physical: steep mountains and narrow valleys • Climate: dry and cold • Animals: Dall’s sheep, mountain goats, lynx • Example of National Park: Ivvavik National Park

  18. Taiga Plains Ecozone • Location: SW NWT and N BC • Physical: plains • Climate: cold • Animals: moose, bison, wolf • Example of National Park: Wood Buffalo National Park

  19. Taiga Shield Ecozones • Location: On both sides of Hudson Bay • Physical: lots of forests and open tundra • Climate: cold • Animals: artic fox, moose, wolf • Example of National Park: none