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Chapter Overview

Chapter Overview

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Chapter Overview

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  1. Chapter Overview • Using the Backup Utility • Backing Up Data • Restoring Data • Using the Automated System Recovery Wizard

  2. Introducing the Backup Utility • Use one of two methods for starting the Backup Or Restore Wizard. • Click Start, point to All Programs, point to Accessories, point to System Tools, and then click Backup. • Click Start, click Run, and in the Open text box, type ntbackup and then click OK. • Use the Backup Or Restore Wizard to • Back up or restore data • Schedule regular unattended backup jobs • Store backups on tape, disk, CD, or optical drives.

  3. Requirements for Running the Backup Utility • All users can • Back up their own files and folders • Back up files and folders for which they have the Read, Read & Execute, Modify, or Full Control permission • Restore files and folders for which they have the Write, Modify, or Full Control permission • Members of the Administrators and Backup Operators groups can back up and restore all files regardless of the assigned permissions.

  4. Planning Issues for Backups • Plan your backup jobs to fit the needs of the company. • Plan a process for quickly and successfully restoring data. • There is no single correct backup plan for all networks. • Determine which files and folders to back up. • Determine how often to back up. • Determine which media to use for storing backup data.

  5. Determining Whether to Perform Network or Local Backup Jobs • Network backups • Let you back up data from multiple network computers • Let you consolidate backup data from multiple computers to a single removable backup medium • Let one administrator back up the entire network • Local backups • Let you back up the registry and Active Directory service • Require you to move from computer to computer • Require a removable storage device on every computer • Network and local backups can be used together.

  6. Selecting the Type of Backup Operation • Some backup types use backup markers, which are also known as archive attributes. • When a file changes, an attribute is set on the file that indicates the file has changed since the last backup. • When you back up the file, this clears or resets the attribute. • There are five types of backups: normal, copy, incremental, differential, and daily.

  7. Considerations for Combining Backup Types • An effective backup strategy combines different backup types. • Some backup types require more time to back up data but less time to restore data. • Some backup types require less time to back up data but more time to restore data. • If you combine backup types, markers are critical. Both incremental and differential backups check for and rely on markers.

  8. Example: Combining Normal and Differential Backups • On Monday, perform a normal backup. • On Tuesday through Friday, perform differential backups. • Differential backups do not clear markers, so all backups include all changes since Monday. • This strategy takes more time to back up but lesstime to restore.

  9. Example: Combining Normal and Incremental Backups • On Monday, perform a normal backup. • On Tuesday through Friday, perform incremental backups. • Incremental backups clear markers, so each backup includes changes since the previous backup only. • This strategy takes less time to back up but more time to restore.

  10. Example: Combining Normal, Differential, and Copy Backups • On Monday, perform a normal backup. • On Tuesday, perform a differential backup. • On Wednesday, perform a copy backup, which • Includes all selected files • Does not clear markers or interrupt the usual backup schedule • Creates a snapshot of your data • On Thursday and Friday, perform differential backups. • Differential backups do not clear markers, so each differential backup includes all changes since Monday. • This strategy takes more time to back up but less time to restore.

  11. Using the General Tab to Change the Default Backup Options

  12. Using the Restore Tab to Change the Default Backup Options

  13. Changing Additional Backup Default Options • You can use the Backup Type tab to select a default backup type. • Normal, copy, incremental, differential, daily • You can use the Backup Log tab to determine the amount of information to be logged. • Detailed, summary, none • You can use the Exclude Files tab to select which files are excluded from backup jobs.

  14. Performing Preliminary Tasks Before Backing Up Data • Ensure that the files you want to back up are all closed. • Check the removable media device. • Is it attached to a computer on the network? • Is it powered on? • If you are backing up to tape, is the tape device attached to the computer you are going to run Backup on? • Is it on the Microsoft Windows XP Professional Hardware Compatibility List (HCL)? • Is the media loaded in the media device?

