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Maintaining a Healthful Weight

Maintaining a Healthful Weight. Lesson 4 Pages B64-69. Healthful Weight. Depends on many factors Height Muscle Mass How much of the person’s weight is fat How to determine if your weight is healthful Height and weight chart Body composition Body Mass Index. Body Composition.

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Maintaining a Healthful Weight

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1. Maintaining a Healthful Weight Lesson 4 Pages B64-69

2. Healthful Weight • Depends on many factors • Height • Muscle Mass • How much of the person’s weight is fat • How to determine if your weight is healthful • Height and weight chart • Body composition • Body Mass Index

3. Body Composition • The percentage of fat tissue and lean tissue in the body. • Health professionals use many methods to calculate body composition • Skin-fold tests • Electrical devices

4. Body Mass Index(BMI) • A formula used to determine whether a person’s body weight is healthful. • There are different BMI classifications for adults and for people age 2-20 • Some people who are classified as ‘overweight’ may just have more muscle tissue than others, and may not be unhealthy.

5. Famous Healthy People with Overweight BMI’s

6. Problems with BMI Muscle Weighs more than fat! It’s not a precise measurement

7. Find your BMI! • Step 1: Measure your height in inches and square the result. • 12 inches = 1 foot • Step 2: divide your weight in pounds by your answer in step 1 • Step 3: Multiply the answer in step 2 by 703.

8. Mrs. McCusker’s BMI Math • Step 1: I am 5’8”, so 5 feet x 12 inches = 60 • 60” + 8”= 68” • 68 x 68 = 4,624 • Step 2: My weight is 155 so I divide 155 by my answer from step 1. • 155 /4,624 = .0335207 • Step 3: Multiply the answer from step 2 by 703. • .0335207 x 703 = 23.56

9. Avoiding Extremes • Being overweight or underweight can pose health risks and lower self-esteem • If you eat food with more calories than your body needs, you gain weight. • Your body can not store extra carbs or proteins, it will store it as fat.

10. BMI Chart

11. What you Need • Female Teens need about 2,200 calories a day • Male Teens need about 2,800 calories a day. • No more than 65 grams of fat a day.

12. Overweight • Weighing more than is healthful for your height according to set standards. • 60% of adults are overweight according to the CDC.

13. Obesity • Obesity is having a BMI higher than 30. • People who are obese, have a large percentage of fat, regardless of their weight. • Teen obesity has more than doubled in the last 20 years!

14. Physical Effects of Obesity • Shortness of breath • Trouble with bones and joints • Greater risk for illnesses such as … • Heart disease • Arthritis • High blood pressure

15. Emotional Effects of Obesity • May avoid social gatherings • Negative self-esteem • Bullying and teasing

16. Underweight • Weighing less than is healthful for your height according to set standards. • Consuming less calories than the body needs could be harmful. • Body doesn’t gets the nutrients and energy that it needs to function properly.

17. Physical Effects of Being Underweight • Can impair growth and development • You might become sick more often • Immune system may not be able to fight off diseases. • Muscle weakness and dry, scaly skin • Trouble concentrating • React irritably to others

18. Weight Management • A combination of healthful eating and regular physical activity • Metabolism- the process by which the body converts food to energy. • MUSCLE burns more energy than fat. Muscular people have higher metabolisms.

19. Eat smaller portions Eat a nutrtious breakfast Don’t skip meals Aim to lose 1 ½ - 2 lbs. Per week Perform some physical activity for at least 60 minutes a day Increase your movement throughout the day Strategies for Losing Weight

20. Strategies for Gaining Weight • Aim for the highest number of servings recommended from each food group • Choose calorie-rich foods in each food group • Eat three meals a day and include 2-3 healthy snacks • Ask your doctor if you should drink a liquid supplement for extra calories.

21. Fad Diets • Popular plans that promise quick weight loss • How to spot a fad diet Activity: With a partner, list as many fad diets as you can. Think of TV commercials you have seen.

22. Fad Diets • Cabbage Soup Diet • South Beach Diet- is it healthy? • Atkins Diet- is it healthy?

23. Fad Diets • The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does NOT check the safety of supplements before they are sold in stores. • The FDA can stop the sale of those supplements that are found to cause illness or injury.

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