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Development Activities on Power Electronics Technology

Development Activities on Power Electronics Technology

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Development Activities on Power Electronics Technology

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  1. Development Activities on Power Electronics Technology Fathima.K.A. Scientist G, C-DAC(T). 1

  2. Power Electronics Interface Converter ~ L • Output to Load • - Adjustable DC • Sinusoidal AC • - High-frequency AC Source Controller POWER ELECTRONICS C-DAC Thiruvananthapuram Role of Power Electronics The power electronics interface facilitates the transfer of power from the source to the load by converting voltages and currents from one form to another, in which it is possible for the source and load to reverse roles. The controller shown in Fig. allows management of the power transfer process in which the conversion of voltages and currents should be achieved with high energy-efficiency and high power density. 2

  3. POWER ELECTRONICS C-DAC Thiruvananthapuram Power Electronics Technology • A Multi-disciplinary Technology area • Enabling effects of this technology • Wide choice of electric power as per application needs (voltage/frequency) • Increase in productivity and quality • Power Quality improvements • Environmental friendly transportation & power generation systems • By 2010, 80% of the Electric Power Consumed in USA will be processed by this technology 3


  5. Application Areas • Commercial / Domestic / IT areas •SMPS •UPS •Lighing •Air Conditioning • Industrial •Pumps / Fans / Compressors • Cranes, Elevators • Textile, Steel industries, Mining • Power Supplies in Telecommunication / Aerospace POWER ELECTRONICS C-DAC Thiruvananthapuram 5

  6. POWER ELECTRONICS C-DAC Thiruvananthapuram Application Areas Contd….. • Transportation • Hybrid electric vehicles with much higher gas mileage • All-electric ships • Light rail, fly-by-wire planes • Drive-by-wire automobiles 6

  7. POWER ELECTRONICS C-DAC Thiruvananthapuram Application Areas Contd….. • Power Systems • HVDC • Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) • CUSTOM Power Devices • Distributed Generation • FRIENDS (Flexible, Reliable and Intelligent Electrical Energy Delivery System) 7

  8. C-DAC Thiruvananthapuram POWER ELECTRONICS International Scenario • USA has launched a number of programmes to promote the Power Electronics Technology • Power Electronics Building Block (PEBB) programme sponsored by Department of Defense • Centre for Power Electronics Systems (CPES) by National Science Foundation (NSF) created at Virginia Technology University • Japan launched a National Project on “R&D of Ultra Low-Loss-Power Devices Technologies” • China and European union have launched similar Power Electronics R&D programmes 9

  9. National Perspective • Strengths • Strong academic base and R&D expertise to generate cost effective designs • Strong system engineering and application knowledge within the India Industry • Weakness • Lack of R&D funding by industries • Negligible manufacturing base for the key components in power electronics • Low level of interaction between the industries, R&D and academics 8

  10. THE MISSION - NaMPET To provide the country with capability to become a dominant global player in Power Electronics Technology 10

  11. NaMPET Objectives • Enhance the indigenous R&D expertise in Power Electronics • Resorting to R&D3 ie. Research/ Development/Deployment/Demonstration • Networking of premier academic institutes having PE activities • Nodal Centre facilitating the translation of academic research to industries • Assuring industry support, as well as up-gradation of technical know-how by forming a consortium 11

  12. AN INRODUCTION An Autonomous Scientific Society of the Department of Information Technology Ministry of Communications & Information Technology Government of India Centre for Development of Advanced Computing 12

  13. Organization Chart Government of India MCIT C-DAC, Pune DIT DoT C-DAC, Bangalore C-DAC, Delhi C-DAC, Hyderabad DG C-DAC C-DAC, Mumbai C-DAC, Chennai C-DAC, Kolkata Other Societies C-DAC, Mohali C-DAC, Noida C-DAC, Trivandrum MCIT-Ministry of Communication and IT;DIT-Department of Information Technology;DoT-Department of Telecom 13