  15. Selecting Files and Folders to Back Up

  16. Backup Type, Destination, and Name • Select The Backup Type option • Tape or file • Choose A Place To Save Your Backup option • For a tape, enter the tape name. • For a file, enter the path for the backup file. • Type A Name For This Backup option • If it is a filename, the extension .bkf is appended automatically.

  17. Setting Advanced Backup Options • Select The Type Of Backup • Verify Data After Backup • Use Hardware Compression, If Available • Disable Volume Shadow Copy • Append This Backup To The Existing Backups or Replace The Existing Backups • Allow Only The Owner And The Administrator Access To The Backup Data And Any Backups Appended To This Medium • When To Backup: Now or Later

  18. Scheduling Backup Jobs • Click Set Schedule to have the backup run at a later time. • The Task Scheduler displays the Schedule Job dialog box. • You can set the date, time, and number of occurrences for the backup job to repeat. • You can select Show Multiple Schedules to display all the scheduled tasks. • You can click Advanced to schedule how long the backup can last and for how many days, weeks, months, or years you want this schedule to continue.

  19. Preparing to Restore Data • Base your restore strategy on the backup type that you used for the backup. • Perform a trial restore periodically. • Keep documentation for each backup job. • Keep a record of multiple backup jobs in a calendar format.

  20. Selecting Backup Sets, Files, and Folders to Restore • Determine what needs to be restored. • Individual files and folders • An entire backup job • A backup set • In the Backup Or Restore Wizard, select Restore Files And Settings. • Expand the media type that contains the data. • Expand the appropriate media set. • Select the data that you want to restore. • Click Finish to start the restore job, or click Advanced to set advanced options.

  21. Specifying Advanced Restore Settings • Restore Files To option: Original Location, Alternate Location, or Single Folder • When Restoring Files That Already Exist On Your Computer option • Leave Existing Files (Recommended) • Replace Existing Files If They Are Older Than The Backup Files • Replace Existing Files • Select The Options You Want To Use option • Restore Security Settings • Restore Junction Points, But Not The Folders And File Data They Reference • Preserve Existing Volume Mount Points

  22. Completing the Restore • The Backup Utility • Prompts you to verify your selection of source media to use to restore data • Starts the restore process • Displays status information about the restore process • Lets you view the restore log report

  23. Introduction to the Automated System Recovery Wizard • The Automated System Recovery Wizard helps you back up your system partition so that you can restore it. • The Automated System Recovery Wizard creates • A floppy disk that contains system settings • A backup of the local system partition on tape or as a file location on a network server

  24. Starting the Automated System Recovery Wizard • Click Start, point to Accessories, point to System Tools, and then click Backup. • In the Welcome To The Backup Or Restore Wizard page, click Advanced Mode. • In the Advanced Mode window, click Automated System Recovery Preparation Wizard, and then click Next. • In the Welcome To The Automated System Recovery Preparation Wizard page, click Next. • In the Backup Destination page, select the appropriate options, and then click Next. • Backup Media Type • Backup Media Or File Name • In the Completing The Automated System Recovery Preparation Wizard, click Finish to start the backup of your system files.

  25. Chapter Summary • You use the Backup Utility to back up data manually, schedule regular unattended backup jobs, and restore data. • The Backup Utility provides five types of backups: normal, copy, differential, incremental, and daily. • The Backup Utility has configurable default options that apply to all backup and restore operations. • You can back up everything on the computer; select files, drives, or network data; or back up only the system state data.

  26. Chapter Summary (Cont.) • The advanced options in the Backup Utility include verifying the data after the backup and using hardware compression. • The Backup Utility lets you restore individual files and folders, an entire backup job, or a backup set. • The Backup Utility provides access to the Automated System Recovery Wizard. • The Automated System Recovery Preparation Wizard creates a floppy disk that contains system settings and a backup of the local system partition so that you can restore it in case of an emergency.