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Pre and Post modification

Pre and Post modification

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Pre and Post modification

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  1. Pre and Post modification Adjectives and Adjective Clauses

  2. In describing nouns, we can put one or more adjectives before the noun and phrases or clauses after it. Adjectives (形容詞) They are used to describe nouns (名詞)

  3. The common structures are: 1. Adjectives + Noun e.g. a delinquent(行為不良的) man

  4. The common structures are: 2. Adjectives + Noun + Preposition + Noun Phrase. e.g. a destroyed boat inYaumatei Typhoon Shelter.

  5. The common structures are: 3. Adjectives + Noun + Adjective Clauses e.g. a difficult job which requires(需要) shift duty.

  6. 1. Adjectives + Noun When we would like to enrich the properties of the noun, using adjectives is the most direct way . e.g. A blazer (運動夾克) vsAn ugly blazer vsAn ugly woolen (毛織) blazer vsAn ugly woolen school blazer

  7. 1. Adjectives + Noun An ugly old grey(灰色) moth-eaten(蟲蛀的) English woolen school blazer

  8. 2. Adjectives + Noun + Preposition + Noun Phrase At -- used for points of time ( at 8p.m. ) On-- used for days ( on Monday ) In -- used to indicate periods of time ( in the evening, in August ) -- year (1999 ) For -- from beginning to the end ( for 2 years )

  9. O O Spatial Relationships 2. Adjectives + Noun + Preposition + Noun Phrase AT OFF

  10. Spatial Relationships 2. Adjectives + Noun + Preposition + Noun Phrase ABOVE OVER ON TOP OF BEHIND IN FRONT OF BELOW UNDER BENEATH

  11. O O Spatial Relationships 2. Adjectives + Noun + Preposition + Noun Phrase IN OUT OF ALONG AROUND AMONG BETWEEN

  12. 3. Adjectives + Noun + Adjective Clauses The adjective clauses are the main parts for the detailed descriptions! He lent me the computer. The computer contained a lot of information.

  13. 3. Adjectives + Noun + Adjective Clauses He lent me the computer. The computer contained a lot of information. He lent me the computer which contained a lot of information.

  14. 3. Adjectives + Noun + Adjective Clauses My father works very hard. He is dear to us all. My father, who is dear to us all, works very hard. Mr Chan is my uncle. You met him in my house. Mr Chan, whom you met in my house, is my uncle.

  15. 3. Adjectives + Noun + Adjective Clauses Mr Leung owns a farm. His son is my classmate. Mr Leung, whose son is my classmate, owns a farm. The woman lives in a hut(小屋). Its roof leaks. The woman lives in a hut, the roof of which leaks.

  16. THE END