  14. Nodal Centre, C-DAC(T) • Power Electronics Group at C-DAC(T), working in the PE field from 1974 onwards. • Executing projects in the areas of • Power Quality Improvement • Electric/Hybrid Vehicles • Power Converters to tap Non-Conventional Energy Sources • AC Drives, UPS Systems etc. • Projects to meet specific requirements of customers like BARC, Defence etc. 14

  15. DIT National Steering Committee Nodal Centre C-DAC (T) Academic Institutes R&D Centre Manufacturing Industries User Industries Global Business Promotion Railways Defence C-DAC(T) IISC IITs NITs & other Colleges Steel Industries NaMPET Structure 15

  16. Participating Agencies • Railways • Defence • Steel Industries • Manufacturing industries • BHEL • BEL • Keltron • Veeral Controls • Integrated Electronics • Electrotherm • Numeric Power Controls • Nodal Agency • C-DAC, Trivandrum • Academic Institutions • Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore • Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB) • Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IITK) • Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IITKgp) • Bengal Engineering College, Kolkata • Anna University, Chennai 16

  17. NaMPET Activities • Research & Technology Development • Awareness Creation & Training • Infrastructure Development • Global Promotion 17

  18. Focus Area of the Programme • Power Quality Improvement • Electric traction and Automotive electronics • Integrated power modules and packaging techniques • Distributed power generation/ Renewable energy and Micro generator control • Modelling / Simulation packages • New topologies for Converter/ inverter applications 18

  19. Completed Projects Research & Technology Development • 1. IGBT Gate Drivers • (Implemented through M/s Veeral Controls) • Technology Output • A range of Gate Drivers suitable for different makes of IGBTs • Low Propagation delay < 100ns • Enables application in high frequency switching circuits of the order of 50kHz • Peak Gate Driver Current of 30A and provision for paralleling of IGBTs Back 19

  20. IGBT Gate Driver contd.. Research & Technology Development Single Channel Gate Drive Dual Channel Gate Drive Back 20

  21. Completed Projects Research & Technology Development Teaching Aid for SMPC Course(Implemented by IISc Bangalore) Output 20 types of teaching aid kits Helps students to gain hands-on expertise on basic circuits of PE systems Given wide publicity through NWPE 2006 and short - term courses Back 21

  22. Ongoing Projects Research & Technology Development • Full Spectrum Simulator • (Typical R&D project networking all academic institutes, CPRI and C- DAC) • Indigenous development of a real time simulator, to enable • hardware-in-loop testing of PE systems 3a. FPGA based simulator FPGA based stand-alone system completed by IISc Popularized among industries and academics through short-term courses A versatile platform, programmable for several real time control and simulation applications M/s Chip craft has sold about 20 nos of single FPGA board to various industries like Meher Capacitors, Petroleum Engineering College UAE, L&T, IITK etc Back 22

  23. Full Spectrum Simulator contd.. Research & Technology Development 3b.SEQUEL(A Solver for circuit EQuations with User-defined Elements) Training courses conducted on off-line SEQUEL Free download, tutorial and library functions uploaded in SEQUEL club of NaMPET website 120 registered users in SEQUEL club 3c. Real-time Simulator All hardware for main cabinet tested and ready 3 PCB rack system (1CPU, 1IIRC, 1SIC) assembled, tested and handed over to IITB for the development of parallel processing embedded software Full PCB rack system (8CPU, 1IIRC, 1SIC) are under assembly All PCBs for I/O rack assembled, and are under testing Back 23

  24. Full Spectrum Simulator contd.. Research & Technology Development CPU IIRC SIC Analog Output Analog Input Spin - off expected Custom built simulators for specific system applications like automotive, fuel cell based power plants etc. Back 24

  25. Ongoing Projects Research & Technology Development • Matrix Converters • (A joint project of C-DAC and IISc) • A stand alone Embedded control hardware developed as part of the project • Georgia Tech interested in obtaining this controller Back 25

