American Government Chapter 1 Section 1: Government and the State Big Idea: A government enables a society to carry out its policies and protect its citizens from violence and injustice.
vocabulary • Government • Public policy • Legislative power • Executive power • Judicial power • Constitution • Dictatorship • Democracy • State • sovereign
Notes: • Government is defined as: • What are the basic powers of governments? • What are the 4 defining characteristics of a state? • List and explain the 4 theories that attempt to explain the origins of states: • What is the purpose of government in the US? • A • B • C • D • E
Chapter 1 Section 2: Forms of Government Big Idea: The United States is a Democracy with a federal and presidential system of government.
Vocabulary • Autocracy • Oligarchy • Unitary government • Federal government • Division of powers • Confederation • Presidential government • Parliamentary government
Notes • How are governments classified? a. b. c. • Who can participate in government? • Democracy -direct: -indirect: • Dictatorship -autocracy: -oligarchy:
Notes continued • How is power distributed? • Unitary government: • Federal government: • Confederate government:
Notes continued • What is the relationship between the legislative (lawmaking) and executive (carry out laws)branches? • Presidential government: • Parliamentary government:
Chapter 1 Section 3: Basic Concepts of Democracy Big Idea: Democracy rests on the rights and freedoms of individuals; the American commitment to these ideals is evident in its free enterprise system.
Vocabulary • Compromise • Free enterprise system • Law of supply and demand • Mixed economy
Notes • 5 notions of democracy: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Notes continued • What is the connection between democracy and the free enterprise system? • What kind of role does the internet have on democracy?