Houston Then and Now Teaching Continuity and Change-over-time Created by Debbie Owens Klein Oak High School
Main Street Houston 1856 Houston begins in 1837 as a small port on the Gulf Coast. John and Augustus Allen settled the hamlet at the conversion of White Oak Bayou and Buffalo Bayou with the hopes of creating “a great center of government and commerce." http://www.completepicturesinc.com/images/vintage/mainst1856.jpg
Main Street at Buffalo Bayou 1890 Now Allen’s Landing – Named the Port of Houston in 1841 http://www.completepicturesinc.com/images/vintage/mainatbuffalobayoucirca1890.jpg
City Hall Early 1900 http://www.completepicturesinc.com/images/vintage/CityHall1900.jpg
The Lucas Gusher At Spindletop in Beaumont Jan 10, 1901 Signals the beginning of the oil business in Texas http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spindletop This transforms Houston from a small town to a major port of commerce
Why Houston as the major transportation center? Houston served both as a hub for overland railway and as a sea port. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Old_map-Houston-1873.jpg
Panoramic View of Houston in 1910 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9c/Houston_Panorama_c1910_LOC_6a14878u.jpg
Union Railway Station 1912 http://harvey.library.arizona.edu/finding_aid/10tx/11/10-11-5.htm
Union Station Ticket Booth http://harvey.library.arizona.edu/finding_aid/10tx/11/welcome.html
Union Station Waiting Room http://harvey.library.arizona.edu/jpgs/10/11/10-11-1.jpg
Union Station Lunch Room http://harvey.library.arizona.edu/finding_aid/10tx/11/10-11-4.htm
Humble Gilliland Oil Field Houston Texas 1919 http://cgi.ebay.com.my/ws/eBayISAPI.dll?ViewItem&item=350141026127&ssPageName=MERC_VI_RCRX_Pr12_PcY_BIN_Stores_IT&refitem=180243068122&itemcount=12&refwidgetloc=active_view_item&usedrule1=CrossSell_LogicX&refwidgettype=cross_promot_widget&_trksid=p284.m184&_trkparms=algo%3DCRX%26its%3DS%252BI%252BSS%26itu%3DISS%252BUCI%252BSI%26otn%3D12#ebayphotohosting
Public Transportation 1924 http://www.completepicturesinc.com/images/vintage/Howdy.jpg
Medical Center 1949 http://www.completepicturesinc.com/images/vintage/medicalcenter1949.jpg
Ship Channel Turning Basin Mid 1950s http://www.completepicturesinc.com/images/vintage/shipchannelturningbasin1949.jpg
NASA Mission Control 1969 http://www.completepicturesinc.com/images/vintage/missioncontrol1969.jpg
Houston’s Astrodome 1970 http://www.completepicturesinc.com/images/vintage/astrodome1970.jpg
Aerial of Downtown Houston http://photohome.com/photos/texas-pictures/houston/downtown-houston-4.html
Houston City Hall Complex http://www.glasssteelandstone.com/BuildingDetail/531.php
Minute Maid Park – The Old Union Station http://www.houstonarchitecture.info/Building/534/Minute_Maid_Park.php
Commemorating the Houston Train Station http://www.houstonarchitecture.info/Building/534/Minute_Maid_Park.php
City of Houston’s Official Seal Why a train? Because of the roll railway transportation played in Houston’s economic growth.
Union Station Today – Minute Maid Park http://photohome.com/photos/texas-pictures/houston/minute-maid-park-4.html
Transportation Today – Metro Rail http://photohome.com/photos/texas-pictures/houston/houston-metrorail-1.html
Houston Medical Center Today http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:FlightHoustontoDallas086.jpg
Port of Houston Today http://www.airphotona.com/image.asp?imageid=11734
Johnson’s Space Center http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Lyndon_B._Johnson_Space_Center
Reliant Stadium and The Astrodome http://www.knowledgerush.com/kr/encyclopedia/Houston,_Texas/
Downtown Houston Today Largest City in Texas; 4th Largest in the US http://photohome.com/photos/texas-pictures/houston/downtown-houston-1.html
How did Houston grow from a hamlet to the 4th largest city in the nation? • Galveston had been the major city in Texas until the storm of 1900 which is considered the deadliest natural disaster to have ever struck the United States. Galveston’s devastation created a need for a major port city in Texas.
Striking oil at Spindletop created a need to transport oil from the oilfields. • Followed by the oil strike in Humble, Texas. • Houston provided major railway transportation to most of the state of Texas and had access to the Gulf of Mexico.
The United States had become the foremost industrialized country in the world creating a need for oil, cotton, and other products that Texas offered.
With transportation came urbanization, industrialization, expansion, cultural diffusion leading to more of each thus becoming cyclical and ultimately leading to new industry: technology, medicine, banking, etc.
Continuity: What has stayed the same? • Climate: flooding, infectious disease from mosquitoes, hurricane, humidity • Houston’s economy still relies heavily on the oil and transportation industries. • Can you think of any other factors?