Goal Setting In the Middle School Classroom
Why teach goal-setting? “If they think they can’t, they’re probably right!” • Students who have developed strong sense of ability: • See challenging problems as tasks to be mastered • Are more interested in participating • Form a stronger sense of commitment to their interests and activities • Continue to try when they don’t succeed the first time • Students with an undeveloped sense of ability: • Avoid challenging tasks • Believe that difficult tasks are too tough for them • Focus on struggle or failure • Give up easily
Appeal to the “Four Dimensions” to help students set goals… “I have ability” “I’m Interested” “I can relate” “I Decide”
Who sets the goal? • Extrinsic – outside motivation • Intrinsic – motivated from within • Help students see how accomplishing the goal will benefit them… • I will be better off having achieved my goal. • It is connected to my life. • I can decide on and achieve goals. • The goal is of value to me. • More intrinsic motivation = greater achievement!
Using goals to motivate student achievement on assessments • STAR Progress Monitoring • Share individual student scores/results/etc… • Brainstorm (problems & solutions) • Complete “stair-step” goal sheet • Timely feedback – praise evident EFFORT and attainment! • Acuity • Share results of assessment and specific areas of strength/weakness • Brainstorm (problems & solutions) • Complete individual goal sheet • Timely feedback – praise!
Using goals to motivate student achievement on assignments/tests • PowerSchool • Show students how your class averages are figured • Provide samples of how different categories affect overall grade • Allow students to practice figuring grades • Brainstorm (problems & solutions) • Set goals • Communicate results – recognize effort & achievement • Teach students how to track assignment data • Encourage students to take ownership of their progress in class