Virgil and Aeneas The Greatest Roman Author and Hero
Virgil • Publius Vergilius Maro • Born:Oct. 15, 70 B.C. • Died: Sept. 21, 19 B.C. • Born in Mantua, northern Italy • Studied philosophy in Rome.
Early Works • Bucolics - “on care of cattle” - tells of revolutionary change in Rome during Republic • Georgics - about farming and rural life
Augustus • First Roman emperor • Wanted to unite Rome with an epic that displayed national pride. • Believed he was descendant of Aeneas, who is also the son of the goddess, Venus. • Commissioned Virgil to write the great Roman epic.
Writing of the Aeneid • Took 10 years to write • 12 books • First 6 books: modeled after Odyssey (journey) • Last 6 books: modeled after Iliad (war epic) • Tells the story of Aeneas from the end of the Trojan War to his founding of the Roman race in Italy.
Trojan War (Judgment of Paris) • Judgment of Paris • At wedding of Peleus and Thetis • Dischord throws apple “For the Fairest” • 3 goddesses: Venus, Minerva, and Juno fight for it. • Paris (Trojan) picks Venus and receives Helen, most beautiful woman (Greek) • She was married to king Menelaus (Greek) • Greeks want her back, Troy refuses; war ensues.
City of Troy • “impenetrable walls” • King Priam • Sons are Hector, strongest Trojan warrior and Paris • Aeneas is leader of Dardanians, sect of Trojans. • Greeks try to breach walls for 10 years with no success.
Trojan Horse • Devised by Odysseus, Greek warrior (Odyssey) • Trojans thought it was gift for their deity • Laocoön (Trojan) believes horse is a trick. He is killed by serpents. • Trojans take the horse inside the city.
Escape from Troy • Aeneas escapes with his men, his father, and son. • Wife, Creusa, does not make it. • Escape while Troy is burning.
Aeneas in Italy • After many years of wandering to different places, Aeneas finds Latium in Italy and battles with people there. • He is victorious and becomes father of Roman race.
Back to Virgil • Virgil spent 10 years writing Aeneid and died with it being incompleted. • Asks slaves to burn only manuscript. • They do not and it survives to this day.
A Look at the Aeneid • Arma virumque cano, Troiae qui primus ab orisItaliam, fato profugus, Laviniaque venitlitora, multum ille et terris iactatus et altovi superum saevae memorem Iunonis ob iram;multa quoque et bello passus, dum conderet urbem, 5inferretque deos Latio, genus unde Latinum,Albanique patres, atque altae moenia Romae.
Conclusions • Aeneid was written as the national epic for Rome by Virgil for Augustus. • The story involves Aeneas after the Trojan War between the Trojans and the Greeks. • Aeneas and his men left the city of Troy and ended in Latium in Italy. • The Aeneid is the most famous and probably most important work of Latin poetry.