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SHANG DYNASTY

SHANG DYNASTY

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SHANG DYNASTY

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  1. SHANG DYNASTY • Developed out of Neolithic settlements in Huang-ho River Valley • 1500-1000 BC • Shang rulers were primarily military leaders • They were also chief priests • SHANG-TI • ANCESTOR WORSHIP

  2. ZHOU DYNASTY • Two aristocrats from western region of Zhou lead successful rebellion against last Shang ruler (1000 BC) • Mandate of Heaven • Rulers had special permission from the gods to rule but this permission could be revoked and given to another family if the current rulers misused their authority • 1000-221 BC

  3. QIN DYNASTY • Zhou kingdom had disintegrated into numerous, small independent states by 600 BC • Around 300 BC, the northwestern state of Qin began to conquer neighboring states • Under Shihuangdi, Qin had taken over all of northern China • Proclaimed himself “First Emperor” • SHIHUANGDI • Eventually conquered all of what is now China • Centralized administrative system • Standard system of weights and measures • Uniform coinage system • Simplified standard alphabet • Began work on the Great Wall

  4. FALL OF THE QIN DYNASTY • Shihuangdi accomplished his work in only ten years • Drove his people mercilessly • Imposed heavy taxes, imposed forced labor, and brutally crushed all hints of dissent • He became obsessed with finding a magic potion that would give him eternal life in last years • Died in 210 BC while on a quest to find magic potion • His empire collapsed immediately in the midst of civil war

  5. HAN DYNASTY • Founded by Lui Bang • Former bandit leader • 202 BC-220 AD • Even today, Chinese call themselves the “people of Han” • Lui Bang continued centralizing policies of Shihuangdi but went easier on his people • Lowered taxes • Curtailed forced labor • Lightened up on repression • Put Han Dynasty on firm foundation that would last 400 years

  6. HAN WUDI • Greatest of the Han emperors • 157-87 AD • Extended Han power into Tibet, Korea, and Mongolia • Established relations with Japan • Began work on the “Silk Road” • Trade route that stretched from China, through India and the Middle East, and into Europe

  7. THE SILK ROAD

  8. WRITING • First appeared during Shang Dynasty • Oracle bones • Questions to gods written on bones • First books appeared during Zhou Dynasty • Made from flat pieces of bamboo, fastened together on one side • Chinese alphabet became standardized under Shihuangdi • Paper invented during Han Dynasty • Made books less cumbersome

  9. CONFUCIUS (K’UNG FU TSU) • Best known of the late Zhou Dynasty sages • ANALECTS (written by his students) • How human beings could live togetherharmoniously in society • Hierarchy • Redefinition of the term “gentleman”