Shang Dynasty By: Shivani Darji &Nandini Patel
History • Established by the 1500s BC. • Tang the great founded the dynasty. • Tang defeated the evil king of the Xia dynasty.
Why is it important? • The Shang dynasty invented many important things for China. • They invented the first writing system of China. • They made a calendar according to the cycles of the moon.
First 10 Leaders • Tang • Wai Bing • Tai Jia • ZhongRen • Wo Ding • Tai Geng • Xiao Jia • Yong Ji • Tai Wu • Zhong Ding Tang
Achievements • Invented a calendar based on the cycles of the moon. • Made China’s first writing system. • Artisans made beautiful bronze containers for cooking and religious ceremonies. • The first leader Tang defeated the evil king of the Xia dynasty.
Mandate of Heaven • The Zhou dynasty used the idea of the Mandate of Heaven to justify the over throw of the Shang dynasty. • They claimed that the Shang emperors were corrupt and unfit, so heaven demanded their removal.
Warring States • The power of various kingdoms rose and fell throughout the Warring States Period. • The era for warring states lasted for over 200 years.
Great Wall • It was built during the warring states era. • Built by rival kingdoms around their territories. • Was connected after the war ended by the Qin dynasty.
Review Questions! • Who is the first leader of the Shang dynasty? • What did they make the calendar based on? • Who/what demanded the Shang emperors’ removal? • When did the Shang dynasty begin? • How long did the warring states era last? Tang the great The cycles of the moon Heaven 1500s BC Over 200 years