  26. Ongoing Projects Research & Technology Development • Ultra Capacitors (Implemented by IISc) • Concepts and process standardization established for integration of ultra-capacitors using exfoliated graphite electrodes • Second phase to be taken up along with manufacturing industry • DST has given a project to IISc on development of ultra-capacitors for automotive applications Back 26

  27. Ultra Capacitor contd.. Research & Technology Development Construction of Single Serial and Parallel Capacitors Components of Capacitor Electrode I Electrode II Back 27

  28. Ongoing Projects Research & Technology Development 6. Universal Front-End for Microgenerators using Renewable Sources (Joint project of C-DAC, IITK and WBREDA) • Project in the initial phase • Deployment of Power Electronics in green-energy, zero-emission applications enabling energy savings, protect environment and improve rural life • 2.0 MVAR Statcom for IT Park • (Project by CDAC(T) funded by MoP & NaMPET) • Development of Neutral current compensation Techniques • Power Quality Improvement in IT Parks Back 28

  29. Ongoing Projects Research & Technology Development Optimization of Front-End Converter Filter Design for Distributed Power Generation(Implementation by IISc) Optimization of front-end high frequency filter for medium to high power levels • Design and Development of Multi-level Converter for Industrial Drives • (Implementation by NIT Nagpur) • Multilevel inverter with switching states having zero common mode voltage suitable for machine drives Back 29

  30. Ongoing Projects Research & Technology Development 10. Development of Hall Effect based Current Sensors(Jointly sponsored with the implementing industry) • Indigenous development of a range of Hall- Effect current sensors Back 30

  31. Ongoing Projects Research & Technology Development 12. Universal Auxiliary Converter for Railways • Exclusive development for Indian Railways • Joint funding by Railways & NaMPET • Joint implementation by CDAC(T) & CLW • Technical support from IISc & IITKgp 11. Control Hardware & software for VCU and TCN • Exclusive development for Indian Railways • Largest sponsored project obtained under NaMPET • Joint implementation by CDAC(T) & CLW • Technical support from IISc & IITB Back 31

  32. Infrastructure Development • National Power Electronics Infrastructure Under NaMPET • Nodal Centre C-DAC(T) • IISc Bangalore • IIT Bombay • IIT Kharagpur • IIT Kanpur • BESU • Anna University Back 32

  33. Annual Workshops & Short-term Courses Awareness Creation & Training • Awareness Creation & Training • 3 Annual workshop at National level, NWPE 2005-07 • 7 Short term courses on selected areas in Power Electronics, conducted by various Institutions Back 33

  34. Short – term Courses Awareness Creation & Training • Technical areas covered under Short - term Courses • Electromagnetic interference and compatibility • FPGA Real Time Controller and Simulator • SEQUEL • Thermal Engineering and Packaging • Active Filters for Power Quality • CANOpen Back 34

  35. Global Promotion • Promotion of International Activities Participated in • International Solar Cities Congress – 2006 at Oxford • International CAN Conference – 2006 at Sweden • International Power Electronics Exhibition – 2006 at Russia • IEEE TENCON – 2006 International Conference at Hong Kong • EPE 2007 Conference at Denmark Back 35

  36. Global Promotion Prof. Deepak Divan, Georgia Tech, visited C-DAC, IISc and CPRI from 24 - 27 July 2007. Points identified for further follow-up • Exchange programme of Scientists and students • Matrix Converter controller (DSP and FPGA) and Teaching Aids • A pilot project on “Baseline Power Quality and Power system reliability” Back 36

  37. NaMPET WEBSITE -or- Key Features: • Focus Area • About NaMPET • Activities • The Team • Digital Resource Centre • Core Competencies • Events/Announcements • PE Trends • Discussion Forum • What is new 37

  38. Q & A 38